The Mughals who ruled India from 1526-1858, emerged as great patrons of architecture. Mughal architectural is a great historical source as it reflects on imperial ideology of the time. The Mughals drew upon various architectural traditions- indigenous Indian traditions, Indo Islamic architecture form the Sultanate period, Persian traditions, European traditions and introduced their own Timurid traditions of Central Asia. Right from Babur to Aurangzeb, architecture was used to assert power and seek legitimacy by the Mughals. Babur, the founder of the Mughal Empire, coming from the lush lands of Ferghana and being constantly on the move in India, mainly laid out gardens in Hindustan instead of large buildings.
As the settlements began to grow it dot the entire landscape of Ladakh and this process led to create impressive interior spaces. Other than simple houses, several functional built form types emerged and these included Gompas (Buddhist monasteries), palaces and forts. Major building types that exist in Ladakh are as
The Mughal Empire had different origins compared to the Ottoman Empire, especially when it comes to the influence for their creation. The Mughal Empire had no religious motivations when it came to establishing and expanding the empire. Babur only wanted to win back Ferghana, the city he had inherited at twelve years old, only to lose it two years later. He spent several years trying to win his city back but never succeeded. After the disappointing loss that would never allow him to return home, Babur decided to begin building his own empire in Northern India.
Both went through great periods of tolerance. Each empire could be seen as one that accepted people of all religions. At times each empire had rulers who accepted Hindus and Christians with open arms (Gale). However the Mughals had trouble practicing it at some times. “Alienated groups were the Rajputs (a sect of Hindu warriors), the Jats (a distant branch of the Rajputs), and the Marāthās (a sect of Hindus from Maharashtra, a region in west-central India).
The Taj Mahal was a tremendous achievement by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan. It was made in the heart and capital of the Mughal empire, Agra. Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal emperor. He formed this tomb as a burial place and as a monument of remembrance for his lost love, his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Known as the “Jewel of India”, it acts as a symbol of his love for his wife.
In total it has 22 small domes which symbolize the 22 years of the construction of the Taj Mahal. Around the building is the large dome in the center is the Crown Palace. Surrounding the area there are four chhatris (dome-shaped pavilions which are commonly used in Indian architecture); and at the ends of the platform there are four minarets culminating in even smaller domes, these structures were built at an obtuse angle outward so that in case of an earthquake-- which are common in that region-- they do not fall on the main building. Geometry and symmetry are basic characteristics of Indian architecture and they are inserted into a unifying framework of the complex grounds of the Taj
The Mughals, conquerors from Central Asia, brought with them both the technical knowledge of gem-setting and in order to cement their recently acquired power through extravagant displays of wealth. Precious metals and gems became a medium to denote the Mughals’ divine right to rule and to indicate their unsurpassable social status. To this end they passed various Sumptuary Laws, decrees that limited the wearing of jewellery to the ruling classes, cementing jewellery’s high status in Indian society. Identification of early Mughal jewellery is based on evidence in Mughal miniature paintings Portrait miniatures, the highest Imperial art form, were often commissioned explicitly to record the jewellery that they depict. They attest to an item’s importance–it provided the idea of what kind of jewelry was worn in what context.
The Mughal Empire was Muslim in religion and Turkic in culture, founded in 1526 by Babur, a descendant of Genghis Khan. The Mughal Empire ruled India from 1556 to 1707 through a central administration, sectioned provinces led by governors appointed by the emperor, and villages established in the provinces. In later years increased turmoil developed due to an increasingly weak and corrupt government, which persecuted the Hindus. This power breakdown led to British East India Company movement toward conquest of India as it sought to defend its trading posts that had been setup as early as the 1600s, mainly for spice trade. Later, some of these trading posts would grow into major cities such as Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta.
Its meaning a lot to local habitant due to the reputation of Taj Mahal related their living life in India as well as the tourist from all over the world no matter focus on enjoy the satisfied visual view or doing research here. Taj Mahal in India is one of the seven wonders of architecture around world and it is the witness