Materialism Vs Holism

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HOLISM Generally holism in terms of an idea is opposed to atomism. Atomists tend to base their thinking that any whole can be disintegrated into its separate parts and the relationships between them. The holists argue that the whole is primary and often greater than the sum of its parts. Atomist put things separately in order to know them better or other words for better understanding of these things. Holists looks at things or systems in divided form and base their type of approach that we can know more about them viewed as such and better come into terms with their nature and their purpose. The early Greek atomism of Leucippus and Democritus (fifth century B.C.) was the godfathers of classical physics. According to opinion, everything…show more content…
It remained a change of emphasis rather than a new philosophical position. Attempts were made to find out in the idea of organism in biology. The emergence of biological form and the relationship between biological and ecological systems, but these, too, were in the long run reducible to simpler parts, their properties and the relation between them. Even systems theory, although it talked more about the complexity of aggregates, does so in terms of causal feedback loops between various constituent parts. It’s only evident with quantum theory and the reliance of the being or identity of quantum entities within their contexts and links that are genuinely new, "deep" holism…show more content…
In the case of wetness such a reduction appears successful, on the reasonable supposition that surface tension is as a result of the action of inter-molecular forces. On both occurrences one is keen on purely energetic properties and a translation between the two seems perfect. On the other hand, it is not at all clear that sums of firings of neural synapses can add up to produce mental feels, as it appears to be a vivid qualitative difference between the two. Causal reductionism is closely related to ontological reductionism, the assertion that the whole is the sum of its parts. It is almost possible to hold to constituent reductionism and to deny causal reductionism as, in fact, many do. A strategy for this is embracing contextualism, which is a conclusion that the behavior of constituents depends entirely on the nature of the whole that they
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