Nonviolent crimes should be punishable with fines rather than jail time, It has caused a large amount of prisons to be at overcapacity. Understand that a nonviolent crime is a crime that does not involve the use of any force. The population surging in jails and prisons all around America and the amount of money that goes into taking care of these inmates continues to expand. Jails provide three meals a day, basic health care, protection, and power/electric for every inmate admitted. This problem is getting worse and worse by the years and even former president Barrack Obama commented- “Over the last few decades, we’ve locked up more and more nonviolent offenders than ever before.
In the prison system, the elderly population has been rapidly increasing each year. The consequences of elderly inmates require more expensive care at a time when their health is danger to the prison world. Some are likely to die in prison as some elderly inmates refuse to take medication, while others are not properly monitoring their prescription properly. Researchers stated that elderly offender has been neglected due to their psychological and physical needs, which pose management and placement difficulties (Gross, 2007). Elderly inmates’ prisoners suffer from balance, agility, stamina, which can make their adaption to the prison world difficult.
Cost would be a disadvantage for both of these. Depending on how long the prisoner lives in prison, or depending on how long the prisoner has to wait to be executed, a lot of money needs to be spent to keep each individual prisoner alive and healthy. Death by lethal injection is supposed to be a quick and painless process. However, it is not 100% guaranteed to work perfectly. For example, during the 2006 execution of Angel Nieves Diaz, two doses of the drug were needed and the death took 34 minutes (“5 Reasons to…”).
The blunt facts of mass incarceration for criminal offenders in United are very well known as they house the world’s largest prison population (Raphael & Stoll 2011). As of March 2010, the incarceration population in United States are as high as 2.3 million, making them the world leader in incarcerating its citizens. The jurisdiction believes that prison has an important role to play in protecting the community against offenders and in punishing them for their crime (Foucault, 2009). However, research and evidence have shown that the use of imprisonment has many disadvantages. The rate of growth in criminal justice system has slowed in recent years and the call for prison reforms have largely fallen on deaf ears (Raphael & Stoll, 2011).
The majority of them had a lot of free time and turned to crime because of boredom and exclusion from society. The prison population increased by 91% between the years 1993 to 2014. More offenders were being sentenced over these years and for a longer period of time. No progress was made. The 1989 Children’s Act held that a child’s welfare should be paramount (Muncie
The first challenge is breaking the myth that the cost of providing facilities to educate the prisoners is exceptionally high. Many in the public might be tempted to think that college education for prisoners costs millions of dollars in addition to the money already being spent on prisons. This is because the detainees will not be in a position to contribute anything towards this form of education (Stoll, Raphael, & Project Muse, 2009, p. 45). Being one of the largest costs borne by taxpayers besides budgets in defence, healthcare, and retirement benefits, it costs somewhere between $52 billion and $70 billion dollars on average for U.S. taxpayers annually and $31,238 cost per inmate; However, cost of providing a college education for an incarcerated student only costs $ 2,000 to $4,000 a year (“Breaking the Prison Cycle”) and, in the longer term, a prison education proves to be far more beneficial than harmful in terms of cost-benefit analysis. According to a research by RAND Corporation, “a $1 investment in prison education reducing incarceration costs by $4 to $5, and those who receive a prison education have 43% less change of returning to prison than inmates who do not”(“Education and Vocational Training,” 2013).
According to (Schmalleger & Smykia, 2015, p. 241), “For the nation’s one-half million correctional employees and thousands of daily visitors to prisons and jails, good health care also reduces their risk of becoming infected from inmates with communicable diseases.” I definitely point out a great reason on why the prison health care programs shouldn’t be abolished. “Jail and prison inmates experience disproportionately high levels of both physical and mental symptomatology, including infectious diseases,1-3 chronic conditions,3,4 severe psychological disorders,5 and mild psychological symptomatology” (Lindquist & Lindquist, 1999). We want to run a safe environment while ensuring we maintain good health within the prison walls. Staff health and safety is just as important as a prisoner’s. Also, those with mental health issues deserve treatment as it will assist with their behavior and how they function.
