A History of the World in 6 Glasses by Tom Standage is not the typical history read that one might expect. To some who find reading history books quite tedious and overwhelming, this book is for you. Standage divides his book into 6 main sections via beverages: Beer, Wine, Spirits, Coffee, Tea and Coca-Cola. These drinks, which all started as a form of medicine, not only have great affects on today’s social culture but have also affected the historical spread of technology, religion, exploration, trade, slavery, and noteworthy worldwide events that changed society. As Standage describes it, Beer was a representation of both liquid wealth and health during the early civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia.
The type of drink you drank whether it is wine or beer could determine if you were of the elite. Beverages were often drank to seal business deals and treaties, which meant a lot in the beginning of history. A History of the World in 6 Glasses provides me with the most significant beverage and least significant beverage in my opinion. Although wine was somewhat rare and usually only available to the richest, elite people, I believe wine was the most significant beverage listed in A History of the World in 6 Glasses. The most fascinating thing to me was how many of the kings would host parties and serve wine to guests.
After reading "A History of the World in Six Glasses" by Tom Standage I found beer the most interesting beverage discussed in his book. I thought it was fascinating how the location and events of the first civilizations played a role in the discover of beer. I was also intrigued by the effects that beer had on the political, economic, and social aspects of these new civilizations. "The event that set humankind on the path towards modernity was the adoption of farming…" (Standage Pg.2) also known as the agricultural revolution. Some anthropologists have even suggested beer was one of the factors that played into the adoption of agriculture.
This is because alcohol is used in an effort to regulate the quality of affective emotional state. It works by either enhancing positive emotions or reducing negative emotions or that it can be applied in both ways. There is an association between depression and alcoholism although not necessarily biologically. The level of anxiety that is implicated in this case has inconsistency in findings (Steele & Josephs, 1988). Sometimes it is reduced (e.g., Sher & Levenson, 1982), sometimes it is increased (e.g., Ewing & McCarty, 1983) and the other times it has no effect on anxiety (e.g., Thyer & Curtis, 1984).
What is unique about Gootenberg’s book is that it represents one of the first and most accurate archival-based work on the influence of cocaine based on various academic sources as well as primary materials such as medical journals, drug agency reports and Amazonian land records. The objectivity of the story that is told could be found in the several different points of view the author provides to the reader: apart from his own personal opinion rarely noticeable when reading the book, Andean Cocaine is a story told not only by looking at a global perspective, but it is also focused on the local context on how cocaine has influenced the Andean region. Many parts of the book, in fact, make reference to how the coca plant was essentially used by indigenous tribes specifically for medicinal and ritualistic purposes before its marketisation in the Western
The speaker used many familiar phrases that have to do with departure. Such as, “farewell, so long, goodnight, adieu, bye-bye, and ta-ta.” All of these are used because the speaker is saying his goodbyes to the alcohol that was once dominant in his life. The speaker also uses many names of alcoholic beverages. “Whiskey, beer, booze, brandy, wine, vodka, gin, rum, and vermouth.” He included these names to emphasize the fact that he was possibly an alcoholic or maybe slightly addicted in the past to these beverages. Barton Sutter enlightens the reader with a “new birth”.
Alcohol “a colorless volatile flammable liquid that is the intoxicating constituent of wine, beer, spirits, and other drinks, and is also used as an industrial solvent and as fuel.” Over a certain amount of time, consuming alcohol modifies the equity of a few chemicals in your brain, which is what cause problems with extreme usage of this poisonous beverage. Alcohol also increase the levels of dopamine, creating people to feel satisfied from drinking it. Needless, long-term drinking can lessen or increase the levels of particular chemicals, provoking your body to cry out for alcohol to reestablish favorable feelings or to sidestep pessimistic feelings. In Drinking Games by Malcolm Gladwell, the Italian and Irish Americans, drinking habits were similar yet different. There was one important component, as to why the Italians had a distinct outcome that the Irish did not have from their alcohol consumption manners.
This made their lives difficult. Another reason why their life was complicated is, their personal hygiene wasn’t the most impressive, they only washed themselves twice a year. Personal hygiene was better than the perception. Let alone peasants didn’t have much options to what they got to eats. Most of the time in the Medieval ages people enjoyed drinking beer, ale, and sometimes water.
1. The use of wine differed from beer in ancient Greece and Rome because beer was for the common people and wine for the high society people. Beer was used as a source of barter and was considered an important food source. 2. Greeks used wine because it was their drink of choice when the water quality couldn 't be guaranteed, a social lubricant, used in games at gatherings, and for making vinegar.
Alcohol is a sedative drug that affects the nervous system and can help you in so many ways. Many people are always so quick to downcast alcohol, but do not know the pleasing effects of it. For those reasons the drinking age should be dropped to 18. Drinking is wonderful for your health in several ways. Alcohol in fact can keep human brains alive.
Also another way the reader can connect to the text is through the excerpts included from philosophers quotes, poems, and proverbs that show first person perspective on the topics. For example when Standage writes about the philosophy on drinking in ancient Greece he uses a quote from a Greek philosopher. “Wine reveals what is hidden” Eratosthenes (62.) By including this quote, the reader is shown the perspective people of the time had on wine. It was not just a drink but had the power to test ones character and reveal secrets when greek men gathered to drink in a symposion.
Aqua vitae’s proponents believed it could preserve youth, Could be a drink or applied externally to affect the part of the body. Dashee/bizy: It soon became customary for Europeans to present large quantities of alcohol as a gift before beginning negotiations with African tribes. The Europeans and Africans conversed in a pidgin language so they can get strong liquor .Following the invention of a powerful new drink made from the waste products of the sugar-production process itself. That drink was