Preventive diplomacy has been an effective tool used by both internal and external bodies in conflict resolution. It has registered many successes around the world because it is believed that it is cheaper to prevent any kind of conflict than to intervene. The 1990’s crisis in the Persian (Arabian) Gulf could have been prevented if effective measures were taken in time to prevent it. This brings us to the main focus of the paper: why preventive diplomacy failed to avoid Iraq invasion of Kuwait in 1990? And what could be done?
Towards Critical Regionalism Critical regionalism emerged as an architectural concept during the early 1980s. For eminent regulators like Kenneth Frampton, the critical regionalism was a "resistance structure" that sought to "mediate the impact of global civilization" and "the embodiment and service of limited circles" on which it was based. This article examines the critical regional discourse, especially its focus on resistance, as a theoretical construct that led to the unintended marginalization and confusion of the various architectural trends that it advocated (Frampton, 1983). Mexican architect Luis Barragán was also welcomed as a crucial regional region for analyzing some of the most problematic assumptions and implications in the region. Kenneth Frampton entered the population scene of regional power like Personality with the seal of approval.
77). Lawrence Tribe is one who admires the modern meaning behind the law, and believes that the Constitution is not a document that gives the ultimate and original meaning of all laws. Rather, Tribe asserts that the text of the Constitution can be altered and interpreted differently because it entails much broader meaning than those, like Justice Scalia, who believe the text should be interpreted as meant by those who originally wrote and ratified it. As a result, Tribe is willing to concede that justices who have positioned themselves to interpret the Constitution by their own standard can be given more authority, however, the Constitution still contains text that the judicial branch and the rest of the federal government must forever abide
An Overview on Federalism Through the PH Debate Context The problem with concepts in political science like federalism is it’s taken for granted. When advocates and critics debate the pros and cons of federalism in the country, it seems as if it’s a straightforward issue and idea, devoid of nuances. Indeed, the need for clarification and understanding of the concept is important to raise the level of its discussion in our society. Paleker provided a conceptual analysis of federalism by delineating and integrating three theories seeking to explain it (309). The first theory called classical theory explains a legalistic point of view.
However, during this period, the courts did “experiment” different approaches to challenge these principles. The first challenge came during the First World War and with political significance. The corporate personality doctrine was ignored in Daimler Co. Ltd v. Continental Tyre and Rubber Co. (Great Britain) Ltd. to show that the shareholders were from an enemy country (Germany). Other circumstances under which the courts pierced the corporate veil included when there was fraudulent operation in re Darby, Brougham or when the company was formed to evade a legal obligation in Gilford Motor Co. v. Horne and Jones v. Lipman. (ii) From 1966 to 1989 when the veil piercing doctrine reached its peak This period witnessed the golden era of the veil piercing doctrine, whereby a considerable enthusiasm for this doctrine was made.
The critical period hypothesis is still accepted and supported by many experts in the field of linguistics and language acquisition, although it has become somewhat discredited in recent years. There has been no groundbreaking evidence supporting the critical period hypothesis in recent times, although the theory that ‘younger is better’ is still considered to be true, and this is where the ‘age of onset’ theory is introduced. 2.4 Age of Onset The theory that ‘younger is better’ is still widely accepted by experts in the field of linguistics, although this does not fall under the Critical Period Hypothesis. Further research on second language acquisition suggests that the older the language learner, the longer it takes to fully attain a language,
In the same sence that there is no introductions to translation studies fails to cover key concepts in translation so not one of them fails to mention the Bible. The Bible is the one books that has shaped Western society more than any other. While in our times the debate is probably more active and free than it ever was this was not always the case. The debate over its validity most certainly started at its inception. The beginnings are humble, the first part of the Bible, the Old Testament, was written by a people that was once slaves.
cause of his fairness, independence, and professional experience, the conciliator can help the parties understand the motives and needs of all involved. However, the conciliation process does not hunt for a solution at any cost, nor may a conciliator impose a solution upon the parties. It is notable that the terms mediation and conciliation are often used interchangeably and are accorded the same meaning, mediation. It is also noteworthy that an increasing number of countries are prohibiting the making of a legal distinction between conciliation and mediation because there have been instances where mutually acceptable agreements were later successfully challenged in court on the bases that the accord was reached through conciliation, not mediation.
In new approach to legal translation, Susan Šarčević says: "Although translations of legal documents are among the oldest and most important in the world, legal translation has been neglected in both translation and legal studies. Far from being recognized as an independent discipline, legal translation is regarded by
The quality of civilisation of a democratic society is well gauged by the existence of mechanism preventing disputes and protecting peace and order. Mere establishment of hierarchy and infrastructure with enough manpower cannot solve every dispute and render justice to the hilt. At every level, there must be a mechanism or forum to seek information, secure good counselling and assistance to manage the problems in the form of conflict of interests or rights. India has had a proud tradition in dispute resolution for as far back as historical evidence goes. It takes us back to the hoary past when Manu and Brihaspati gave us the Dharma Sastras, Narada, the Smritis, and Kautilya, the Arthashastras.