History Of The Treaty Of Guadalupe Hidalgo

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By September 1847, American troops had captured Mexico City after winning a series of hotly contested battles. The Mexicans still refused to surrender. With the American army went a special envoy, Nicholas Trist, who unauthorized to deliver Polk’s terms of peace. Therefore, in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which signed on February 2, 1848, Mexico ceded its northern provinces of California, New Mexico (included today’s Arizona, Utah, Nevada and part of Colorado) and accepted the Rio Grande as the boundary of Texas. The United States was to pay Mexico $15 million and assume up to $3 million in Mexican debts to American citizens. When Trist returned to Washington with the treaty, Polk was outraged. H e had actually recalled Trist after Scott’s

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