At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the British decided to trade with a large country full of new and attractive resources. They wanted the right to trade and do business there and they aim for it until they finally succeeded. By the late eighteenth century and by the early nineteenth century, after that the British government was ruling India and already well-anchored, riots occurred. Even then, Britain remained in control. Finally, India became one of the most important, famous and illustrious outposts of the British Empire among all its colonies.
Historical timeline for this incredible civilization started early, they were able to establish themselves well before their first encounter with the Aryans(1500 B.C.). Continuing with the Persians and Greeks1 headed by Cyrus and Darius I and Alexander The Great, Bactrians, Parthians, Shakas and Kushans2, and the Roman empire headed by Augustus Caesar3. The invasion of the White Huns began in the turn of the century(450 C.E. ), Islamic Mughal(Mongol) Empires, and other foreign power(among them the Portuguese, the French, the Dutch
Introduction Ashoka was the 3rd king of the Mauryan dynasty and also the most famous Mauryan ruler. He ruled from 304-232 BC. The Mauryan kingdom was massive in size and extended from the Hindu Kush region all the way to the Bay of Bengal. It was India’s first truly great empire. Ashoka was not only an able ruler but also brought along the quality of social justice to his already strong administration.
670 AD: Pallavas establish themselves at a new city at Mamallapuram 750 AD: Gurjara – Pratiharas rule the north of India and the Palas establish themselves in eastern India 753 AD: Rashtrakutas, a Chalukya dynasty, expands from the Deccan into south and central India 775 AD: Chalukyas defeat the Rashtrakutas and move the capital at Kalyani 800 AD: Many kingdoms are created in central India and in Rajastan by Rajputs 846 AD: Cholas get back their independence from the Pallavas 885 AD: Pratihara Empire reaches its peak and extends its empire from Punjab to Gujarat to Central India 888 AD: End of the Pallava dynasty 985 AD: Rajaraja Chola extends the Chola Empire to all of south India and constructs the temple of Thanjavur 997 AD: Mahmud of Ghazni raids northern India 998 AD: Mahmud of Ghazni conquers the area of Punjab 1000 AD: Chola king Rajaraja builds the Brihadeshvara Temple in Thanjavur 1019 AD: Mahmud Ghazni attacks north India and destroys Kannauj, which is the capital of the Gurjara-Pratihara Empire 1050 AD: Chola Empire conquers Srivijaya, Malaya and the Maldives 1084 AD: Mahipala raises the Palas to the peak of their power 1190 AD: Chalukya Empire is split among Hoysalas, Yadavas and
As we all know that Harappan civilization was a Bronze Age dated from 3300 to 1300 BCE mostly situated in North-West Indian subcontinent and in some parts of North-East Afghanistan. Majority of its sites are found in India and the largest concentration being along the Valley of Saraswati River and its tributary Drisadvati. This civilization, though being one of the oldest showed remarkable urban characteristics relevant to present day urban characteristics and was well known to the world for this. It’s known for its planned cities, drainage system and fire brick. Another remarkable aspect of Harappan culture was its craftsmanship and cottage industry which made it the wealthiest civilization in the world.
The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful empires in human history. The Roman Empire began in 27 BC when Octavius appointed himself ‘Augustus’, which means the first emperor. The centre of the Roman Empire was in Ancient Rome, modern day Italy, from which it conquered the whole of the Mediterranean region and its influence spread to Northern Africa, the Middle East, Central and Western Europe. The Roman Empire reached the peak of its power between 100 AD and 200 AD. The Ancient Romans had a significant influence in the countries within their empire.
This structure would have been known throughout the entire continent and would inspire rulers to seize it to show they held the ultimate power. When the siege came to an end in the 1490’s, Mehmed II was successful and Hagia Sophia was now his. His capture of the Hagia Sophia fulfilled the prophecy that was told by Mohammad. The Muslim lore layered itself in the timeline of the Hagia Sophia, and began a new narrative to this building. However, the lore forgets to mention the previous owners of the Hagia Sophia, therefore, we begin the start of a relationship at odds.
He is was destined to be the founder of the great empire after the Mongol’s unsuccessful conquest. The Majapahit empire became the greatest ever of all the states in insular Southeast Asia, claiming political control over the most of the archipelago. Gajah Mada, the patih (prime minister) was the most remarkable figure in Indonesian history before the Dutch conquest. He united the archipelago through direct conquest. It extended over to Champa, Thailand and Cambodia.
The first and the most classical work on the history of Assam, “A History of Assam”, published in 1905. It deals with the pre-Ahom history, Assam under the Ahoms , and on other kingdoms in the hill areas on the border of Assam, and the history of Assam from the Burmese conquest to British rule. He pointed out that the Ahom unified the Brahmaputra valley under one single administration, a situation never before achieved. The Ahom also were successful in defending their country against the
With master filmmakers like Satyajit Ray, Ritwik Ghatak and Mrinal Sen, Bengali cinema has had its own presence, producing some of the country’s best films. Has it become a thing of the past? Or, can the new generation of Bengali filmmakers strike back? As Indian cinema celebrated its 100 years, attention, for a large part, was centred on Bombay, where Dadasaheb Phalke’s mythological Raja Harishchandra — the first full-length Indian film — was released in 1913. However, Calcutta, till 1911 the capital of British India, already had a nascent film industry in the 1900s and 1910s, and was at par with Bombay in the silent and first talkie eras — a history that is often forgotten.