Dante explores deeply the Christian hell and heaven, which includes the immediate Purgatory. This experience makes him cast his allegiance to good and God. The differences between these two stories are depicted when comparing the epic conventions, epic characteristics, and when comparing the various religious backgrounds of the times in which these two stories were written. The epic characteristics include a vast setting, supernatural forces and superhuman courage. In The Odyssey, the central character Odysseus is a war hero who is travelling back home.
Dante’s Inferno describes the three levels of Hell. Each level is reserved for different types of sinners. The Inferno has three beast that represents the three types of sin. The she wolf represents self-indulgence. The lion represents violence, and the leopard represents fraud.
In Dante’s Inferno, he writes about his journey through hell for the purpose of recognizing his sins. He goes through this journey with Virgil, a voice of reason for Dante. Dante meets people through his journey of the many circles in the Inferno that lead him down into the center of hell, where Satan is. Satan is seen as being monster-like with three heads, representing a mocking of the Trinity and blowing his wings around the cocytus river. The final thing seen here is the fact that Dante’s description of Satan is a bit disappointing compared to the other descriptions he has written about the inferno.
In the Middle Ring, the poets see suicidal sinners who have been turned into trees and bushes which are eaten by the demonic harpies. Dante also witnesses many promiscuous souls being forever pursued by hounds. The innermost ring is a burning desert where fire falls from the sky, raining down upon blasphemers and sodomites. The Eighth Circle of Hell is filled with fraudulent false prophets and the like. All those who practice false magic, business, etc.
Dante’s Inferno is about a man name Dante Alighieri that goes thru the nine circles of hell. Each circle represents a sin(s) that you have committed and you’ll have to repent for them before your soul completely passes on. Limbo, the first circle of hell is for non-Christians and unbaptized pagans that reserve punishment from within entity of this circle from heaven’s inferno. Lust, the second circle of hell is for the people who are filled with nothing but lust, which means all they want is sexual pleasure, and they are punished by strong winds that violently push them back and forward. It is also one of the Seven Deadly Sins.
But, as the poem continues to progress, it becomes quite clear the there is a perfect balance within God’s justice as the degree of each sinner’s punishment perfectly reflects upon the gravity of the sin. Furthermore, the inscription on the gates of Hell explicitly states that Hell exists as a result of divine justice; “ll. “Justice moved my great maker; God eternal / Wrought me: the power and the unsearchably / High wisdom, and the primal love supernal (III.4-6).” Prior to delving into the structure of Hell and how it displays God’s divine justice, one must first familiarize themselves with both the historical context of Dante’s life, along with the beliefs of the medieval church. It is essential for one to do so as these have a major influence over nearly every aspect of the epic. Dante was born in 1265 in Florence, Italy, to a moderately wealthy family
Whether this was a prophetic revelation given by God, or retribution to his enemies’ Dante’s Inferno challenges the political and religious powers of the day and putting them in the worst possible light. Dante gives himself the liberty of being the protagonist as he assess his victims of Hell. One cannot help at times in taking pleasure in watching the David’s overcome the Goliaths. The problem with Dante’s Inferno is the setting of Hell is so vivid and graphic it leaves the reader feeling sympathetic to all involved. Some of Dante’s biases are clearly shown by placing certain sins committed by people in different levels.
Dante’s Inferno details the long journey of Dante and Virgil, throughout the bowels of Hell, or the Inferno. Dante’s Inferno is organized into nine different levels, each distributing a different and awful punishment to every different sin. The main sins include the seven deadly sins, “Wrath, Sloth, Lust, Greed, Pride, Gluttony, Envy”, he also included “Treachery” and “Violence”. The three sins that I believe fit their sins would be “Wrath/Sulleness”, “Greed” and “Gluttony”. Within Dante’s Inferno, those with the sin of “Wrath/Sulleness” are either forced to fight each other, as they displayed their anger upon others, or they are forced to sulk within a boiling mud lake for an eternity as the others fight on top of them.
Throughout Dante’s travels through the lower levels of Hell, he meets meets many tormented souls. As he and his guide Virgil get to and goes down through the different circles of Hell, he sees the punishments that each sin gives consequence to and learns of how these souls lost their way and ended up here being in pain for eternity. Specifically in Canto XXVIII, he meets the souls in the ninth bolgia of the eighth circle of Hell who are being persecuted for they have committed sins of scandal and schism. Here the souls are being tormented by a devil who inflicts wounds continuously for each lost soul. Each soul he meets along the way tells him a warning or a story on how to avoid theses punishments himself.