The Union army then Attempted to regroup on Cemetery Hill where they joined by the bulk of General Meade’s Union army. During the first hours of the battle Union General John Reynolds was killed and the Yankees realized that they were outnumbered. The battle was near the northwestern rim of Gettysburg. The confederates applied pressure Along the Union front so they could slowly drive the Yankees through the town. When the evening approached, the federal troops rallied on high ground on the southeastern edge of Gettysburg.
Admiral David Farragut has successfully seized New Orleans from the grasp of the Confederacy on April 24th, 1862. Two of the major opponents to the Union’s advancement in the war were Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip, which had been brutally seized from Union troops. Those forts were used to provide a front line of defense from any kind of naval assault on New Orleans. Now, however, securing New Orleans has put a serious dent in the Confederacy’s strength. Farragut accomplished this great feat by organizing an assault on the enemy forts with a daring fleet of 24 gunboats, 19 mortar boats, and nearly 15,000 soldiers on the night of April 24th; it soon forced the forts to surrender.
May 18th, 1865, Grant and his troops prepare for the final assault against the Confederacy, in a well-fortified town called Vicksburg, to gain control of the Mississippi River. Grant’s Mississippi campaign is successful so far and if he takes Vicksburg he will divide the Confederacy in two. The Union’s military strategy for the Civil War is called the Anaconda Plan. The plan consists of three steps: First, form a blockade along the coastline, limiting the South 's trade. Second, take control of the Mississippi River, which divides the Confederacy.
In the fall of 1863 General William T. Sherman started planning for the next portion of his battles across the southern states and ending in the Carolinas to try and finally end the Civil War. The campaigns and battles proceeding the spring of 1864 had been conventional warfare, hand to hand and geared more directly at the troops, ships, battery emplacements, and key military facilities. Sherman left Vicksburg February 3, 1864 giving explicit orders to destroy the railroad tracks across Mississippi, as well any facility or establishment that could be utilized in helping or supporting the Confederate war efforts. Sherman continued this reign of destruction the Carolina’s. The definition of Total War given by Hugh Bicheno a historian that
(Exposition) (NR) When the British marched into the South, Maurice Thompson said that Jackson was the only man who could defeat them. So, in January, many American patriots of all different back rounds and lifestyles, came together to stop the growing world power of Britain. Then the redcoats, led by General Pakenham, charged the American bunker. The U.S. citizens (Antonomasia for Americans) blazed volley after volley. Again the panicked British charged and their ranks were broken.
By the time Grants division get there and start shooting at the Fort, Confederates go after McClernands division. The confederates new that the first ones that shoot, the Union is trying to distract the confederates. So the confederates storm all over McClernands division. Grant then pushes back while McClernand is still fighting. Smith had sent reinforcements to McClernand (Dougherty, 2007).
This march has caused major damage to the Confederate economy, transportation system, and their will to win. This determined march started at the captured city of Atlanta to Savannah. It also included, 62,000 troops from the Union Georgia and Tennessee Armies. The troops marched in a 50 mile wide column that brought destruction to whatever it touched. Sherman 's troops destroyed agriculture, industry infrastructures, and civilian owned property; as part of the scorched earth warfare.
Hannah Allen History 2 Coach Jones February 26, 2016 The Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest battle in American history, was the first battle of the civil war fought on Northern territory. It was fought along Antietam Creek, at Sharpsburg, Maryland, and resulted in 23,000 soldiers either killed or wounded in battle. After Second Manassas, General Robert E. Lee went into Maryland, assuming that the possibility of beneficial resources for his cause excused his invasion of the Confederate defensive policy. His complicated plan split his small army. It was doomed from the start when a lost copy of the plan found its way to the Union commander, General McClellan.
This quickly prompted his attack on Gettysburg where on the first day 50,000 soldiers clashed in battle killing or injuring over 15,000. This took place on the hills south of Gettysburg where the Union successfully held their ground. On the second day they continued the battle where the Confederates gained very little ground but not enough to change the war involving 100, 000 soldiers and with 20,000 killed or injured. It was the final day where the Confederates took a full assault with 12,000 confederates known as Pickett’s Charge which was a center line attacked against the Union. The Union held their ground using artillery fire and rifles which led to retreat of the confederates while successfully pushing them back south.
First of all the geography forced the Confederates to switch from offense to defense. The Battle of Gettysburg was the first and last battle fought in the North. All the other battles were fought in the South so the Confederate’s people and towns were constantly in danger. Document A illustrates that the General Lee were tired of being on the defense and wanted to be on the offense for a change. Document A states that even though the Confederates tried their hardest they were pushed back onto the defensive and ultimately lost the war (273).
Sherman sent several distractions, to confuse confederate general Polk and also surrounded Mobile Bay so they could not send reinforcements to their confederate counterparts. Sherman’s plans worked so well that Polk thought he was attacking Mobile Bay and thereby evacuated Meridian. One of the other regiments that split apart from Sherman’s army wasn’t so lucky. The regiment led under officer Smith met confederate resistance and in the midst of a retreat, the entire left flank of his army
With the losses adding up, Mexico turned to recent standby General Antonio Lopez Delaware Santa Ana, the strong man who had been living in exile in Cuba. Santa Ana convinced President Polk that, if allowed to come back to United Mexican States, he would finish the war on terms that would be considered favorable to the us. However, once he arrived, he straight off double-crossed President Polk by taking management of the Mexican army and leading it into battle. At the Battle of Buena Vista in February 1847, Santa Ana suffered serious casualties and was forced to withdraw. Despite the loss, he assumed the Mexican presidency the next
To achieve that end, he launched a campaign in Georgia that was defined as “modern warfare”, and brought “total destruction…upon the civilian population in the path of the advancing columns [of his armies].” Commanding three armies, under George Henry Thomas, James B. McPherson, and John M. Schofield, he used his superior numbers to consistently outflank Confederate troops under Joseph E. Johnston, and captured Atlanta on September 2, 1864. The success of the campaign ultimately helped Lincoln win reelection. After the fall of Atlanta, Sherman left the forces under Thomas and Schofield to continue to harass the Confederate Army of Tennessee under John Bell Hood. Meanwhile, Sherman cut off all communications to his army and commenced his now-famous “March to the Sea," leaving in his wake a forty to sixty mile-wide path of destruction through the heartland of Georgia. On December 21, 1864 Sherman wired Lincoln to offer him an early Christmas present: the city of Savannah.
His family moved to Indiana when he was seven and he grew up on the frontier. He had very little traditional education, but read a lot when not working on his father 's farm. After moving away from home, Lincoln co-owned a general store for a couple of years before selling his stake and enlisting as a militia captain defending Illinois in the Black Hawk War of 1832, when he was 19, he followed a produce-laden flatboat down the Mississippi River to New Orleans. After settling in the town of New Salem, Illinois he worked as a shopkeeper and a owner of a post office. Lincoln became involved in local politics as a supporter of the Whig Party, he won the election to the Illinois state legislature in 1834.