According to Mary Urbanski, “Margaret Fuller is the most important woman of the 19th century” and author of Woman in the Nineteenth Century, which was the intellectual foundation of the feminist movement (3). By including Transcendentalist thought in her arguments, which have their basis with her feminist predecessors, Fuller brought the issue of women’s rights beyond the social sphere to the inner self as the focus that would change society and its institutions rather than revolution or political action. Cole argues that Margaret Fuller’s contribution to the feminist tradition deserves more recognition because she expanded upon arguments and appeals made by her predecessors, but I argue that its her unique rhetorical style combined with her
The Book Faces of Feminism, written in 1997 by activists Sheila Tobias, gives a perspective that feminists faces everyday challenges of equality versus differences, in genders and viewpoints. Tobias face many obstacles in creating a positive “platform” that woman could stand on during the second-wave feminism movement. Many activists worked constructively and ultimately fought for "role equity". They achieved accomplishments in legislation and judicial branch, which were eventually given congressional approval that secure equal protection of the laws to women. Moreover, during the second-wave feminism Sheila Tobias main objective was to end separate division between men and women.
The Ladies Association illustrated how the Revolution was propelling women into new forms of public activism. Women also participated in political decisions unleashed by independence. Abigail Adams promoted revolutionary cause in poems and drams and later published a history of struggle for independence(Foner 232). The winning of independence didn't change the family law inherited from Britain. Although the republican motherhood’s intentions were to make women and men equal they still had their limits.
Gloria Steinem can ultimately be said to be a leader of the feminist movement in the 1960s and 1970s. Her involvement in the movement shaped the way feminism is viewed in the USA today, especially considering her role in causes such as abortion, and women in journalism, specifically Ms. Magazine. While she was not solely responsible for any part of the Women’s movement, as she was part of different groups of women who “led” the movement, her influence is undeniable, and most certainly pivotal to how modern feminism is viewed today. Second wave feminism came as a response to the reinstatement of the domestic role of women as women’s sole role in a post-World War Two society. A male centred society and the patriarchy were once again being accepted as the norm and perpetuated.
The document was very scandalous by many at the times, especially in the local newspaper. This revolutionary document was one of the first to formally propose that women deserved not only more rights and privileges, but equality in their political, social, and economic climates, including the vote. Long before the American Suffrage movement, women like Olympe de Gouges fought for equal right during the French Revolution. Her position on women’s issues was considered quite radical for her time and voiced her opinion in “Declaration of the Rights of Women and Citizen” written in 1791. Though the declaration is addressed to the queen, de Gouges aimed to appeal to enlightenment philosophers and men a swell.
Jane Addams is often refered to as a social and political pioneer. She seperated herself from what society belived a women should do and created many radical changes for that time period. Many of her fellow friends, characterized as going crazy and too hopeful. But in the years later to come, Jane Addams would redefine what a women can and should do. She once said, “Old-fashioned ways which no longer apply to changed conditions are a snare in which the feet of women have always become readily entangled” (JaneAddams).
Friedan was an author, an activist, and the first president of the National Organization for Women. The National Organization for Women aimed to promote women 's ideas, eliminate discrimination, and protect the equal rights of women in all aspects of life. Friedan ignited the second wave of American feminism by writing The Feminine Mystique. Friedan 's audience would most likely be women who want their rights and are annoyed with the housewife role. In her article, "The Importance of Work," Friedan uses several means of persuasion and different types of rhetorical strategies to describe the change in human identity.
During the periods of 1890-1925 the Progressive Era diversified the role and responsibility of women by developing a workforce for women and promoting their political involvement.The role of women changed during the 1890s - 1920s,women became more important and were taken seriously.Although before the affection of economic and political developments of American women in the 1890s-1920s,they had no rights in the government,and were mainly know as a housewife.The consequence of the political developments advanced women to pursue their career and gain a better education. In “The Status of Women,Past,Present, and Future”(Doc. 1 ) , Susan B. Anthony who was a female political leader, intended that women should be given more industrial
Also this organization worked diligently with President Wilson to transcend a Constitutional Amendment of woman suffrage. The second organization was named the NWP, National Women’s Party which persuaded and worked with the president to also have Congress pass the Amendment of woman suffrage(Schneider 7). However, before this, the right to vote was not given to any women which pushed them to fight for their rights. This was first stated in the 15th amendment allowing everyone to vote besides women. This eventually caused the women to go crazy and start organizations to fight for them and the other women (Frost-Knappman
However, the women’s struggles were twice than of these new settlers; because they wanted to ascertain their identities in a new environment, and in a masculine society. Thus, Bradstreet employed maneuvering, ironic, and sarcastic verses in her poems to assuage the troubles of women, and to emancipate them. One of these poems is The Prologue. In this poem, Bradstreet manifested her feminist voice and approach in an unprecedented intellectual way. It would be pragmatic to elicit first what’s intended by the title of the poem.