Some Serial Killers have all the characteristics while others showcase only some of them. These 10 characteristics are: alcohol and substance abuse, psychological abuse during childhood, sexually stressful event in childhood, bed-wetting, growing up lonely and isolated, fantasies, preferring auto-erotic activities, developing voyeurism and fetishism in adulthood, acting out fantasies on animals, and physical injuries. The first set of characteristics relate to exposure of alcohol and substance abuse. According to FBI’s statistics, their study shows that more then 70 percent of serial killers where exposed to alcohol or substance abuse, in their home. The exposure can start in the womb as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, small eye opening, retardation, or issues in their central nervous tissues, which is a brain defect that occurs if they survive birth.
For example, the MOR agonist morphine can bind which means that a ligand can be introduced and not well regulated by the body, leading to overdose (11). Research has found that enkephalins are scattered in GABAergic interneurons, with MORs and DORs inhibit granule cells because they are in very distinct subpopulations of GABAergic interneurons (11). On the other hand, dynorphins are in granule cells and dendrites and KOR agonists, which will consist of endogenous dynorphins, decrease long-term potentiation. KORs have also been found to regulate GABA release at the presynaptic sites of the neurons (K- opioid). GABA, being the main inhibitory
Infants that are born before thirty-seventh week (premature infants) of pregnancy are preterm and are at a much higher risk of complications that result from the brain damage. Medical literature consists of a variety of other factors that may contribute towards neural damage, for example, abnormal development of the brain, anoxia (absence of oxygen) in the near-drowning situation, excessive neonatal asphyxia (refers to the situations when oxygen is absent for long periods of time or the presence of excess carbon dioxide which can cause tissue damage in the body), choking abuse, intracranial bleeding (excess blood in the skill pushing against brain tissue causing severe trauma), pregnancy related complications, neurotrophic virus (viruses that are capable of entering nervous system and infecting brain tissue, brain trauma and various other infectious agents (Levitt, 2011, p. 3). It has been suggested that the neuronal descending pathway from the brain, rubrospinal tract (RST) which normally mediated voluntary movement control, imperfectly overcompensates when the corticospinal tract (CST), which is the primary motor descending pathway, is damaged or injured (Cahill-Rowley & Rose, 2013). It is often possible that the cause is not certain, and in most cases knowing the cause and history of the individual with cerebral palsy may not be helpful for the physician or the
There have been studies that have proven thimerosal accumulates in the brains of animals after they had been vaccinated, also even small amount of the ethylmercury can cause brain damage even years later. There have also been tests done with thimerosal in 1930 on people with a disease and
Usually, depending on the severity, mild fluorosis creates white and opaque spotting on the teeth, later turning into yellow and brown in color, if moderate or severe. In an observational study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCHS), there has been a 20.1% increase of dental fluorosis in adolescents, ages 12-15, in fluoridated communities over a span 15 years (Beltrán-Aguilar). In consuming fluoride it not only causes dental fluorosis, but it can also cause skeletal fluorosis, a bone disease which causes painful damage to bones, joints, and limbs (Peckham and Awofeso). The systemic ingestion of fluoride does not provide any benefit towards the body. In adding such treatments to public water, it causes a buildup of fluoride to start at an early age, causing harm to developing children.
Unit 2 Discussion: Prenatal Development Readings: Chapter 3 and 4 A teratogen is any exposure in the environment such as drugs, illnesses, alcohol that can cause substantial harm to an unborn or breastfeeding baby. There are some teratogens that even if the mother was exposed to or poisoned at one point before getting pregnant can still cause harm to the unborn baby even if she is no longer exposed. Lead can be considered a teratogen as it is a toxic metal and can cause harm during the embryonic period. Most damages when exposed to teratogens occur during the embryonic period. Lead exposure during the embryonic period can cause stillbirths, increased risk for malformations, and VACTERL syndrome; VACTERL association is a disorder that affects
Vaping as an adolescent can lead to health issues in the future. E-cigarette liquid still contains the chemical nicotine. “Nicotine has known damaging effects: It’s addictive, toxic to developing fetuses and can harm brain development in children and young adults up to the age of 20” (Spector). This shows that when students introduce nicotine into their bodies at such a young age they can cause irreversible damage to their bodies that will hold them back from living a completely healthy life. “Propylene glycol, a chemical found in e-liquids, can irritate the eyes and airways...