The biggest challenge that elderly inmates pose is the cost to house them. With it being double, triple, and even quadruple the cost than the traditional prisoner to house, it puts a financial burden on the prison systems. Other challenges that elderly inmates pose are protecting them from other inmates because they cannot defend themselves and to ensure they are receiving all of their required health care. It is expected that for every elderly inmate, they will have at the minimum “three chronic illnesses” (Schmalleger & Smykla, 2015, p. 405). Correctional institutions across the country also struggle with being in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act because they have to ensure that the elderly inmates have all of the
The purpose of this paper is to examine recidivism and public perception. Every year thousands of ex-offenders are returned to prison for a variety of reasons. Many jurisdictions lack the resources for ex-offenders to have a successful return to society (James, 2011). The disadvantages of recidivism effects not only the lives of felons, but also their families and surrounding communities. Recidivism occurs when a person has been previously incarcerated, and later released, reoffends, and returns to the correctional system.
If incarceration truly worked then there wouldn’t be more inmates coming into the prisons then there are leaving out of the prisons. As stated in the article “a crime-prevention policy based primarily on increased imprisonment is at best inadequate, at worst, a clogged pipe of human beings”(Rogers) What this high turnover rate leads to is overcrowding in these institutions. No matter how much these institutions expand, it will never suffice because as soon as there is more room, they get filled with new inmates instead of making more room for current inmates. Coupled with this is the fact that the increase of inmates means more inmate per single correctional officer to look after. An examination conducted by Gerald Gaes and William McGuire showed that this overcrowding is the most influential factor in predicting not only inmate to inmate assaults but inmate to correctional assaults as
Money spent on one prisoner can vary from $50,000 to more than $80,000, more than what is spent on one student in Canada. Harsher punishments were also set for younger criminals, which affects my generation greatly. These prisons are holding so many people, and many more are being thrown in jail, that we need more jails; more money. At the prisons, young criminal offenders are not being taught how to be good citizens, they are taught how to be better criminals. If this continues, what will happen to this generation?
This act abolished parole, reduced good time and established determinate sentencing. With this act, the inmate population increased by more than fifty percent from 24,000 to 59,000. Throughout the 1990’s, the population doubled once again to 136,000 inmates at the end of 1999. Increased conviction rates were mainly due to the recent combat against illegal drugs as well as illegal immigration. The Bureau of Prisons is “structured for success”.
This has only led to more and more prisons being created which cost a lot of money. “Since 1984 more than twenty new prisons have opened in California , while only one new campus was added to the California State University system and none to the University of California system”(Davis 686). Instead of focusing on creating safer environments for those who live in areas where crime is predominant we are only building more prisons to just lock everyone up. This is not really solving anything rather it is just avoiding the whole issue itself. Creating theses prisons cost a lot of money because there are man things required in maintaining a prison running.
The overcrowding of prisons in California and the rest of America is the result of “manufactured crime”. These are crimes which have no victim yet are considered felonies and follow the three strike law. Many people do not know that there are more incarcerated people in America than any other country on earth. According to the American Civil Liberties Union “America contains 5% of the world 's human population while also containing 25% of the world’s prison population. Since 1970, our prison population has risen by some 700% - an increase far outpacing rates of population growth and crime1”.
In 2010 prisons were over with about 2.2 million incarcerated Americans, on average every prison was over capacity by 14 percent, there are even some prisons that were over capacity by 34 percent. Annually the government spends roughly 60 million dollars on the correctional system and with the rise of amount if people being incarcerated that number will also greatly rise, thus depleting our budgets as well as our society as a whole (English, 2010). Prison philosophy is of prevention, deterrence and retribution, however according to Gudaris “the rehabilitative effect of long term incarceration appears to be negligible. Most imprisoned individuals will be released at some point and will reoffend” (Gudaris, 2013). Many criminals and gangs use prisons as a headquarters to recruit new members and run operations for their personal benefits.