CSM I, 99), Descartes suggests that the our bodies (human body) are composed of a soul and a body. However, Descartes finds necessary to provide a description of the soul and the body individually to better understand how these join and unite ‘to constitute men who resemble us’ (L’homme). In this case, Descartes seems to create a scenario where the body possesses all its functions, but does not possess rationality (Normore). For the body, Descartes describes it as a ‘statute or machine made of earth’ that is created by God in the image of human beings, externally and internally. In the external side of the body, God creates the body with the same colors and shapes of all the parts of the human body.
One of his key insights, presented in the preface to the Phenomenology of Spirit, is that of the identity of the subject and the object. He states: “In my view, which can be justified only by the exposition of the system itself, everything turns on grasping and expressing the True, not only as Substance, but equally as Subject” (Hegel, 1977: 9-10). In other words, the object and the subject are identical ??? "the absolute substance which is the unity of the different independent self-consciousnesses which, in their opposition, enjoy perfect freedom and independence: "I" that is "We" that is "I"" (Hegel, 1977: 110). Hegel wanted to create a philosophy which would allow the whole universe to be perceived and interpreted through the phenomenon of self-consciousness, Hegel held that the Absolute Spirit, i.e.
They all shared a main idea of natural rights. John Locke believed that all men had natural rights and they could state a person 's freedom and they could manage their belongings. In John Locke’s book, he says that “...We must consider, what state all men are naturally in…”(Document A). John Locke believed that the same species and rank should also be equal. Locke in his book stated that all men had natural rights to how they could manage their stuff.
The Cosmological Argument is an a priori argument, seeking to establish the existence of a self-existent being through the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR), in order to then attempt to prove that that self-existent being is the “theist God” (48). In the Cosmological Argument, philosophers argued that the world’s foundation is based on the implicit relationship we have with the world and one another. Their arguments can be epitomized below: (a) Every being (that exists or ever did exist) is either a dependent being or a self-existent being. (b) Not every being can be a dependent being. (c) Therefore, there exists a self-existing being, and that self-existing being is God.
Hinduism is varied in its beliefs regarding the characteristics of Brahman; some hold that Brahman is omnipotent and omniscient with no characteristics, while others hold that Brahman is a loving deity that cares for mankind and exhibits positive characteristics. The unified opinion is that Brahman is the Self (atman) of all things and is present in all things, the creator, the preserver or transformer, and reabsorber of all things, (Shah, 2013). Interestingly, Hinduism does not advocate the worship of any particular deity; but also includes worship of spirits, trees, animals, plants, (About Religion,
This is an important image in several Hindu mythologies as it emphasises the uniting of opposites. On one end of the spectrum, Parvati represents the dharma and on the other end, Siva represents moksa. The unity reflects that the two key theological aspects of Hinduism should not be isolated from each other. For instance, even when married Siva is still true to his ascetic form (Kinsley 35-52). Additionally, in ancient India, the Sanskrit term to describe the wives were Dharmapathni or Sahadharmacharini, better known as the one who guides her husband and the one who walks by him on the path of dharma and righteousness, respectively.
The spiritual aspect of Hinduism shows the overbearing power of the “Brahman”. The Brahman also known as the World Soul comes from the sacred text of the Bhagavad Gita given to Lord Krishna. The Brahman is ones deepest self, the identity that remains beneath one’s changing self (Griffen). In Hinduism, this God is the basis of all creation, and all power worshipped in the religion. The Brahman lies at the root of all who show devotion to other gods.
Why does the innocent and/or the good person suffer? The suffering of innocent people is the foundation of religions because pain and suffering is part of the human conflict, but it is recognized in religions by blaming themselves, others, or they considered it to be the way of life. Suffering of the good person is still in effect in this world from worldly events to everyday life, but is there a answer? To find a some answers to suffering of the good person, history, religions perspectives on suffering is required. Theodicy is a branch of philosophy and attempts to solve the issue of evil with ideas of philosophy.
Hindu law,belief, and rites of passage. Upanishads are philosophical texts that deal with reality and eternity. It introduces the issue of reincarnation. Bhagavad-Gita is an epic poem that is written in the form of a dialogue between the hero Arjuna and the deity Krishna. The Hindus believe there is only one true god who is the creator of the universe.
This means that the married woman has no property right, no control over her children and heritage. In response to the liberal male view that has such perception of women, liberal feminists have emphasized the concepts of "freedom" and "equality". Liberal feminism links the cause of gender inequalities to social and cultural attitudes. Liberal feminism has made considerable contributions to the British philosopher John Stuart Mill in his essay entitled The Subjection of Women (1869), calling for legal and political equality, including the right to choose among genders. Liberal feminists have struggled with sexism and discrimination targeting women in the workplace, in educational institutions and in the