The Nordic Model also criminalizes those who traffic women to sell for sex, also known as Pimps. The most common argument against this is that the source of income is being taken away from prostituted women which will only serve to further impoverish them. However, what is often ignored is that the Nordic Model has an emphasis on creating funding for shelters and educational centers.
The reasons behind such cases are sale by family, abduction, recruitment by former slaves, deceit etc. SALE BY FAMILY- “The condition of poverty, desperation and displacement lead many families to sell a child in slavery.” (kara) When parents take such decisions they are forced by the extremes of destitution they face which they are not able to deal with. They find their children the best source to come out of it. And for that they sell their children to the traders who further sell them to big cities to be sex workers. These traders sniff out the most dejected, poor people and make job offers for their children in return for money.
Poverty among people also make women in desperate to find the job to survive in daily life. Through the hardship of living, they began to migrate to other countries. They are also willing to migrate to another country without permission. They entered through illegal means. Through undocumented status, various parties like the trafficker try to use opportunity to the women and sell them into sex work.
2. FACTORS PROMPTING HUMAN TRAFFICKING Human trafficking is a contemporary form of slavery. It is also termed as modern slavery, which is very much prevalent in today’s world. The increasing rate of human trafficking worldwide implies the serious loss of human rights and the continuing marginalization of women’s roles in the society. It is because mostly women become victimised due to this modern form of slavery.
The pros and cons in a society for a couple and the myths and facts hounding the families to commit a crime of honor in the name of forced marriage. GIRLS NOT BRIDES ‘Forced marriage is a means of controlling female sexuality and women’s autonomy. It involves coercion, mental abuse and emotional blackmail, and intense social pressure. In the most extreme cases, it may also involve physical violence, abduction, false imprisonment, rape or sexual abuse, and murder.’ (Hossain & Turner, 2000)
The Malabar tharawad had even been described as pennarasunad, meaning “the realm in which women ruled”. But one should be aware of the fact that “the system which existed was not matriarchal but matrilineal (Renjini 12). There is no clear historical evidence to prove that women exercised their rights over their property. Likewise the tali rite ceremony conducted for women at the age of eleven forced women to concentrate on domestic tasks, forcing them to give up their education. Thus matrilineal system was never favourable for female education as it confined women to the family.
In the novel, action speaks louder than characters. Each character in the novel represents the dark reality of the society. Locution and the composition of provocative verses leave gaps, which should be filled up by the readers. The character of Lakshmi is the epitome for many unknown and unnoticed Lakshmies, who are the victims of Trafficking and Sexual Slavery world-wide. Through Lakshmi’s stream of Consciousness the readers get conscious about the atrocities done to poor children and women for the sake of money.
Victims of marital rape may suffer the most long-term effects psychologically. Emotional reactions to marital rape can be very dramatic and severe as the sense of betrayal is profound after being raped by an intimate partner. This may include depression, suicidal ideation and also acute and post-traumatic stress disorder. Indian culture provides that after marriage, women should be unconditionally devoted towards her husband and it’s her duty to keep him ‘happy’. Because of this, women in India have been subjected to violence, exploitation and subordination since time immemorial.
Prostitution should not have been an option for a woman to sell herself to a man just because she needs the money for whatever reasons. Although prostitutes sell their bodies for sex, it does not mean they are always willing. My friend, who has a prostitute friend, told me that some prostitutes, including her friend, have to put their minds somewhere else to think they’re not having sex. Legalizing prostitution will only lead to more women or even young individuals, who are less fortunate, to indulge in prostitution, most especially when they will know that they can already use prostitution to earn money. Prostitution is one of the many ways to earn money; prostitution once not legal is always illegal.
It is impossible to ask for help, so the law of legalizing prostitution becomes ineffective. Furthermore, it is believed that decriminalizing prostitution may let more women have chances to work in the sex industry (Sarakadee). It has also been argued that the country will certainly get a bad reputation after prostitution is legalized. When prostitution is worldwide promoted as an occupation to attract the foreign tourists, Thailand will no longer be recognized as the Land of Smile which has good tradition and culture (Sarakadee). This may affect other women who are not involved with prostitution but are judged as workers in the sex industry.