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition where an unborn child is exposed to alcohol during pregnancy. The effect of exposure of alcohol during pregnancy causes brain damage and growth problems. Fetal alcohol syndrome has physical symptoms which include the following wide set eyes, thin upper lip, flattened face with a short nose, deformities of joints, limbs and fingers, slow physical growth, vision problems, hearing problems, small head circumference, heart defects, and issues with kidneys and bones Fetal alcohol exposure has a dramatic effect on the central nervous system. The alcohol exposure effects the child’s Intelligence, attention span, learning, memory, and motor abilities. Children with Fetal alcohol syndrome have social concerns.
Physostigmine in the second group, which blocks production of cholinesterase, which causes rapid reabsorption of Ach. The third group, which was control group, was not injected. It was found that rats injected with Scopolamine –were slower at finding way round maze and made more errors than control or Physostigmine group. Rats injected with Physostigmine ran faster compared to both groups and made fewer wrong turns. Thus, this study shows that the neurotransmitter acetylcholine affects the human behaviour of memory causing an increase in memory functions with higher amounts of Ach compared to lower levels of Ach, which decreases memory
V. Ginkgo Biloba Ginkgo biloba is regularly utilized for memory issues as it enhances blood stream to the brain and thus helping it work better. It has been found to enhance memory and thinking in those struggling from dementia and Alzheimer's issues. In any case, as the study stated in the Journal Human Psychopharmacology, it may not be helpful for enhancing memory in healthy
In Chromosome 11 titled Personality, I found it fascinating to learn that our cholesterol plays a role in our disposition. Cholesterol plays a big role because there was found to be a correlation between it and serotonin. During an experiment where mice were fed low cholesterol diets, they became more aggressive and bad tempered. The cause seemed to be a drop in serotonin levels. (pg.170) Dopamine and Serotonin are both
Introduction This paper discusses the two types of rhinitis which are allergic and non-allergic and how rhinitis affects the dentition, jaw growth, dental occlusion, and behavior. Rhinitis in adults is discussed as well as the effect of rhinitis on children. Allergic Rhinitis Allergic rhinitis affects more than 1.4 billion people worldwide and is the condition where the immune system recognizes an intruder which in this case is called an allergen. The immune system releases histamine and chemical mediators in response to the allergen, and the nose, eyes, ears, throat, skin and roof of the mouth may experience symptoms. Pollen in the air causes seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) which will depend on the time of year as well as the location.
There is a series of substances a baby can be born addicted to, such as heroin, marijuana, methamphetamine, and cocaine. Mothers who abuse legal/illegal substances run the risk of giving birth to babies born with addictions that can lead to Fetal Abstinence Syndrome, and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is the pattern of physical, developmental, and functional problems in infants during pregnancy caused by alcohol. Each year in the U.S., 1 out of 750 infants is born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Alcohol easily passes through the placenta
Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects the lungs and the digestive system. Because this disease limits breathing ability, it is a life-threatening disease. In the United States alone, 30,000 people have cystic fibrosis and 1,000 new cases of CF are diagnosed every year. Over half the of the people with CF are over the age of 18. (About Cystic Fibrosis) Cystic Fibrosis is caused by a mutated gene that changes the protein that controls the salt in and out of the cell.
Jasmine Nguyen 37852068 Child Health Psychology May 23, 2016 Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease of the secretory glands that affects the person’s ability to breathe over time as well as causing persistent lung infections. The source of cystic fibrosis is a defective gene that affects the secretory glands and causes them to create mucus that is thick and sticky which eventually builds up in organs such as the lungs, pancreas, liver, sinuses, sex organs, and intestines. When mucus enters the lungs of those with cystic fibrosis, the mucus clogs the airways of the lung and leads to bacteria getting trapped which eventually results in the person getting infections of the lung, extensive lung damage, and respiratory failure. Mucus