Carol Gilligan in her Different Voice Thesis focuses on the moral development and women’s rights. Her theory is divided into three stages of moral development beginning from being selfish “ Pre-conventional” level then Social or “Conventional Morality” level and finally “Post Conventional” level. In selfish level, people care only for there own interests to ensure survival. The next level is pre-conventional level where there is more responsibility and care for others but still there is a conflict between one’s interest and others. The final level is “ Post Conventional” where people care for self-interests as well as others and it is hard to reach this level.
PART (a) (a) Fully explain the 4 enunciated propositions therein, which Educators must pay attention to, in order to counter the over emphasis on the cognitive domain. (15) Humans are lifelong learners. “Holistic approaches to teaching and learning recognize the connectedness of mind, body and spirit…” (Deewr, 2009). The various learning styles and the needs of evolving human beings’ responsiveness impact on the holistic education. Holistic education’s principle is to prepare children to meet the challenges of living and learning.
Even though the clients think that these coping styles are needed, these coping styles are deemed ineffective in other relationships which cause the arousal of core conflict. Furthermore, as a result of these coping styles, current relationships and the development of other relationships are affected negatively. Mostly, these coping styles originate from the client’s childhood and is related to how the client’s caregiver responded to their needs. When the needs of the client go unmet as a child, it forces them to formulate a coping style to adapt to their caregiver’s responses. As a result, the child’s true experience of the situation is ignored and disregarded.
Maccoby and Martin (1983) explained that authoritative parents tend to have high demandingness and responsiveness. It means that they will set up rules and regulations which must be followed by their children. Nonetheless, they also tend to be more open about their reasoning and take into account their children’s opinions more and willing to talk about issues with their children in a supportive manner instead of simply inflicting punishment as compared to authoritarian parents. Furthermore, authoritative parents tend to encourage independence, individuality, open communication, and recognition of the rights of both parents and children (Dornbusch, Ritter, Leiderman & Roberts, 1987) so that their children will become socially responsible, self-regulated, cooperative, and assertive. Thus, Milevsky, Schlechter, Netter, and Keehn (2007) contemplated that authoritative parents will bring up a child to have higher self-esteem compared to the other parenting styles.
INTRODUCTION Young children are dependent on the care they receive from others. Kendra Cherry 2015, questioned that why it is important to study how children grow, learn, and change? She also explained that, why it is very important to understand child development, she believed that, it helps us to gain the cognitive, emotional, physical, social and educational growth that the child crosses from birth and into the early adulthood. Moreover, all the child’s physical and psychological needs must be met by one or more people who understand what infants, in general, need and what this baby, in particular, wants. Therefore, it is important to learn the major theories of child development.
Jonas is selected to be the next Receiver of Memory. He receives memories from the current Receiver, who is now called the Giver, about what life used to be like a long time ago. Jonas learns about the pain that used to exist, and all the emotions that people had. In Jonas’s society everyone is equal in everyway, but in order for this to be achieved, people had to give up many things. Although the idea of altering society to a utopia seems ideal, the result would still be dystopian because of the loss of control in one’s choices such as the variety in families, the way death is handled, and how the old in society is cared for.
Empowerment Theory, It’s a process of increasing personal, interpersonal power so that children, young persons and families can take action to improve their wellbeing (Gutierrez 1999,p.229). Children and families cannot participate actively unless they are empowered. Empowerment emphasizes strength and capacities. Child perspective, this means a child friendly perspective that is informed by new approaches to the study and analysis of children and childhood (James and Prout 1990),( http://www.mdpi.com/2076-0760/3/4/893/pdf).Child must in all circumstances be seen as individuals with same rights and interests and should be given a open platform just as adults to express their views as stipulated in the convention the rights of the child
However children are more freedom, as they are allow to work on things that they want in their orders or in their way. This can increase their motivation to take learning risk, to allow them to think positively that help children to independent and become resilient. In addition Montessori encourage children can make own healthy choices and demonstrate positive attitudes to nutrition, hygiene, exercise and routine for the goodness of health and wellbeing.
A holistic view means that we are interested in engaging and developing the whole person. You can think of this as different levels, physical, emotional, mental and spiritual. It's the concept that the human being is multi-dimensional. In supporting learners to complete their chosen qualification if the holistic assessment method is used it enables learners to demonstrate several criteria from units at the same time. Holistic teaching focuses on preparing the learner to meet any challenges they may face in life and within a work setting.
In cases where people are diagnosed completely unable to make those decisions, where the illness or disability has decapitate their consciousness as a whole, then it should be through series of legal and medical consideration before even think to put them in chains. For this to happen, shoulder by shoulder approach and intertwined understanding between government, society, legal institutions and nongovernmental organization is paramount. Organization that empowers them should always exist, and it should be formed not only by people with disabilities, especially in advocating decision on, in and over their welfare. It should be always kept in mind that eliminating people’s freedom against their will when they commit no crime is a magnanimous insult to the liberty. Worse more if the shackling practice or forced institutionalization does not make them any better than suffer