One of the biggest changes in educational systems around the world has been integration of information and telecommunication technology (ICT). In concrete terms, ICT has the potential to accelerate, enrich, and deepen skills; motivate and engage students in learning; helps to relate school experiences to work practices; helps to create economic viability for tomorrow’s workers; contributes to radical changes in school; strengthens teaching, and provides opportunities for connection between the school and the world (Davis and Tearle, 1999; Lemke and Coughlin, 1998).However, many countries report the disparity between the policies and strategies introduced and the absence of actual implementation of this innovation into teaching practice. The
And, nowadays this magic bullet for education is technology. It has made the lives of teachers easier. It depends on an early childhood program’s goals and objectives, and the program’s goals and objectives for each student. It also depends on how computers are incorporated into the early childhood curriculum . Most experts consider computers are not appropriate for children under the age of three.
Australian government, education authorities, tertiary education institutions and all Australian know and recognise about the opportunities and challenges that were mentioned in these researches. Hence, the curriculum can be changed and amended to cope these issues and prepare for young Australian people in the future jobs. Improving the knowledge, skills for young people through schools can be the best way. For example, as the FYA report mentioned, Young Australian need to have skills about digital, finance and skills to innovate, adapt and navigate the complex careers in the future (p. 2). Hence, the research suggested, mandatory computing or digital technologies could be considered to implement in curriculum from primary school instead of from year 9 as the recommendation of Australian curriculum, and ensuring access to digital infrastructure in all schools and communities (FYA, p, 30-32).
Concerned that an already weak class was not progressing as well as they should be, apart from a handful of children on the higher ability table, I felt that a new approach must be sought. A recent push by the school to show the parents how classes incorporated ICT in the lessons encouraged me to train the class how to use the Virtual Learning Environment. I have had plenty of experience using this but at a previous school and mainly with secondary students. However, I felt that this may be the very way to inspire the children to practise their spellings more frequently and in a more accessible way. 6.
In addition to that, the teacher may speak or read too fast for the level of the learner`s understanding. As a result learners suffer from lack of knowledge while all the due requirements at school are provided by the parents such as fees. It therefore implies that while interpersonal communication is vital to teachers, the competence of the teacher may determine the academic progress. Conclusively communicating interpersonally is necessary to a primary school teacher as it enables them to fulfill psychological, social, influential and informative support upon learners and workmates. On the other hand it may also increase cases of child abuse, distort information through gestures and may also be affected by the teacher`s ability to communicate
The NCERT, being apex organisation in school education, has constantly been engaged in improving the quality of education through various academic programmes such as development of curriculum, textbooks, supplementary books, educational kits, teachers’ handbooks, manuals, e-resources and capacity building of Key Resource Teachers, Teacher Educators, State Functionaries. It is contributing significantly in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in schools, National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) and Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE). The National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER) launched in 2013 makes available digital resources as educational videos, concept maps, audio clips, interactive objects, photographs, diagrams, charts, images, articles, learning objects, talking books, textbook pages and documents in multiple languages for teachers and students. The Curricula for ICT in Education for the school system have been developed to realise the goals of the National Policy on ICT in Schools Education and the National Curriculum Framework .
A common sense in the international education policy supports that the new challenge for the education system was the implementation of basic knowledge of new information technology which must be met by a joint effort by schools, parents and the media, by vocational and continuing training. Implementation of the new educational reform started in primary school. The concept was “to improve the preparation of young people for work and to facilitate their transition from education to working life” (EU Council, 12 July 1982). In this direction, was also, the resolution of the Council of the European Communities and the Ministers for Education, of 19th September 1983, regarding the measures of the introduction of new information technology in education (OJ No.C 256/1, ). Following the EU strategy, on 1996 the U.S. adopted a same policy.
1.1 Peer Observation A Peer Observation is the process of Observation between colleagues within the same school that influences enhancement in their everyday work. A common element in the peer review process is the observation of teaching. Peer observation should not be seen as a replacement to student evaluation. Students can reliably comment on a number of aspects of course delivery, not only because they are the intended participants in the teaching learning process but they also are involved in all sections of the paper. Nevertheless, with careful preparation, colleagues can provide an alternative perspective to that given by students.
In the relationship between Montessori teacher and student, teacher leads students to novel lessons and challenges like a guilder; however, children usually freely choose and interact with the environment which provides stimulus enable children’s learning (Lillard, 2013). According to Olson and Hergenhahn (2013, P. 281), Piaget advocated that students should be provided chances by educational environment to discover by themselves. Instruction might prevent children from complete understanding. In addition, this theory was proved in a meta-analyses conducted by Alfieri, Brooks, Aldrich and Tenenbau (2011), which indicated that “unassisted discovery learning might lead to better learning outcomes than explicit-instructional tasks”. At this point, you might worry what if the students were not able to solve problems by their own.
They are promoting changes in the working conditions, handling and exchanging of information, teaching-learning approaches and so on. The impact of ICTs is so significant in education, this shows that ICTs are making major differences in the teaching approaches and the ways students are learning. ICTs-enhanced learning atmosphere promotes active, collaborative, creative, integrative and evaluative learning as a great advantage over the traditional method. Finally, the study concludes that despite some limitations and disadvantages of ICTs, it is still believed that ICTs are beneficial because there is a consensus that development of any country depends on the quality of education offered to its citizens. Computer and the internet are especially useful to promote student engagement in learning and positively impact students’ performance and achievement.