David Foster Wallace argues that reality can be mundane. However, if people focus on what others are going through, then they can learn to empathize and understand humanity better. A behavior is a snap shot of how that person is acting in that moment. There are lots of moments where behaviors may not accurately describe someone. If people are constantly operating unconsciously and only ever taking what they see face value then they are not relating or understanding others; even more what they are thinking about other’s is stereotypical and possibly hurtful.
Warren also stated that “If we judged ourselves by how our actions are perceived by others, we may become more sensitive and understanding of any hurtful responses by them” (Warren 1). Even judging by actions is not right because things can be meant to help, but can instead result in something going wrong. Something that one person sees as disastrous could be seen as good by another person based on what each person knows and the intention. Thus, judging by actions is still not an effective way to judge a person, one must only judge by what is unseen; personality, morals, and intentions. There are many places where one can see how judging based on appearance affects people.
When we observe actions and/or emotions of someone else our brain will mirror this action and/or emotion. I found this concept interesting, because it made me think of the word, empathy. Many people feel as though they are empathetic, however, are not actually understanding the feelings of someone else, relating to the mirror fallacy. The mirror fallacy, continues by stating that people can only truly be mirroring when they have the exact same body and brain as the other does; this is hard to determine depending on the person. Therefore, the concept of mirroring can definitely mislead us, making us feel as though we are experiencing the same action and/or emotion as another, even if they are feeling the total opposite way.
In his sentence he states that this is something “we are told”, but fails to provide evidence as to who tells us this. It is clear that Kamm is attempting to overstate the situation in order to provide himself with something to back up his point of view, while lacking clear facts to support his claims. Kamm’s overuse of opinion is highly evident in his article. When he asks “does anyone doubt that our mother tongue is in deep decline?” he immediately answers with “well, for one, I do.” He does not deliver statistics as to the number of other people who agree with that statement, but instead relies solely on his own judgement. Kamm’s article is also abundant with logical fallacies.
Others such as Kakutani try to explain how the book has its weaknesses, being poorly reasoned and thoroughly unconvincing. I agree and disagree with Kakutani. I believe in some paragraphs she gives very little evidence and doesn’t explain her reasoning. In other instances I believe she is right and makes people second guess what Gladwell is trying to say. Gladwell draws a connection between national cultures that “place highest emphasis on effort and hard work”.
For the people who believe in eliminative materialism, beliefs, desires and intentions are not accurate to them (Velazquez, 94). Some of the critics of eliminative materialism are not all favorable, this view relies on the mental states that do not
Also some people who have special needs don’t understand what consequences are, so punishing them or reprimanding them for things may be pointless because they can’t comprehend why what they did was wrong (Attention Issues and the Brain). So their actions and their consequences may differ from the actions and consequences that other people deal with in everyday
5 + 5 = 10 given that the axiom of a certain base is used. One of the limitations of math is therefore that axioms are only fundamental assumptions which although seem reasonable and are pragmatic, may depend on culture and life experiences thus subjective. We are expected to simply accept them in order to prove something else. If the axiom that a mathematical problem follows is incorrect, the answer which is received may also be untrue hence it is fair to say that math is not as objective as we would like to
Cultural relativism has a variety of definitions, but the main idea is that a universal code of ethics does not exist--it varies culture to culture. Rachel’s examines cultural relativism in “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism” and argues that there are commonalities of ethics throughout every culture. Rachels sections off his argument to better explain what they believe. In this piece, they argue that cultural relativism is not a proper theory. They argue that it has many major flaws, but they acknowledge that parts of theory have some truth to it.
It’s also difficult to generalize the results because the sample sizes are usually very small. Other limitations include the ability of the participants to accurately and honestly express their feelings and thoughts based on what the researcher’s topic is. The use of phenomenology requires the researcher to interpret the data which can cause bias and pre-conceived notions about the topic. In certain circumstances the findings may be difficult to replicate in other settings and are then unable to compare to larger