History Of Banking In India

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2.1History of Banking in India:
Banking in India has its origin as carry as the Vedic period. It is believed that the transaction from money lending to banking must have occurred even before Manu, the great Hindu jurist, who has devoted a section of his work to deposits and advances and laid down rules relating to the interest. During the moghal period, the indigenous bankers played a very important role in lending money and financing foreign trade and commerce. During the days of East India Company, it was to turn of the agency houses top carry on the banking business. The general bank of India was the first joint stock bank to be established in the year 1786.The others which followed were the Bank of Hindustan and the Bengal Bank. The Bank
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These three banks were amalgamated in 1920 and The Imperial Bank of India was established on the 27th Jan 1921, with the passing of the SBI Act in 1955, the undertaking of The Imperial Bank of India was taken over by the newly constituted SBI. The Reserve Bank which is the Central Bank was created in 1935 by passing of RBI Act 1934, in the wake of swadeshi movement, a number of banks with Indian Management were established in the country namely Punjab National Bank Ltd, Bank of India Ltd, Canara Bank Ltd, Indian Bank Ltd, The Bank of Baroda Ltd, The Central Bank of India Ltd. On July 19th 1969, 14 Major Banks of the country were nationalized and in 15th April 1980 six more commercial private sector banks were also taken over by the government. The Indian Banking industry,…show more content…
Early phase from 1786 to 1969 of Indian Banks.
2. Nationalization of Indian Banks and up to 1991 prior to Indian Banking sector Reforms.
3. New phase of Indian Banking System with the advent of Indian Financial & Banking Sector Reforms after 1991.
2.1.1 Phase I
The General Bank of India was set up in the year 1786. Next came Bank of Hindustan and Bengal Bank. The East India Company established Bank of Bengal (1809), Bank of Bombay (1840) and Bank of Madras (1843) as independent units and called it Presidency Banks. These three banks were amalgamated in 1920 and Imperial Bank of India was established which started as private shareholders banks, mostly European shareholders. In 1865 Allahabad Bank was established and first time exclusively by Indians, Punjab National Bank Ltd. was set up in 1894 with headquarters at Lahore. Between 1906 and 1913, Bank of India, Central Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Canara Bank, Indian Bank, and Bank of Mysore were set up. Reserve Bank of India came in 1935. During the first phase the growth was very slow and banks also experienced periodic failures between 1913 and 1948. There were approximately 1100 banks, mostly small. To streamline the functioning and activities of banks, mostly small. To streamline the functioning and activities of commercial banks, the Government of India came up with The Banking Companies Act, 1949 which was later changed to Banking Regulation Act 1949 as per amending Act of 1965 (Act No. 23 of 1965). Reserve Bank of

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