Osgood-Schlatter Disease Osgood-Schlatter disease is an inflammation of the area below your kneecap called the tibial tubercle. There is pain and tenderness in this area because of the inflammation. It is most often seen in children and adolescents during the time of growth spurts. The muscles and cord-like structures that attach muscle to bone (tendons) tighten as the bones are becoming longer. This puts more strain on areas of tendon attachment.
Adolescents present with pain and tenderness over the medial border of the foot,aggravated by running or jumping sports or rubbing footwear. Clinical examination reveals a cornuate prominence on the medial side of the navicular,which may be tender and show pressure from footwear. An x-ray will confirm the presence of an ossicle at the medial border of the navicular(controversy whether a stress fracture, or a separate centre of ossification).Treatment is an arch support and modification of footwear. Acute pain, aggravated byweight bearing may require six weeks of cast immobilisation. Rarely excision of the lesionwith tightening of the tibialis posterior tendon is required.
Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Dislocation A proximal tibiofibular joint dislocation is a type of knee injury. The two bones of the lower leg connect at a joint on the outside of the knee. The thinner, outside bone is the fibula. The larger bone is the tibia.
Robert Bayley Osgood was a professor of orthopedic surgery and chief of staff of the orthopedic department in a Boston hospital. He published texts on orthopedic surgery and was an author of a 1909 monograph on diseases in the bones. In 1903 he spoke on the painful lesions of the tibial tuberosity in children and adolescents. Carl Schlatter, a Swiss surgeon was a professor of surgery at Zurich. Schlatter is known for performing the first successful total gastrectomy in 1897.
Whiplash is a neck injury that can occur during automobile collisions, when the head suddenly moves back and then forward. These extreme movements push the muscles and ligaments of the neck beyond their normal range of motion. Causes A sprained whiplash neck occurs when the head is suddenly shaken back and forth or suddenly turned hard. This can cause the abnormal elongation of some neck muscles and ligaments (distortion).
Erythema Nodosum Erythema nodosum is a skin condition in which the lower legs become inflamed and bumps called nodules form. CAUSES Common causes of this condition include infections and drugs, especially birth control pills, penicillin, and sulfa medicines. Other causes include pregnancy and certain medical conditions, including Lupus, Crohn 's disease, and thyroid conditions. In some cases, the cause may not be known. RISK FACTORS
DOI: 6/25/2013. Patient is a 39-year old male commercial driver who sustained injury while he was parked when he got struck from behind by a tractor trailer. Per OMNI, he suffered injury to his neck, back, shoulders, elbows, and knees. He is out of work since the date of injury. He is status post cervical discectomy with fusion at C4-6 on 3/12/14 and a suboccipital craniotomy and decompression of a C1 lamina due to Chiari malformation on 12/29/14.
Elbow Injuries Tennis Elbow: This injury is called tennis elbow due to the problem being significant for tennis players. Tennis Elbow is caused by the overuse of the arm, forearm and hand muscles. The abrupt or subtle injury off the muscle or tendon area around the outside of the elbow, is a major contributor to the pain that people who have tennis elbow receives. The area where the muscles and tendons of the forearm attaches to the outside of the bony area (lateral epicondyle) is where it is affected. Tennis players mostly receives this injury on their dominant arm but it can occur or either arm.
Description of clinical problem Maxillofacial fractures are usually caused by violence, road traffic accidents, falls, and sports . Pattern and etiology of maxillofacial injuries differ based on geographical, socioeconomic, population mobility, cultural, legislative, and environmental factors . These traumas can cause airway obstruction, intracranial damages, vision loss and other functional deficits . Level 1 of the AO Classification System categorizes the fractures of craniomaxillofacial skeleton into 4 anatomical units: mandible, midface, skull base, and cranial vault . Some high-energy trauma may result in panfacial fractures.
1. INTRODUCTION Open or compound fractures are fractures that communicate with the outside environment through a skin wound. Approximately 3-4% of all fractures are open fractures. Open fracture stands one of the common causes of acute health issue.
The Patient Assessment is one of if not the most important skill and tool in the in the career of an Emergency Medical Technician. EMS stands for Emergency Medical Services this is like the genus or the foundation and Paramedic, Advance Emergency Medical Technician (AEMT), and Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) are like the spices. Each of these spices has different ranges of the skills they are allowed to perform but each one has to go through one common step and that is the Patient Assessment. There are five steps to the Patient Assessment those steps are Scene size-up, Primary assessment, History taking, Secondary assessment, and Reassessment. Step One: Scene size-up 1.