History Of Caste In India

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The word ‘Caste’ is derived from a Portuguese word ‘caste which means breed, race or class. The Portuguese's used this word first to identify small social groups in Hindu Society. In India the word ‘caste’ conform with ‘jat’ or Jati’ which means ‘Birth”.
The Caste arrangement in India is a arrangement of amusing stratification which has pre-modern origins, was adapted by the British Raj, and is today the base of catch in India. It consists of two altered concepts, varna and jāti, which may be admired as altered levels of assay of this system.
On the added hand, the chat ‘jati’ has been acquired from the Sanskrit basis ‘Jana’ which agency ‘to yield birth’. Therefore, Caste refers to a accurate accumulation of people, the amusing associates of which is based aloft bearing and they actualize analysis of activity by their antecedent generation’s occupation.
 There are many ways how the term ‘Caste can be defined’:

Herbert Rishley
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The analysis of so¬ciety in four varnas—Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Sudra—was abject d on the analysis of labour. Members of anniversary Varna performed altered functions (of priests, rulers and fighters, traders and serviles respectively), admirable altered dieties and followed altered rituals but there were no restrictions on the commensal or amusing relations or even on the change of associates from one to added Varna.
Later on, however, as we canyon from the Vedic aeon (4000-1000 B.C) to the Brahmanic aeon (230 B.C. to 700 A.D), the four varnas came to be abiding hierarchically, with Brahmins at the top. According to one view, varna agency colour and, therefore, conceivably the analysis of association was based on fair and aphotic colours respectively. Hutton (1963:66) believes that it is accessible that this colour acumen is in some way associated with race. According to Ho- barrow (1950:46), however, the colour has a ritual and not a ancestral

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