Mr. Douglass was an African American. He was born as a slave and escaped at age 20. He went on to become an anti-slavery activist and ended up writing autobiographies about his life as a slave. These writings were considered important works of the slave narrative tradition, which had a unique structure and distinctive theme. Years after that he was editing black newspapers and achieved fame for his inspirational speeches.
One emotive phrase is, “we cannot walk alone.” The idea here is that the blacks need to fight together, even if they are being segregated. This is powerful because it unifies the people, who are fighting for the same thing- their freedom. Next, King uses repetition. The phrase, “I have a dream” is an example. The significance behind this is that even if black people have been segregated and silenced for so so long, they are still people with dreams.
In The Gathering of Old Men, by Ernest J. Gaines, and The Bluest Eye, by Toni Morrison, the authors follow the story of different black communities and how they are affected by oppression. In The Gathering of Old Men a white man, Beau, is found dead in a black man’s yard, Mathu. Mathu’s ‘daughter’ brings together all of the black men in the surrounding neighborhoods to say that they were the ones who shot Beau. In The Bluest Eye a black child, Pecola, is oppressed in many ways throughout the story and near the end is raped by her father. The most substantial part of the story however, is afterwards and how she eventually becomes insane from the onslaught of oppression she faced.
Tom was accused of raping a white woman who was Mayella Ewell, Mayella said he raped her while he was helping her with chores. She later on tells the readers that it was false allegations. The reason why she didn 't tell the truth at her first trial was because, Mayella was afraid of being embarrassed because she kissed a black male. She rather have an innocent man get charged with a crime than that. “However, Robinson was transferred from the state prison to Maycomb 's county jail on Saturday, two days before he stood trial on Monday, and Atticus had to defend him against a lynch mob”.
In paragraph 10 he quotes, “But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize, and even kill your black brothers and sisters with impunity”. With great emotion, Dr. King speaks on his daughter and son not being able to do thing the white children could do. He wrote, “when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six year old daughter why she can't go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see ominous clouds of inferiority beginning to form in her little mental sky, and see her beginning to distort her
In Money, Mississippi his friends may have dared him to ask a store clerk out. As he was leaving the store his friends heard him saying bye baby. Carolyn, the store clerk, said he wolfed whistled at her. Emmett Till was murdered by two restrict white men. When Carolyn told her husband, Roy Bryant, and her husband’s brother, JW Milam, they were furious.
In the book, Dead Man Walking by Sister Helen Prejean who grew up in Louisiana and had gone through a spiritual transformation and pursued in social justice. To pursue in social justice she moved to St. Thomas housing projects in New Orleans where she observe the discrimination between black and white on crimes. She wrote about her journey as she is asked to become a pen pal for a death row inmate in a murder case by a friend from Coalition Prison. Patrick Sonnier was convicted for raping and murdering a young couple, David Leblanc and Loretta Bourque with his younger brother Eddie who received life in prison. Sister Helen explained that if a black person is killed it would barely make it to the newspaper but, if a white person is killed it would be a front page story.
Douglass uses logos and a periodic sentence to apply logical details to show how worthless and what value the slaves were to the slaveholders. During his lifetime Douglass basically sees his entire family members die. His last relative was his grandma, a “very old” and “fiendish” woman; she has been in slavery since she was a little infant. She severed very little or no use to her master so, “they took her to the woods, built her a little hut, put up a little mud chimney …., thus virtually turning her out to die” (Douglass 61). The slave holders didn’t care about anything or anyone accept money and abusing slaves.
This could be related to Frederick Douglass, who fought for the rights of African American slaves after he became free himself. Despite the fact that he “was again seized with a feeling great insecurity and loneliness” (SB pg. 71) he still managed to attend an anti-slavery meeting with others and then he “felt a degree of freedom” after a while of feeling oppressed in the North and as a slave in the South. After that he “had been engaged in a pleading the cause of my brethren-with success, and with what devotion” (SB pg. 72).
These two novels portray how their childhood, upbringing, and experiences affected their writings. Both To Kill a Mockingbird and The Color Purple expose the readers to a common theme which is racism. To Kill a Mockingbird is a story that takes place in the sleepy Alabama town of Maycomb. Scout Finch the main character and the narrator lives with her brother, Jem, and their father, Atticus Finch, a lawyer and a deeply principled man. It all started when the town of Alabama found itself the spot of the trial of Tom Robison, a black young man who is falsely accused of beating and raping a young woman.
Emmett Till, a 14 year old African-American, was brutally murdered racists. When Emmett was little he had a slight studded due to polio. He was born on July 25, 1921 and lived in Chicago, Illinois with his mother, Mamie Till Mobley. Emmett went to visit family in Money, Mississippi where he supposedly whistled at a white women and was brutally murdered after. Though he went to a segregated school he, he faced little racism compared to those in the south.
In this episode we learn about an African American hero named Robert Smalls. Smalls was a slave who acquired many skills as a slave and used it to his advantage. His will and persistence to one day be free is what gave him his courage. Robert Smalls acquired many trades but the one that set him apart was him becoming a captain on the CSS Planter. Smalls found himself fighting on the wrong side of the war when the Planter was used by the confederates to plant mines, carry ammunition and cargo.
As America progressed during 1865 to 1932, African Americans have experienced a variety of American liberty. There were many hurdles African Americans had to overcome before they reached any type of freedom. The first challenge they had to overcome was that they were slaves and considered to be property, not a person. Once this was outlawed, they had to overcome the discrimination from the government and other Americans. They finally achieved some of the benefits of American freedom by being able to vote, work in industrial jobs, and express themselves through art.
She also experienced violent intimidation when a friend of hers was lynched in Memphis. Because of her outspoken criticism of lynching, whites became violent and forced her out of Memphis. She was an advocate for the NAACP, along with WEB Dubois. WEB Dubois was an advocate for the NAACP. He was born free in the north.
Then some people thought that Tom was innocent but the judge decided to make Tom go to prison. In the book it said that Mayella hugged and kissed Tom on the cheek. From this I can infer that Mayella is desperate and can get away with this because Tom Robinson is a black person. This reminds me of a couple southern movies I’ve watched where black people are always the first to suspect because of their color. Tom Robinson on trial for his life said Bob Ewell yelled “whore I’ll kill you” when he saw Mayella kiss Tom from the window.