History Of Ethnic Pluralism In Malaysia

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Background Malaysia is a multi-ethnic country in which the descendants of Chinese and South Asian immigrants were brought into Malaysia (formerly known as Malaya) during the colonialism of the British (Leong 2003, p. 88). The history of ethnic pluralism begun when British colonised our country in 1726 with their ‘divide and rule’ policy and different ethnics were divided to work in different industries (Noraini M Noor 2007). Back in 1997, Malaysia is having a population of 21,665,500 people, among them, there are 60% Malays, 32% Chinese, 7% of Indians and 1% are other ethnics (Leong 2003, p. 88). According to the Department of Statistics Malaysia (2015), in 2014, the population of Malaysian is estimated to be 30.26 million, which comprises 50.1% Malays, 22.6% Chinese, 6,7% Indians, the rest is the aboriginals and others. The plurality of the population and the contrast of the economic status being distributed within the ethnic segregation, and established the fundamental underlying basis, then shaped the political interactions of Malaysia as what we can see in the current situation (Noraini M Noor 2007). Barisan Nasional (National Front, thereupon BN) is the major political party in Malaysia as the successor to the Alliance, comprises by United Malays National Organisation (Umno), followed by Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA), Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), and some other communal political parties. Umno, the biggest dominant partner in the BN coalition was formed to

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