It is purely therapeutic and should be planned, time-limited, and goal-oriented. Imogene King explained this further when she developed her Theory of Goal Attainment. She stipulated that interactions between the nurse and the patient must result in goal achievement (Webber, 2015). Therefore, the nurse must meet the client needs and help them regain control of their health. Regardless of the context or the duration this relationship, the nurse has the obligation to respect the client 's dignity, promote their autonomy, and respect their privacy.
Anybody needs a nurse hence the development of the need theory. Unitary human beings theory by Rogers believes that a person should be harmonized with the environment so that the person may attain maximum health potential. Self-care theory by Orem explains that a healthy person should have wholeness of the human structures, mental and body functioning. Her nursing theory suggested that as much as people seek for nursing attention from the experts, they first start their nursing with themselves and nurse their family members. Neumann’s system model theory looks at the environmental stressors, and the nurses try to retain and maintain the patients’ health through maintaining the patients’ system fit with the environmental system.
PART A: DIGNIFIED CARE IN NURSING: Dignity; “the state or quality of being worthy of honour or respect.” (Oxforddictionaries.com, 2016). Nurses must respect patient dignity because they have a duty of care to each client. Without respecting this, a patient may feel they have not received the correct standard of care, which may prolong their recovery time. Dignified care in nursing practice means delivering a service to patients or clients in a way that respects their rights as human beings. Nurses have a responsibility to encourage patients to be as independent as possible.
As WHO defines, Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease. Health is the most important factor in national development. Through this definition World Health Organization has helped to move health thinking beyond a limited, medicine and pathology based perspective to the more positive domain of well -being. The right to health is one of the basic rights of human beings. Right to health is a vital right without which no one can exercise one’s basic human rights.
Family theories have been used throughout the history of nursing to help guide patient care and provide the best patient outcomes. Certain theories may be more applicable to the specific patient encounter; however, each theory has benefits and drawbacks to their use. The purpose of this paper is to examine two selected theories, comparing their strengths and weaknesses. I will also discuss a theoretical family in relation to one theory, and how that theory can be best integrated into the care provided by an Advanced Practice Nurse (APN). Description of Theories The Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) focuses on the theory that one patient’s illness affects the entire family.
Nursing is an honorable career, and should not be treated as just a job to earn a paycheck. It is my belief that nurses are to be compassionate, caring, loving and are willing to mean the patient’s need. Watson provides many useful concepts in her theory that are practice in nursing in today society. She ties together many of the theories commonly used in nursing education, for instance nursing care plan. She believes that nursing interventions are key to nursing care.
As with harm, the definition of good is difficult. The sheer number of ways one might promote the welfare of another defies a complete description. If we look at welfare in the health care context, it is generally seen in terms of health and physical well-being. The following secondary principles fall under beneficence; prevent the infliction of needless pain, prevent killing others and preventing incapacitating
(World Health Organization (1983). Holistic nurses val-ue themselves and mobilize the necessary resources to care for themselves. They en-deavour to integrate self-awareness, self-care and self-healing by engaging in practices such as self-assessment, meditation, yoga, good nutrition, movement, art, support and lifelong learning. They strive to achieve balance and harmony in their own life and help others do the same. (AHNA scope and Standards of Practice, Core Value 5,
It is noticed that this model of nursing has gained significant success and popularity among the individuals but some issues are related to the appropriateness of this assessment tool. Timmins & Kelly (2008) argued that this model serves as a checklist. Moreover, the association of the model with the healthcare is also criticised because it is very hospital and medical oriented. While some of the critics stated that activities of living are based on physical aspect due to which patients might face problem in performing these activities. However, some of the criticism has been raised regarding the model and its implementation in the nursing it is still considered as the most effective model to be used because of its simplicity and effectiveness.
In theory, each is of equal weight or position. In practice, however, respect for patient independence often takes importance over the others. There are basic principles of health ethics. Each addresses a value that arises in interactions between providers and patients. The principles address the issue of fairness, honesty, and respect for fellow human beings.
Health has to do with a person’s overall condition, regarding any acute or chronic illnesses or injuries. Health has to do with having a positive emotional outlook on life. Health also includes a person’s nutrition, physical activity, and getting the proper sleep. When someone is in good health, this person should be able to bounce back from any minor illnesses/injuries, and they should be fully functional in society. This includes the ability to enjoy life, socializing with others, and the ability to feel safe.
Health is something different to each individual. It can be described as simply being able to function daily, to fulfil a social role. According to Talcott Parsons (1979) this functionalist approach was essential to maintain good health and healthcare. Hence, avoiding impairment of our roles in society. The Medical model similarly describes health as ‘an absence of disease’ however, does not consider factors associated with the mind, just focuses on physical illness.
(Adults with Incapacity, n.d.) (Notes, n.d.) The key piece of legislation I have selected that would benefit Mary the most would be the National Health Service and Community Care (Scotland) Act 1990, (NHS and Community Care (Scotland) Act 1990). Mary is still a very independent individual and as she does not wish to leave her home to potentially stay in a residential unit, she just needs additional support for living within her home. Under this piece of legislation this gives Mary access to an assessment of need and a risk assessment (if appropriate). When professionals carry out an assessment of need Mary could be able to access a number of organisations that will fulfil her needs both socially and physically and under this act all organisations must deliver their service in a co-ordinated way and work within partnership to ensure the best quality of care is being