John Locke was the first to create this idea of liberalism. Locke’s views influence the many important people during the American Revolution. As we can see liberalism can be seen in the American Revolution. From Thomas Jefferson to James Madison we see liberal beliefs throughout the revolution.
In 1681, William Penn (1644-1718) received a royal charter from King Charles II which allowed him to be the founder of Pennsylvania in British America. In this document students are able to see The Frame of Government Penn wrote for the new founding middle colony, Pennsylvania. The document was under a deep influence from the writings of James Harrington and was to provide a government for Pennsylvania which stated how many people could be in the council and assembly. Since Penn was known to be a Quaker he wanted this colony to be a haven for Quakers and other religious members who were always persecuted from the Church of England or from the Puritans as well as allowing the rich and the poor to have a voice in political affairs and not overrule one another. By late October 1682 Penn went out on his own to venture into the New World and would some come across an area that he would buy from the Swedes and would then name it Philadelphia.
King Charles II granted the land for the Pennsylvania Colony to William Penn on March 4, 1681 as payment for a debt the crown owed his family. Penn wrote the Frame of Government of Pennsylvania before departing for the colony, which called for religious tolerance towards many groups, including the Religious Society of Friends and local natives. As a proprietary colony, Penn governed Pennsylvania, yet its citizens were still subject to the English crown and laws. Penn 's cousin William Markham served as the first colonial deputy governor. Demarcated by the 42nd parallel north and 39th parallel north, Pennsylvania was bordered by the Delaware River and the colonies of New York, Maryland, and New Jersey. In 1704, Dutch
Chapter 3: The British Atlantic World 1660-1750 Colonies to Empire 1660-1713 The Restoration Colonies and Imperial Expansion The Carolinas 1660 English settlements mostly located in New England and Chesapeake North and South Carolina separated by crops and social differences William Penn and Pennsylvania 1681 Pennsylvania given to William Penn Pennsylvania became a safe haven for quakers From Mercantilism to Imperial Dominion The Navigation Acts Laws required that goods be on English or Colonial boats The Dominion of New England Puritans struggled under the rule of King James II
The colony of Pennsylvania and the city of Philadelphia were frontiers in many ways; they were greatly influenced by William Penn’s ideas politically, religiously, and economically. William Penn was born in England in the city of London to Admiral William Penn and Margaret Jasper on October 14, 1644. Admiral Penn was a wealthy and important admiral who served in the parliamentary navy during the English Civil War or the Puritan Revolution. Penn was awarded much land, but he fell into the disfavor of the British monarch. A close friend of the Duke of York, Admiral Penn helped reinstate Charles II as the ruler of England- who later knighted him.
When you think of Philadelphia, you may think about many things. For many of you, Philadelphia is the town in Pennsylvania, founded by William Penn in 1682. Philadelphia played an instrumental role in the American Revolution as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the Constitution in 1787. Philadelphia was one of the nation’s capitals in the Revolutionary War, and served as temporary U.S. capital while Washington, D.C., was under construction. In the 19th century, Philadelphia became a major industrial center and railroad hub that grew from an influx of European immigrants.
Callyn Brown Richard Henry Lee Life span years: 1732-1794 Richard Henry Lee was born in Westmoreland, Virginia in 1732. He went to a private school in England and returned to Virginia in 1751. He came back during the French and Indian war and was chosen to lead a troop. In 1757 he was chosen as Justice of the Peace, he was then elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1774 he was elected to attend the first Continental Congress.
James Otis had written a document “the rights of the British colonies” after parliament had passed the sugar act in 1761.Otis argued that it is the people that give power to the government. Otis also argued that if a government is found “incorrigible” , the “government should be disposed by the people.” Otis also argued that parliament deprives the colonists of their most essential rights as free man because of all the taxes parliament was enacting. But Otis did believe that “parliament has the authority to make laws for the general good of the colonies.”
One of the first points of settlement was Germantown in the British colony of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania 's founder, William Penn, was a member of the Quakers, a radical Protestant sect that began in England and was founded by George Fox in the late 1640s. The British king had awarded Penn a proprietorship in the American colonies. The proprietorship made him the owner of a large section of land in the new colony and gave him the authority to create the government and make the laws. Penn set out to establish a holy commonwealth, characterized by peace, brotherly love, and religious
Description The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. William Kelso says Jamestown "is where the British Empire began ... this was the first colony in the British Empire."[2 ] Established by the Virginia Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 (O.S., May 14, 1607 N.S.), and considered permanent after brief abandonment in 1610, it followed several earlier failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Jamestown served as the capital of the colony for 83 years, from 1616 until 1699.
No main religious goal; freedom of religion. It became governed in 1775, which made it a Proprietary Colony. The final colony in the Middle Colonies was The Delaware Colony. It was founded by Peter Minuit in 1638. The Middle Colonies were infamous for the Sugar Act and The Stamp Act of 1765 which forced taxation on all colonists.
Benjamin Franklin started to have an active interest for politics in the 1750s. He went to England in 1757 to represent Pennsylvania in its fight with the Penn family over who should represent the colony. He also remained in England from 1775 as a colonial representative for Pennsylvania, but also Georgia, New Jersey, and Massachusetts, which is pretty impressive. In 1775. Franklin was surprised to America 's opposition to the Stamp Act.
Describe the workings of the colonial assemblies. How did these assemblies operate with the understanding of salutary neglect? (105-106) Rich colonists made up the colonial assemblies wherein they also helped on producing policies for the legislation Gave their opinions to the governor in the intention of controlling the colonies and effectively gain profits Held votations in order to appoint people into the assembly With the advancement that trading had done in their economy, the government softened with the imposement of laws 13. What was done to protect the mercantile system by England and explain the colonists’ reactions.
Pennsylvania, chartered in 1682, was a colony with the goal of religious freedom, successful economy, ethnic and racial diversity. Pennsylvania was the meeting point for many conventions and signings throughout history, especially during the time of the American Revolution. Many leaders from this colony contributed greatly to America and what it is today, despite some resistance from other significant figures. As a whole, Pennsylvania was in agreement with uniting with the other 12 colonies and ratifying the Constitution due to Philadelphia’s large role as a central city for conventions in addition to many valued pro-independence political figures coming from this colony. Pennsylvania was founded on the basis of equality and justice.
New England and the Middle Colonies are 2 Colonies that are total opposites from each other, but do have some similarities. New England had no religious freedom because if you were not puritan then you could not live there. On the other hand, the Middle Colonies did have religious freedom, you could be a Quaker, Lutheran, Jewish, Catholic or French and a lot more as well. New England and the Middle Colonies share some similarities based on religion and other things as well. Some similarities were that the church was an important part of both New England and Middle Colonies towns.