Myeloproliferative Neoplasms “Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN) are group of diseases that cause the bone marrow to create too many red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets.” Normally, the bone marrow would make immature blood cells, or blood stem cells, that would develop into a myeloid or lymphoid stem cell. The lymphoid cell would develop into a white blood cell, and the myeloid cell would develop into either a red blood cell, platelet, or a white blood cell. The white blood cells fight disease and infection, the platelets clot the blood, and the red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body. Dysfunction of these cells is caused by the overdevelopment of one of the others.
a. Phyllodes tumor is a rare fibroepithelial neoplasm of the breast. ”(2) They are similar to fibroadenomas, however given their ability to metastasize and their high level of local recurrence it is important to distinguish between the two.(1,2,6) Phyllodes tumours are” characterized by “leafy stromal fronds capped by benign bilayered epithelium. ”(1)
Elbow Injuries Tennis Elbow: This injury is called tennis elbow due to the problem being significant for tennis players. Tennis Elbow is caused by the overuse of the arm, forearm and hand muscles. The abrupt or subtle injury off the muscle or tendon area around the outside of the elbow, is a major contributor to the pain that people who have tennis elbow receives. The area where the muscles and tendons of the forearm attaches to the outside of the bony area (lateral epicondyle) is where it is affected. Tennis players mostly receives this injury on their dominant arm but it can occur or either arm.
The Chesapeake’s culture and beliefs were different in many ways. The Chesapeake norms were different from English social norms, which resulted in an unstable region. With the difference between the two cultures, led to relatively ambiguous gender roles for women in the Chesapeake (Berkin, 6). In order to understand the relationship between the men and women in the Chesapeake, one would say it is common for men and women to both marry more than once throughout their lifetime (Berkin 5).
The Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1) is the causative agent of 2009 is the epidemiological outbreaks to be examined. The causative agent was the new H1N1 virus. On April 15, 2009, the H1N1 virus was first identified in a 10 year old in California and a second child, 8 years old, was confirmed two days later living 130 miles away from the first identified source. The CDC (Center for Disease Control) tested both viruses obtained from the children infected and concluded the viruses were “similar and different from viruses seen in humans and animals”. Unknown at this time whether the spread of the H1N1 was by human to human contact or from animal to human contact.
Gynecomastia (Breasts on a Man) Men have breasts but with minimal glandular tissue present. Gynecomastia refers to the development of female-quantity breast glands in the male patient. Most cases begin during puberty. No one knows why certain adolescent males develop breast tissue, but it is probably caused by having either higher levels of hormones in the blood or an increased sensitivity of normal breast tissue to typical levels of circulating hormones, especially the female hormone called estrogen. Alternatively, it may be due to either decreased levels of male hormones (such as testosterone) or insensitivity to these hormones.
There are many types of medical procedure. Medical procedure is basically the act that we have to take in taking care of someone with health problem. However not necessarily people with health problem then they undergo any medical procedure, since there are people that want to improve their physical appearance. Surgery is one of it. Surgery is the art and science of treating disease, injury, and deformities by operation and instrument (Neil, 2014).
Acne is a disorder. It causes episodes of skin sores that are usually called as pimples. Acne lesions occur generally on the face, neck, back, midsection, and shoulders. It is the most widely recognized skin ailment. Despite the fact that skin inflammation is not a genuine wellbeing danger, serious skin inflammation can prompt changeless scarring (Berson, 2009).
Historical aspects of bone marrow study- A concise history The oldest known procedure carried out on mankind is that of trepanning. Skulls 8000–10,000 years old showing evidence of medical intervention have been found in Europe, Northern Africa, Asia and New Zealand (Fig 1). This extensive distribution has been attributed to Asiatic origins.
Neuroendocrine carcinoma of tongue : a case report with review of literature INTRODUCTION Neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) are rare in the oral cavity, especially in the tongue. There is ambiguity with respect to the classification and treatment modality of these tumors. To the best of our knowledge, only 10 cases regarding to the NECs in tongue have been reported in English literature.
“Lymphoid tissue, cells and organs that make up the lymphatic system, such as white blood cells, bone marrow, and the thymus spleen, and lymph nodes” (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica). Lymphoid tissue is a big part of Hodgkin disease, so to fully understand the disease an individual must learn that the lymphoid tissue is very important for the human body. Lymphoid tissue is extremely important as an immune response and it also helps protect the body from infection and invaders. Simply, Hodgkin disease is the expansion of lymphoid tissue and the existence of Reed-Sternberg cells that are found in the lymph nodes. Reed-Sternberg cells “are large, often multinucleated with a peculiar morphology and an unusual immunophenotype, that does