David Childress Period 4 11/11/15 Nash Reading Review Nash’s essay examines the development of commercial slavery in the 15th century starting in Africa up until the 19th century in America. He discusses the real way that slave trade happened that is contrary to popular belief. He also analyzes the causes and effects that led to slavery’s commercialization and development.
Plessy v. Ferguson was a very important topic in 1892. When an African-American man named Homer Plessy, who looked white decided to ride in a “whites-only” railroad car. Plessy told a white man who worked on the train that he was 1/8 African-American and was arrested for not moving to the “blacks-only” car. The reason he went on the “whites-only” car was to protest against Louisiana’s “Separate Car Act,” which meant blacks and whites had to be in different cars on a train so they could be seperate. This debate soon went to court and was argued if what happened on the train was constitutional or unconstitutional.
A good indication of the social climate was enactment of the Jim Crow law which enforced racial segregation. A notable case challenging this was Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896, Cornell Law School states in the syllabus, “The statute of Louisiana, acts of 1890, c. 111, requiring railway companies carrying passengers in their coaches in the State, to provide equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races, by providing two or more passenger coaches for each passenger train, or by dividing the passenger coaches by a partition so as to secure separate accommodations.” (Plessy v. Ferguson, 2018). The dissenting opinion was that “separate but equal” was constitutional as it did not give an advantage to one race over another (Lecture, 05 February).
This specific belief was transformed into something so cruel and intense that it even lasted for centuries, slavery. “Slavery began in 1619, when a Dutch ship brought 20 African slaves ashore in the British colony of Jamestown, Virginia.” (History.com Site 1 Paragraph 2) Throughout time, slavery became a huge part of trade businesses, and a huge part of history. Many rich farmers who owned plantations relied on their personal slaves to do the job, and if they did not, then they would be whipped multiple times, so they would be “motivated” to get the job done.
Slavery has been around for decades in English history, first beginning in 1562 spreading drastically throughout the colonies. African slaves helped build the new nation into an economic powerhouse through the production of very profitable crops such as tobacco and cotton. Although slavery mostly deals with the discrimination of African Americans, there is also an aspect of slavery that includes the mistreatment of animals. This period in history included a vast majority of animals that were bought, or stolen, by plantation owners to assist them in doing the dirty work on the fields. Animals who were enslaved did not get water to hydrate nor did they get food to eat.
Before the European settlers arrived in America even the Native Americans had their own slaves. Slavery was a very argumentative issue in America and, in fact, was the root cause of both the Haitian revolution and the American Civil War. The importation of slaves to Europe began when the Portuguese Crown gave up its monopoly of the slave trade in Europe leading to private ownership of slaves. This caused the European settlers, especially the Portuguese, to bring more slaves to the Americas directly from Africa. The Spanish were the first to use African slaves in the New World on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola with the first African slaves arriving in Hispaniola in 1501.
Introduction Slavery a system under which people are treated as property. Deprived of the right to leave, to refuse to work, or to demand compensation, slaves were seen as little more than cattle. The most well-known occurrence of slavery is that of the African people who were not only enslaved in their homeland but taken unwilling from such to become servants under European rule in the ‘New World’ (the Americas). Slavery in the Americas had a contentious history, and played a major role in the history and evolution of some countries, triggering at least one revolution and one civil war, as well as numerous rebellions. ‘Captive Africans and their descendants paid with their blood and sweat for the phenomenal expansion of human possibilities
Colonists began to build a settlement in North America after gaining their independence from Great Britain. Slavery in North America began when African slaves were brought to Jamestown in order to aid in the production of crops that would later fuel the economic establishment of North America. The African Slave trade gained prominence in the seventeenth century when African American slaves began to replace the bulk of indentured servants. Eventually slaves and their decedents made up majority of the population in some states. In fact, “New World plantation agriculture came to depend on the labor of enslaved workers…”
The reason that was chosen as a means of justification for the enslavement of Africans was an interpretation of Genesis: the first book of the Bible. Europeans claimed that Africans were the descendants of Ham and were therefore condemned to be “servants unto servants” (Fredrickson). This Biblical justification for slavery lead to a continental view, later expanding to the Americas, that those with black skin were subservient to those with white. The racist moral justification for slavery quickly evolved into legal segregation and the subordination of those of African descent. Virginia, for example, decreed that slaves could be kept, for “they had heathen ancestry,” leading to the conclusion that all blacks were inherently lesser (Fredrickson).
Although forms of slavery existed before the 1400s, this decade stigmatized the start of European slave trading in Africa with the Portuguese transferring people from Africa to Portugal and exploiting them as slaves. The development of colonization intensified the slave trade. Throughout the 1600s, more countries were involved in the European slave trade, including Spain, North America, Holland, France, Sweden, and Denmark.
The goal of the suit against the Board of Education was getting equal access to educational rights within the school system. Unable to enroll in the all white schools, due to their race, the family filed suit on February 28, 1951 against the Board of Education within Kansas Supreme Court. They lost the court case in the Kansas Court, but quickly appealed the case to the United States Supreme Court. When the case reached the U.S. Supreme Court, five cases were brought together to form Brown v Board of Education, “…Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward Country (VA), Boiling v. Sharpe, and Gebhart v. Ethel… facts of each case are different, the main issue in each was the constitutionality of state-sponsored segregation in public schools” (U.S Court). Through the hearing, the subject of separate but equal was finally being
Finally, the Africans bartered using their people and gave them to the colonists. The colonists benefited by using the slave labor from Africa. By 1865, most states in the North had seen the morally wrong side of this triangular trade and outlawed slavery. This freed the slaves in the North. Even though many of the slaves
That started Native/Colonist tension, and other notable war between these two was the Yamasee War (fought in South Carolina from 1715–1717). Later on the colonists went on to abuse of another group of people, this time the Africans. The first Africans were brought to Jamestown in 1619 (as slaves) but slavery didn’t really boom until the mid 1680’s when black slaves outnumbered white servants. Black slaves helped build the economic foundations of this nation of ours, and without them the colonists may have not flourished as they did. Even when they were ‘freed’, they were mistreated.
These Supreme court cases are related because one case set precedents for the other. Plessy versus Ferguson stated that separate but equal was not violating the Constitution, and that whites and African Americans can sit in different train cars, and as long as they are equal it does not violate the constitution. Not much change happened after that Supreme Court case, whites went one way, and African-Americans with the other. But years later that changed. After the Brown versus Board of Education case, they realized that African American children probably felt inferior to the white, so they changed that precedent, and after that case, not wanting any race to feel inferior to anyone else.
Ramez Youssef Ms. Dequette U.S history 07 July 2016 Reconstruction Era Post-Civil War, Northern politicians were busy creating Reconstruction plans for the geographic area. They tried to make the rebellious states rejoin the union and at the same time they tried to free the slaves in the south. For example, Abraham Lincoln and Johnson created nice strides to reunite the Union as quickly as doable, however typically unmarked Black civil rights within the method. Once the unconventional Republicans in Congress took over the Reconstruction the Blacks gained a lot of civil rights and also the Southern states were treated a lot of raspingly than before. Although the Reconstruction plans made