The judges were chaired by Georg Neithardt, who had been a judge of Hitler at another incident before. Except for Neithardt, who tended to be lenient towards right-wing defendants who claimed to have acted out of sincere, patriotic reasons, the judges were pro-Nazi. At the trial, Hitler got a chance to broadcast his views, as every word he spoke was being published. He claimed to have acted out of selfless devotion and for the good of the people and took all responsibility for the coup. Explaining his reasons, he declared that the government was treacherous for signing the Treaty of Versailles, which many Germans agreed on, and explained that the clear communist threat in Germany had to be eliminated.
The Treaty of Versailles was far from perfect, but some of the biggest faults were forcing Germany to take the blame for the whole war, demanding they give up all of their colonies and decrease the size of their military, and paying reparations to the Allies. This flawed treaty also attributed to the start of World War II. In part eight of the treaty the blame of World War I is discussed. “Part VIII – Reparations – Section I: General Provisions – Article 231. The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies” (Kirchberger 365).
It led to American banks withdrawing their loans from Germany, and the already struggling German economy collapse overnight. Hitler took advantage of the people’s anger, offering them convenient scapegoats and a promise to restore Germany to their former greatness.” (Gendler Alex, Hazard Anthony, How did Hitler rise to Power?, YouTube). This overwhelming event, strengthens Hitler’s support with people calling for a stronger leader that will not let Germany down but put Germany to their former
In Dan van der Vat 's novel, The Good Nazi, the author displays Albert Speer 's human element with an inspective tone. The tone helps to display Albert Speer’s feelings towards the party all throughout the biography. Later after the war, Speer stated, “He had accepted Hitler’s commands and must share the responsibility for their consequences” (304). Here Speer wants to show that although he was only following orders, he shows remorse and deserves punishment. The tone helps to make him seem remorseful and accepting of a punishment.
The structionalists’ side of the argument is further contributed by Gretchen E. Schafft in her book Racism to Genocide. While, all other sources that have been mentioned argue points to show how the scientists are not totally accountable. Gretchen opposes their arguments and confirms that the scientists are to be held accountable for the deeds committed during the war. Gretchen mentions throughout her book that the German scientists informed the Nazi Political views and help shape the German Reich to form rational, unified homogenous state . Gretchen states, that while Hitler was fighting for power, he found ideas that he needed already in place.
In order to compel the Allies to reduce Germany 's war reparations of the First World War, the German government vigorously cut in public spending. While in doing so, the consequences are a large number of unemployment and deflation. In the meantime, a large number of unemployment and deflation created conditions for the Nazis came to power. This is one of the most eminent financial crisis happened in the history of Germany in 1923. The disaster of hyperinflation was indirectly caused by the symbol of the end of the First World War, namely the Versailles Treaty.
This was in large part due to the complaints of George Clemenceau about the treaty’s original leniency. Germany after the signing of the treaty would be changed forever as it would face crippling restrictions and sanctions as well as massive amounts of reparations, as well as large hunks of Germany’s original territory being divided amongst Britain, France, and U.S.A. Massive reparations were placed on Germany as a result of the biased treaty, these reparations served to not only cripple Germany but grant the members of the Triple Entente monumental bonuses by taking from the formerly rich and powerful Germany, ultimately turning the country into a mere shadow of its formal self. In total the reparations ended up costing Germany 6.6 billion Euros, at the time that was enough money to bankrupt an entire country. The cost of a loaf of bread in 1919 changed from 250 marks to 200,000 marks almost
This was all over the world. Different countries were left out of the Versailles treaty and this made them feel that they never received an equal share of the treaty. This fact led to self interest in countries proving that they were the top leaders (Kershaw, 2000. Germany and some parts of Europe preached and advocated for Nationalism and Fascism with the party building its empire on extreme nationalism. Fascism kept on promising people the restoration of their economy and this was one of the factors that popularized Hitler, Mussolini and many others as nationalists with the mind of their countries looking forward to see great improvement in their economy.
Appeasement was a policy adopted by Britain during the 1930s. This policy developed from the growing belief that some countries, especially Germany, had been unfairly treated in the peace settlement of 1918-1919.It is the name given to the French and British policies during the 1930s intended to end war by giving in to Germany, Japan, and Italy’s demands; on matters generally to be of substantial, if not vital, interest to the powers making the demands between 1935 and 1939. When Germany began to demand aggressively that some terms in the Versailles treaty should be taken out, some people argued that this was only right. If their unfair act could be settled by negotiation, it would avoid the need for the aggression. Once Germany was "appeased" in this way, they would act in the same way as others in foreign affairs.