Influence of Enlightenment Philosophy There comes a time where man must not mindlessly follow their current government and way of thinking. The time arises were men must create change and birth innovative ideas on how their society and government should function, the Enlightenment was one of such times. The Enlightenment was a period of time where man began to question his government, and to try to reform it. The Enlightenment gave rise to great philosophers who can be considered as trailblazers, going ahead of the Framers and laying out the basis for a new kind of government. The Framers drew heavily on the ideals of the enlightenment when drafting the U.S Constitution.
Introduction Sovereignty, though its meanings have varied across history, has a core meaning, the supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which an independent state is governed and from which all specific political powers are derived; the intentional independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign interference . It is likewise the power of a state to do all things required to oversee itself, for example, making, executing, and applying laws; forcing and gathering charges; making war and peace; and forming treaties or engaging in commerce with foreign nations. It is a modern notion of political authority. The state is the political foundation in which power is epitomized. An assemblage of states forms a sovereign states system.
Conventions are non-legal rules that impose obligations upon those that operate the constitution. In essence they are guidelines that dictate constitutional behaviour and prescribe ways in which things ought to be done. Conventions can be found in constitutions both written and unwritten but it is within the framework of the unwritten constitution, such as that found in the United Kingdom, that constitutional conventions become extremely important. While conventions are non-legal rules that are not enforceable by a court of law, they nevertheless play an intricate role in the proper and cohesive functioning of any constitution. The constitution of a country is a living, breathing organism, one that evolves with each generation and the assumption of power by new governments.
Introduction Constitution, the essential organizing principle, acts as a mean for a political state to consolidate, regulate and maintain state power through stipulating social institution, principle of national institution, organization of state power and the fundamental rights and duties of citizens, etc (Constitution, 2015). There are some traditional and modern classifications of constitution. One traditional method is to classify constitution into written constitution and unwritten constitution. The United Kingdom, New Zealand and Israel are three exemplary countries which implementing unwritten constitution (Palmer, 2006). This article would talk more about unwritten constitution and discuss about whether it can be still open and fair or not.
One of the main characteristics of the Philippine party system before the revolution of 1986 is its two party system. Nacionalista and the Liberals are the two core parties that compete during elections (Lande 1976, 19) However much has changed since then. Multi-party system in the Philippines flourished, as result it gave way to the establishment of different parties namely PRP (People’s Republic of the Philippines), PMP (Partido ng Masang Pilipino), NPC (Nationalist Coalition of the Philippines), Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP) and many others (Teehankee
Rafael Palma’s (1874-1939) life includes three period of Philippine history namely the Spanish and Revolutionary period (1521-1898), the American and Reconstruction Period (1898-1935), and the Period of Filipinization and of Commonwealth (1935-1946) (Palma 1953, p. I; Rafael Palma 1974, p.9). He is an excellent writer, lawyer, educator, politician, and entrepreneur. During the Spanish and revolutionary period, he is one of the Filipinos who use pen as a tool to be active in different nationalistic movements. He actively take part in Philippine politics by running as an Assembly representative, as a Senator, and as appointed in various government positions. Consequently, from time to time he shifts from private practice as a lawyer and businessman to serving various positions in the government.
Some may call it the dirtiest months of Philippine politics. Others don’t mind because they see it as a blessing in disguise. Given all these clues, you have probably guessed it by now. Yes you got it—Philippine elections. Elections in the Philippines has become an avenue for politicians to take advantage of the socio-economic status of the masses to put themselves in power.
Development is essential to be a progressive country. It comes along with creating new jobs, solving self-sufficiency, and continuous economic growth in a nation. Watching Sen. Bongbong Marcos latest interview with Mrs. Karen Davilla in ANC videos. It had stricken me the most because the moment when Sen. Bongbong Marcos enumerated his father’s works. It had occurred to me that Philippines has the potential to grow like it was once before, during the Marcos administration.
For the past years, we have had presidents who maintained a unitary form of government. This kind of government has its powers centered in Malacanang located at Manila City. The powers of the government are, according to Locke, legislative, judicial and executive powers that are mostly at the hands of the central authority. Because of this, local governments always have a rough time pleading for the approval of their projects for the improvement and sustainment of their provinces. Since the national government is the one who’s responsible for this approval, their unawareness of a province’s needs could lead to the rejection of the local’s proposals.
Still, the national government will still be accountable for country wide issues such as national defense and foreign policies. So L. A. (2016) in federalism, jurisdiction is split among the national government and local state government. Therefore, the central government still has power over local areas, but the improvement and advancement of the states will be up to the local government unit officials. In the Philippines, currently elected president Rodrigo Duterte is one who wants to change the country 's form of government into federalism.