The encomienda system was in the Spanish territories, which granted ownership of an area’s native to favor Spanish settler or military men, then enslaved the people of those once-powerful empires (Price, pg 10). This means that once the Spaniards and military men receive their own property, they felt empowered and took advantage of it by turning the Indians into slaves. The Indians felt that this was karma because some time earlier, they conquered and expelled the Arawaks, the original inhabitants, from Dominica and some of the other small Caribbean islands. Therefore, the political system that emerged and called the encomienda
What would eventually become the start point of what is today called the Columbian Exchange started about 500 years ago when Christopher Columbus and his 3 ships set off to from Spain to find India. Instead of India, they discovered the New World, America. The exchange of animals and plants that took place after this would come to be very important to Europe and America. After Columbus and his 3 ships arrived and reported back to queen Isabel another 17 ships were sent off to the New World, the word about the far away land spread along Europe and everybody wanted to take a part of this amazing land. After the British defeated the Spaniards the Settlers arrived to America and now is when the real exchange of plants and animals would take place.
Christopher Columbus “It appears to me, that the people are ingenious, and would be good servants”. (Document 2) What started out as a journey to find a new trade route ended in the discovery of the Americas for Christopher Columbus. The moment Columbus arrived in the Americas he formed an opinion on the natives. Columbus viewed the Native Americans as if they were below him, and he treated them like slaves. Readily, he believed they were ingenious, and thought that he could easily control them and force them to do whatever he wished.
Bartolome de Las Casas had been in the military, ordained as a priest and then later became a Dominican friar. He owned slaves, participated in slave raids and military expeditions. Bartolome eventually gave up his claims on his Indian serfs and went on several voyages to Spain hoping to find new towns where the Spaniards and Indians would be able to live together peacefully and in equality. Bartolome de Las Casas became a driving force behind the passage in 1542 of laws prohibiting Indian slavery and safeguarding the rights of the Indians. He devoted the rest of his life to speaking and writing on behalf of the Indians (Casas, 1542).
The slaves seem to have been obtained like Columbus obtained his slaves. The conquering nations would enslave the survivors of the wars. As time moved forward, people would become slaves to pay off a debt. Some people came to America as indentured salves to pay for the trip to America. It is good that slavery has been abolished and America is working toward true equality
When the English started to colonize the New World, they first tried to settle at a place called Roanoke. “At the end of the first year, all of the surviving colonists get on a supply ship to go back to England.” This might have stemmed from the fact that the colonists turned on the natives that were supplying them with food to survive. John White returned to Roanoke in 1587, this time as governor of the colony. His journal from that expedition documents the increasing hostilities between the Algonquian Indians and the English settlers. In this excerpt, White relates one of the English colonists’ more devastating mistakes: inadvertently attacking and killing some of their own Indian
Europeans wanted to create a better world between different cultures because at the beginning we study that Cristopher Columbus wanted to civilize native indigenous in order to have a better understanding between the European culture and the Native indigenous. Although the way this ideas were applied it was not the best for Africans and Native Indigenous people. Also, Europeans decided to build their own structure of buildings and crops. Europeans needed Indians in order to have a better understanding of the land, and trained them to become a part of their military and to help them to approach their idea of conquer the new land. In order to achieve their goals the conquest strategies used by Spanners, Portuguese down in Brazil, English, French,
Soon after 1492, sailors unknowingly introduced diseases into the New World, such as smallpox, measles, mumps, whooping cough, influenza, chicken pox, and typhus to the Americas. People who lived in Afro-Eurasia had developed some immunities to these diseases because they had long existed among most Afro-Eurasian populations. However these new diseases were introduced to American populations that had no prior experience of them and had no such immunities to them.On their return home, European sailors brought syphilis to Europe. Although less deadly, the disease was known to have caused great social disruption throughout the Old
The American Revolution had many social impacts during the war which was first, the slaves were being bribed by the British basically if the Africans joined their side they could have their freedom not knowing the whole American Revolution was centered on freedom. Second the American Revolution separated the colonies from England and Lastly the Indians sided with whoever they thought was going to win the war in hopes of their land being left alone dependent of the outcome. Social movements are a group effort in trying to act out, change, or defy political and social problems. When it comes to social movements Tom Hayden is an important person when it comes to this topic. He has had well over 50 years in the social movement area starting in
However, they did not fare well and any written or oral history has been lost. Several hundred years later Columbus landed in America and began the first literature writings of the Native Americas. In one of his letters to the King and Queen of Spain he describes the Native Americans as “fearful and timid” and “full of fear”. He views them as easily conquered by their modern army and could then in turn become Christians devoted solely to all the royalty of Spain. With this thought in mind Columbus easily persuades the European Nations that the Indians would fall easily into servitude “When your Highness so command, they can be carried off to the Castile or held captive in the island itself, since with 50 men they would all be kept in subjection and forced to do whatever may be wished” (Columbus, 1493).
Kendall was thought to be a spy for spain at the time. This was until 1612, the governor of Virginia, Sir Thomas Dale, enacted the divine, moral and martial laws, which provided the death penalty for even minor crimes such as stealing, killing animals, and even just trading with the natives. Although, laws regarding the death penalty varied with the different colonies. After something called the “Abolitionist Movement” came to power, the movement was able to gain momentum in the northeast, causing many states to reduce the number of their capital crimes and build state penitentiaries. Finally in 1834, Pennsylvania became the first state to move their executions away from the public eye to secluded correctional facilities.