The veil represents the African American’s feelings of inequality and inability to mesh with the white American citizens. However, the black citizens weren’t the only ones having trouble adjusting. The white citizens still looked at African Americans as “different” because of the color of their skin. Laws known as the Black Codes still restricted African Americans. These laws were passed by southern states in 1865 and 1866 to restrict African American’s freedom and forced them to work low income jobs.
Throughout the period of the Reconstruction, the northerners and southerners viewed and treated blacks differently. For example, the southerners did not have any respect for blacks at this time and treated them terribly. The Southern Black Codes were significant in defining the rights of the freedmen and many of the rights were restricted due to these specific codes. The codes prevented blacks from achieving their own occupation, from voting, and the codes limited any freedom that the individual may have. The blacks had no rights as a citizen due to the southern rules.
In the novel “Roll of Thunder,” Papa says to Stacey, “Far as I’m concerned friendship between black and white don’t mean much cause it usually ain’t on an equal basis.” His statement denotes that although people may believe that the two races could be friends the laws separating them mean they would never have a true and equal friendship. The history of black slavery demonstrates how they were thought of as less human and therefore treated accordingly. Although slavery was abolished, the generational racism and the beliefs of people who thought blacks were less human meant that they were avoided and segregated by the Jim Crow’s Laws that were specifically put in place to divide the two races. Black slavery began in 1619 and ended in 1865 after the Civil War. The two centuries of slavery helped develop the white’s opinion about black people.
The story “Fences” reflected the experiences of African Americans in the 1950’s. “Fences” demonstrated how there was segregation between white and black people surrounding racism, discrimination and the restrictions that African Americans were bound to. In the 1950’s the Civil Right Movement begun. African Americans fought to have the same and equal rights as white Americans. There was a lot of racism in the 1950’s and African Americans were treated as low class citizens, superior to the white American.
Once African Americans were sent off with their freedom, former slaves were left on their own with little more then what they were allowed to take. Due to the racist attitudes that were rampant in the South, it was nearly impossible to find anything but low paying, unskilled jobs for anyone who wasn’t white. Because blacks needed work and plantation owners had vacant land an arrangement was placed in order to meet a questionably mutual benefit, sharecropping. Sharecropping was an agreement between former slave and former slave owners; that in exchange for a share of land and shelter, at a very high rate of interest, the landowner would receive a portion of the harvest made by his land. Although this was a system that functioned for a short time when it was most needed, the high interest rates thrown to the former slaves that suffered from them made the debt nearly impossible to repay, yet again leaving the African Americans under control of the white race.
This could also mean he generally believed in segregation as a part of his life and has accepted a “powerful lens of race” (Freeman, 2003) that “ create false assumptions that may result in serious harm to members of some racial and ethnic groups” (Freeman, 2003). This also refers as racial profiling. The assumption made for African American and Cuban hindered Ruiz from going forward to his dream of becoming a physical therapist. As said, “Blacks, especially black Cubans, lack economic and political power and resent the white Cubans who have so much of both. Steadily, relentlessly, the problems of Miami's poor have become Mr. Ruiz's, too” (Ojito, 2000).
Pertaining to the rights of African Americans a new south did not appear after the reconstruction. While they were “free” they were often treated harshly and kept in a version of economic slavery by either their former masters or other white people in power. Sharecropping and the crop-lien system often had a negative impact on both the black and white tenants keeping them in debt with the owner. Jim Crow laws, vigilantes and various means of disfranchisement became the normal way of life in the South. It was believed that white people were superior to black people and when they moved up in politics or socially they were harassed and threatened.
In the social class division in America, there has always been a weakling at the bottom, struggling to survive. African Americans, in this case were thrown into a ditch, where they were isolated from society, stripped of their basic rights as U.S. citizens, which is what the Civil Rights Movement fought to give them: equal access to opportunities in America. In the 1960s racial oppression continued to give struggles to Blacks, which led to protests to create black political and cultural institutions that repressed their heritage. The main issue that is still being fought for to this day is police brutality and racial profiling, which has caused 1,147 deaths; 25% of those being African American. Although the movement to end discrimination between races has not ended, famous musicians and artist continue to release music based on their own thoughts on these issues.
African Americans were not given these rights; they were segregated, judged, and treated inhumanely. Society didn’t accept them, they were seen outcasts essentially everywhere in the U.S., and the government was afraid of them. Between 1800 and 1860, things were bleak and gloomy. Free blacks in the North faced limited freedoms and a variety of restrictions, politically, socially, educationally/economically, and religiously; however, the restrictions outweighed any possible freedoms they had. One of the many limited rights African Americans had was political, specifically suffrage and jury.
In Conclusion, during the 1960s the social situation of black Americans played a huge role in limiting their opportunities in in the American society. They were unfairly treated within this time just because of the ideals that black people were inferior to white people. The ideals of the white people and the segregation they had in many different ways played a huge role in keeping it so that the black people during this time would be kept under whites. With the circumstances the black people lived in it made it impossible for any black Americans to have access to more
Although African Americans were freed years before the party was established, the Black Panthers felt as if they were still enslaved and were victimized by white racism in much of the same way (“The Black Panther Party Fights for Equality.” 123helpme.com 22 Apr 2016 http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=42592.) They continued to be targeted by white brutality and sometimes strained to living in deplorable housing. Most members of the Black Panthers remained with limited education. They were also on the bottom of the industrial chain. The continuance of these problems had a disastrous effect on African Americans and their families.
Laws in the southern states kept the African Americans from growing economically, socially and educationally. Keeping African Americans separate and not treating them equally lead to even more discrimination later. After reconstruction, African Americans were in as much danger as when they had been as slaves, sometimes even more. Reconstruction
Introduction In this paper I intend to look at racism and the ethical issues that came into motion for the African American population. I will look at why African Americans are less likely to be medically treated, how the their rights as clients were often not looked at when deciding how to treat or use the information gathered from the African American population, and what the long term effects were from the Henreietta Lachs case. Ethical Issues Not in the too distant past, African American patients often had less than equal care to their white counter parts. Segregation was an often-used way to keep the races apart and was used in all parts of the world that we see. For African American people, they were often afraid
Furthermore, I found out that the New Deal established racially segregation causing whites and blacks to rarely work in the same environments in New Deal programs. During this time period, Northern States and Southern States followed different laws in terms of African Americans. According to the reading, “large majority of African Americans living in the south lacked the civil and political rights of citizens.” Despite living in a partially liberal society, African Americans faced adversity in the Southern States. Blacks lacked recognition as citizens due to the idea of inferiority that Whites