The situation became more grave as they demanded that the Muslims convert to Hinduism. A section of Bengali writers wrote against the Muslims, spreading hatred among the Hindus for Muslims. Aims and Objectives of All India Muslim League: The aims and objectives of All India Muslim League were following which developed a political concept among the Muslims and inclined them to take part in the politics of India. 1) To establish good relation between the British government and the Muslims and to remove misunderstanding from the minds of the British against the
It served the colonial administration to divide and rule and therefore the prevailing religious differences were first used to project the social and cultural variations and then to promote political division by treating Indians basically not as Indians but as members of religious communities. British imperialism in India perceived India essentially as two formations one is feudal principalities and religious communities. British administrators exploited the inbuilt divisions and tensions existing between feudal principalities and religious communities. These two categories used mostly for representation at durbars, ceremonies, giving of titles and awards, nominations to local bodies, municipalities, legislatures and in viceroys executive council and the type of politics approved and encouraged by British imperialism was only ‘Communal Parties’. A voter was classified as Hindu or a Muslim and so was a candidate and a representative.
After having dominated their colonies, the imperial powers “demanded for stasis” in order to gain stability of control and maintain peace over their colonies (Bhabha 86). Opposing to such a demand of the imperial authority, the colonies also requested for “changes” and “difference” within themselves to develop and undergo historical progression (86). Many of the colonies desired to achieve economic and political status equal to that of the colonizers. To be more specific, movements for economic development and political liberalization emerged throughout the colonies under the guidance of educated leaders. One example of such movements was the nationwide campaigns held in India by Mohandas Gandhi to ease poverty within the nation, expand women’s rights, undergo economic development and even achieve political autonomy from the British.
These characters are correlated by affection and a sense of responsibility rather than by ties of blood. The novel emphasizes the importance of networks between people who can outfit financial, emotional, and professional morale support for one another. simultaneously, Kipling's emphasis on personal attachment has some definitive political implications. For instance, the novel describes the fictional insurrection and rebellion against British authority by the Five Kings in the north of India as treason and betrayal of the personal ties between colonial India and the British Empire. Kim has bonds of moral and emotional rightness between India and Britain that has made him such a controversial.
Kashmir issue is the one of the biggest conflicts between Pakistan and India. There are also many other issues between India and Pakistan like water, 1965and 1971 wars, nuclear test, Mumbai attacks, security of their borders and different religious ideologies and theories. The biggest conflict is the Kashmir conflict
Britain’s royal heritage is a big part of its tourist attraction, not to mention the impossibility of measurement of quantity but fundamental efforts that the Queen in effect performs on overseas trips. The monarchy is blamed for installing elitism and the class system (superiority), but it could be only seen in imagination that those things would disappear in a republican system. They still do exist in America. While the monarchies of countries like Denmark, Sweden and Norway are among the most equality based and promoting ones abilities rather than class privileged population. It is criticized for damaging democracy due to a major reason of the Queen retaining vast constitutional powers.
The story itself there were many religious and racial tensity in the novel as the British are backing out from this division of their sovereignty. It is fascinating to see the reasoning behind the dividing up of the county and the involuntary movement that occurs as a result. Having advantaged of one group over the other, the British had elaborated the relationship and communication between the Sikh and Muslim
The history of the last twelve hundred years has failed to achieve the unity and this long time was an evidence of this that India was always divided into Hindu India and Muslim. Quaid-e-Azam made the British recognize the ultimate innate spiritual, economic, social and political dissimilarities Importance of Two Nation Theory in Pre-Independence time: The Two-Nation Theory served as the platform for demanding a separate state for the Muslims form British India. The Muslims wanted to preserve and protect their distinct identity and advance their interests in India. They wanted to order their lives in accordance with their ethics and philosophy of life without being overruled by an indifferent majority. Most of all they wanted to follow their religion in all aspects of life.
KHILAFAT MOVEMENT 1919:- The Khilafat Movement was the political movement arranged by the muslims in british india to influence the british government.The effect of this movement leads into the separation of Pakistan From India.The purpose of khilafat movement is to possessed the Holyplaces and to make them separated from Indian.Khilafat Movement was the milestone in the stuggle for freedom. Main reason of the separation of india Pakistan was to hold majority and great number of seats but Hindus refuse to do so so the Pakistani use Religion as their weapon of freedom.As a result of which muslims started khilafat movement which become a support for muslims and they get separated from india. History:- In 1914, there had a WORLD WAR. United Kingdom,
According to Brass the political organization of Muslims as a self conscious community began in the early 20th century, when dominant upper class Muslim elite in north India sought to preserve its dominance and prevent the rise of Hindus in education and government employment, in the wake of the social and political changes effected by the Nationalist movement. It was the idealogy of this elite that spread throughout India and lead to the formation of a set of political demands by Muslim political leaders for political concessions, not because they were a numerical minority but because “of their desire to remain, if not dominance, at least equality with the much large Hindu population of the country.” Thus, for Brass, communalism in India was fostered by the emergence of a radical political consciousness which led to competing economic and political interest among the Hindu and Muslim political