History Of The Avant Garde Movement

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I. The Avant-Garde movement and other Modern art movements
“the rise of a purely abstract, nonrepresentational art in the early twentieth century had, by all accounts, a powerful and formative influence on the development of modern architecture.”
In the late 18th century and beginning of the 19th modern architecture was claimed to mainly involve the use of “simple, floating volumes and clear-cut geometries” (Curtis, 12). They looked to nature and tradition as a source of inspiration while also adding significant degrees of abstraction. These characteristics would later become part of the basis of most of the movements that rose out of this period.
A. Modern Movement
Though the concept of ‘modernity’ varied between places and people in the past as well as the present, its basic pre-requisites have always been mechanization, creative and experimental architects and clients and the use of new materials (steel, glass, etc.) (Curtis,33). At the same time, different cultures and histories also influenced perception and ideas. Tradition was not completely rejected, but the closed-minded and superficial adherence to it instead. From the combination these two ideals emerged the foundation of modern architecture. (Curtis,31,33).

B. Avant-Garde
The Avant-Garde was a movement involving the entire realm of art that formed an experimental and revolutionary approach. The movement focused on major reform and breaking of historical, social, and political boundaries, to the
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