History Of Apartheid In South Africa

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Apartheid, a word meaning "separateness", or "the state of being apart “was a system of racial segregation in South Africa which was enforced through legislation by the National party, which was the governing party from 1948 to 1994. Under apartheid, the rights, associations, and movements of the majority black people and other groups were curtailed, and white minority rule was maintained. Apartheid was developed after World War 2 by the Afrikaner-dominated National Party. The idea was also enforced into South West Africa which was administered by South Africa under the League of nations mandate until it gained independence as Namibia in 1990. By extension, the term is currently used for forms of segregation established by the state authority in a country against the social and civil rights of a certain group due to prejudices. Legislation classified into four racial groups; "black", "white", "coloured", and "Indian", the last two of which were divided into several sub-classifications and residential areas were segregated. The non-white political representation was abolished in the 1970, and starting in that year, the black people were deprived of their citizenship, legally becoming citizens of one of 10 tribally based self-governing homelands, four of which became independent states. The government segregated education, medical care, beaches, and other public services and provided black people with services that were inferior to white people. Apartheid sparked significant

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