There are approximately 350 million individuals living with DM worldwide. In the United States, the rate of T2DM has increased in individuals of AA descent with the prevalence rate escalating in the past 30 years and has quadrupled. AAs above 20 years of age are 1.7 times more likely to be diagnosed with DM than the Caucasians. They accounted for 10.8% of all individual with diabetes (CDC, 2015). A comparison of rates of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by ethnicity and race disclosed that in 2010 the AAs diagnosed for diabetes were 13.2% of 29.1 million Americans (ADA, 2014).
1. Latinos as biggest minority in the US According to Juana Bordas “the Latino population in the United States grew by 43 percent in the last decade, accounting for more than half of the population gain” (IX). As a consequence the Latinos represent one of the largest and most diverse groups in the USA (cf. Saenz 352). The word Latino is often mistaken with the word Hispanic.
According to the CDC Hispanics of Mexican origin make up approximately 17 percent of the population in the United States. They are the one of the largest cultural populations in U.S. has risen dramatically over last four decades. There are a variety of reason that lead to health disparities for the Hispanic community these reasons then lead to the individuals not obtaining healthcare. First, it was reported by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in 2012 that 29.1 percent of the Hispanic do not have health insurance. This usually prevents the majority of Hispanic people from receiving health care.
2008 election was the first in which black voter turnout exceeded that of whites. The size of the gap in black and white voter participation has fluctuated since the mid-1960s, with black participation ranging from 79% to 87% of white participation between 1964 and 1996. In 2000, the black participation rate was 92% that of the white rate. The gap narrowed dramatically to 99% in 2008, the year Barack Obama ran for president as the first black major-party nominee(pew). In the 2012 election, black turnout exceeded white turnout by 67% to 64%.United State finally have the first ever black president in 2008.
During the 2008 election African-Americans came out in much larger numbers than the previous years. The 2008 presidential elections were said to be the most racially and ethnically diverse in U.S. history, with nearly one-in-four votes cast by non-whites, according to a new analysis of Census Bureau data by the Pew Research Center. The voter turnout rate among young black eligible voters was higher than that of young eligible voters of any other racial and ethnic group in 2008 (Lopez and Taylor). African- American women and younger African- American had much larger voter’s turnout than the previous presidential elections. 95% of all African American votes went to the democratic candidate Barack Obama.
4. The change of population 4.1 The huge influx of Chinese The immigration and Nationality act of 1965 results in the booming of Chinese population in America. The number of Chinese in America was 237,292 in 1960, and it grew to be 435,062 by the end of 1970, and 806,027 in 1980. During 1969-1977, the number of Chinese immigrants mounted to 196,000. The Chinese take a greater and greater proportion of America population, with 0.14% in 1960(before the act), 0.21% in 1970, 0.35% in 1980 and 0.67% in 1990.
Fresno County is located in the central regions of California (CA). Current estimates put the population at around 965,000 which represents a huge 20% increase over the last 14 years. Most of the population growth came from the Hispanic and Asian communities, which now represent over 33% of the total population. Given the County 's proximity to both Sacramento and Los Angeles, they too suffer from a large number of crimes and death related to drug abuse and addiction. Startling Statistical Information About Drug Abuse in Fresno County, California While Trust for America 's Health reported the state of California has the 15th lowest fatality rate (10.6 out of every 100,000 people) from drug overdose, the number is quite misleading considering the vast population of the state.
At the beginning of this period, whites were the dominant race of the city. Almost 90% of the city’s population was white. However, over the decades, a large majority of the white population left the city. For example, from 1950-1990, the white population dropped by 48%. Nevertheless, the black population has been increasing steadily over the decades.
(US Census Bureau, 2011) , found some that countries divorce increase like the United States, the crude divorce rate doubled from 2.2 per 1000 people in 1960 to 5.2 in 1980, and dropped to 3.6 in 2007 (US Census Bureau, 2011).In the UK, a similar trend is observed. The refined divorce rate (measured in 1000 married individuals) climbed from 5.9 per 1000 married individuals in 1971, to 11.9 in 1981, and 11.1 in 2010(Rogers, 2011). A study on the phenomenon of divorce in Hong Kong, 2014.Hong Kong is not the only Asian city that observe a rise in number of divorces over the past few decades. Our neighboring cities in Asia observed an increasing trend as well. The increase is remarkably apparent in 1990-2000s, and slowed down a bit over the past 5 years.
There are 283,000 Hispanics incarcerated which makes up 15 percent of the inmate population. From 1985 to 1995, Hispanic imprisonment rose by 219 percent with annual increase of 12.3 percent. Hispanics are usually four times more likely to go to jail as white men, but less likely than African Americans. According to the Bureau of Justice statistics, Hispanics are the fastest growing minority in the prison system. In states such as Connecticut and Pennsylvania, Hispanic men incarceration rate is seven times higher than whites; in Massachusetts and North Dakota the rate is six times higher.
In 1994, Texas overtook New York as the nation’s second populated state. By the year 2020, Texas is hypothesized to have a medium population of 24.5 million and with a maximum estimate of 29 million. With the increase in population, there is bound to be an increase in racial and ethnic diversity. According to the U.S Census Bureau (1970-1990), by 2020, Texas will no longer have a majority population due to the increase in Hispanics, African Americans, and Asians. (Bouvier, Leon F., and John L. Martin) One of the most evident challenges that is presented to the Texas government is the quality of education that minorities receive.