Rand’s story ultimately leads to the conclusion that a society in which people lives collectivism is under strict planning and control. The collectivist society barred the individuals experience to develop their own thinking. Ayn Rand, introduces both cases to the narrative to show you the difference of both, but she ultimately believes that rational egoism is the way to live. Rational egoism cares oneself and promotes self interest. This is where Equality 7-2521 is freed from collectivism and introduced to a new political philosophy called rational egoism.
Thomas Paine opposes the ideology of government, stating that, “Society in every state is a blessing, but government even in its best state is but a necessary evil,” (Paine 3). Essentially, the purpose of government is to protect people from preforming vices, and defend their natural right to Locke’s ideology of life, liberty and property. Without government, coercion would occur, and destroy one’s ability to express their natural rights. For America, Paine believes that the establishment of a strong fundamental government could allow for the cohesion of citizens to form a society respected by other nations
Montesquieu’s and Rousseau’s ideas of enlightenment were also incorporated in the document. The idea of the separation of power comes from The Spirit of Laws, a book written by Montesquieu to promote liberty and prevent tyranny. His theory of dividing political power and being shared equally among a variety of classes were important in order to prevent the abuse of power. It establishes that all men are to be created equal. Written by Jean-Jacque Rousseau, The Social Contract contributes on the concept of the general will and popular sovereignty .
Artificial equality would be the result of this statement by Madison, “ Justice is the end of government. It is the end of civil society. It ever has been and ever will be pursued until it be obtained, or until liberty be lost in the pursuit.”(Federalist 17) Rousseau believed strongly in free choice and in the Federalist Papers it is shown that it is very difficult to establish a government that is stable and will not threaten the liberties of the people. Overall Rousseau believed that the people should be left to create their own natural equality and inequality through their use of liberty while the Federalist Papers focused on how the government could accomplish the same task. The motives were similar yet their plans to create this ideal society
He asserts that as a whole, the colonies have the ability to succeed without attachment to Britain, and this is the time to fight the royal force. Paine’s argument perfectly captures the betrayal felt amongst the colonists and appeals to his audience. To reinforce his reasoning on separation, Paine uses various analogies and examples to exaggerate his comparisons. For example, in the opening line of the pamphlet, Paine declares “Society is produced by our wants, and government by our wickedness” (47, Larkin). He distinctly outlines the purpose of government to protect the people and uses an example of individuals settling on land unconnected from the rest of the world.
The Declaration of Independence states, “--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…”. In the article Why Government, it states, “But Locke also believed that governments should protect people’s natural rights.” Both of these quotes show that the purpose for creating government, is so that the protection of the natural rights of the people is ensured. Also, the idea that these fair powers are just what Men (human beings) are receiving and what they should receive from the creation of governments. Both of these quotes combine with each other, because of the pinpointed idea of how the government was created in order to benefit to the natural rights of the people, and to protect these
After observing numerous governments, he concludes that people should only be governed by the Sovereign, a body with one collective will. In any other system, the people give up their freedom without any reason; it should be created only if all agree to it. The social contract would exist for the purpose of self-preservation, pushing the common will of the Sovereign. To convince his audience of these complex ideas, Rousseau must stay organized and be intentional in his rhetorical
Locke is a founder of the Common Sense pamphlet. He believed in government ruled by people. “He expressed the radical view that government is morally obliged to serve people, namely by protecting life, liberty, and property. He explained the principle of checks and balances to limit government power. He favored representative government and a rule of law.
In 1894 Orwell creates a totalitarian government with various branches that have ironic names to manipulate the party members. The Ministry of Love does not give affection, as one may assume, but as a matter of fact, does the complete opposite. This ministry is in charge of law and order, and this is where they torture political prisoners. In the Ministry of Love, they manipulate the Party members through the use of telescreens; television like devices that can be found in every room of every Party member. They can not be turned off and the Thought Police can plug into it at anytime to make sure no crime is being committed and to broadcast at the same time (Symons 110).
As Jefferson goes on, he explains that when the American nation feels that these natural rights have been violated by a leader that it is their duty to secede from that particular power and institute the government that will better serve them. In this paragraph, we see two various forms of rhetorical devices including parallelism and allusion. Parallelism can be seen when the document states, “We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.” The word “that” is what makes the sentence parallel since it is repeated to ensure the sentence flows smoothly, as well as making emphasis on what is self-evident. Secondly, we see again the use of allusion when a reference to “their Creator” is mentioned. Again, the reference to God is a figure that both the American and British citizens hold in high regard as the document is stating that their are certain rights men are “endowed”