Their reason for settlement in the Americas had largely to do with the hopes of finding goods, wealth, and land. As a matter of fact, during Christopher Columbus’s first voyage he not only discovered the New World, but as well as conquered territories such as San Salvador, Cuba and Hispaniola as Spanish possessions (America, Spanish Conquest). At the time on his first trip he left behind a group of Spaniards in Hispaniola in order to colonize it and find gold. However, to his surprise they were all gone when he came back. Current historians do not have a specific answer to their disappearance but some say they were killed by the inhabitants of Hispaniola because of mistreatment.
The Spanish’s interest in wealth inspired Columbus’s expedition in the first place, as he was sent to India to trade for spices. Columbus reportedly traded pieces of his ship for gold, and was given a golden mask by a native chief. He later said in court (believing he had reached India) “There are many spices, and great mines of gold and other metals…”. After learning of the untapped natural resources and potential for wealth, European nations created an exploration frenzy, with constant voyages to the new world. The nations which sponsored these expeditions would give the explorers a cut of all the gold they found, which helped motivate conquistadors to make the long and treacherous journey to the New World.
As a child, Juan started accompanying his father in the raids against the Indians. Juan also led many campaigns at his own cost. When Juan was just twenty years old, he started defending and expanding Spanish settlements in the northern part of Mexico by conquering the Indian communities. Although Juan was born in New Spain, he never set his foot on the European land. Juan was a true Spaniard who devoted his life to the church, the king and the expansion of his empire.
Levy tells the story of Hernan Cortes, originally setting sail from Spain, as he sailed from Cuba to the shores of Mexico in 1519, eager about the discovery of new lands. Cortes, as well as many other explorers during this time, was inspired by the Three G’s: God, gold, and glory. He planned to conquer the new lands for Spain, to convert the natives to Catholicism, and to obtain the riches of the land, mostly gold. Conquistador is basically a record of the last days of the Aztec civilization, as the two groups, the Aztecs and the Spaniards, clash, and the Spaniards ultimately come out on top. When Cortes and his men first arrived on the island of Cozumel in 1519, they were unaware that a complex and advanced civilization was just beyond the shores of Mexico.
People died from easily curable diseases. It is a mistake to assume that the natives of the Americas lived as the famed “noble savages” of Rousseau—there stood empires and armies just as willing as the gold-thirsty Spanish to squash their enemies and take captives and take advantage of the poor and the outcasts. Yes, European colonialist did enslave and mistreat the indigenous population, did spread new diseases, did enforce a strict social caste; but colonialism by no means introduced violence and suffering to the Americas—it was simply a continuation of the pattern of fallen humans. Along with the continuation of the human habit of exploration, exploitation, and greed, European colonialism also brought new technologies. Never before had natives seen a wheel until
The California Gold Rush The California Gold Rush; an era of hope, greed, destruction, and growth. The California Gold Rush was, in the 1800s, a direct pathway to the American Dream. In January 1848 James Wilson Marshall found gold in the American River. This new discovery spread throughout the United States and eventually throughout the world. After President Polk confirmed the rumors of gold in California in 1848 (Oakland Museum Staff), around 250,000 people came to California in seek of the soft metal that could lead to a fortune: gold (The forty-niners).
The native people wore gold and silver jewelry and offered it to the Spanish conquistadors. Philip wanted this gold for himself and Spain. As said in Story of the World Vol.3, philip granted the conquistadors a special documents called encomiendas. These documents granted the conquistadors the ability to take all the gold and silver from the natives and force them into labor. Philip claimed that he had the right to take over the South American tribes because they were not Christian like him and that he had the will of God to do so.
Modern Europe (HIS10070) Mid-Term Essay: Option 2: Question: ‘’ ‘For in truth they thirsted mightily for the gold; they stuffed themselves with it, and starved and lusted for it like pigs’. [Book XII, the Florentine Codex]. How successful was the Spanish Conquest of Mexico?’’ Answer: The Spanish conquest of Mexico occurred in a 15th Century historical period known as the Age of Discovery. Considering that the Spanish had a myriad of different objectives in conquering Mexico, each with varying degrees of success, the conquest was a varied set of successes and failures. For this reason it is important to discuss the objectives of the conquest individually before assessing their success or failure while considering their impact on the Spanish conquest as a whole.
Defeat struck the Aztec Empire in 1521 when Hernan Cortes and his army invaded and conquered Tenochtitlan, bringing the end of the great civilization. Could the Aztecs have done something before, something that could have changed the way the Empire had come to an end? Geography helped in a major way, surrounding the Aztecs with protection from Mt.Popocatepetl and Mt.Iztaccihuatl . The weapons and war strategies that the Aztecs used were very well planned and could have defeated the Spanish. Even so, Montezuma, the emperor of the Aztecs, had to ruin the victory.
“ The Mexican-American War” was a war between the Americans and the Mexicans. According to ¨ ThoughtCo ¨ it says, ¨ The Americans wanted California and other Mexican terrioryś ¨ With the power that the United States government had they were able to conquer Mexico. From 1846 to 1848, the United States of America and Mexico were in war. According to the website " ThoughtCo " it states, “ The war was disastrous for Mexico, as it was forced to sign away nearly half of its national territory, including California, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, and parts of several other current US states.¨ This was a Benefit for the Americans because they had more territory and land, but on the other hand Mexico had lost most of their land and had to find a new place to rebuild their culture. The United state had a treaty with the Native Americans that “ negotiated to establish borders and prescribe conditions of behavior “.