Homelessness can be a detrimental experience as a result of being exposed to constant stress and unpredictable weather. It may lead to families and individuals having to find a temporary refuge in an unsafe environment, or obtain food from resources that can be harmful. Individuals and families caught in these predicaments frequently are ineptitude in areas of housing stability, managing money skills, coping skills, and support systems which would be significant in helping them modify hardships. As a result, a vast proportion of homeless families, individuals, and children have been exposed to a variety of traumatic occurrences such as childhood abuse, domestic violence, combat-related trauma, sexual assault, and the like.
The issue of homelessness in America has been evident since the early 1600’s. Across the country men, women and children spend their nights on the streets not knowing when or if they will ever find a permanent home. States and federal officials or city councils have tried to alleviate or at least reduce the number of homeless over the last several decades at a city, state or national level but it continues to be an ongoing problem. There is a multitude of factors that account for the growing homeless population that affects each state in the country differently. Though there are many contributing factors that contribute to the amount of people living on the street at any given night in the U.S. An effective way to address the problem of homelessness in America is to continue creating affordable housing, maintaining assistance programs, and continue creating workforce
Regardless of what either side of the issue sees the solutions to homelessness to be, it is an established fact that individuals who are homeless are at increased risk for substance abuse, mental illness, health problems, and are often the victims of
This article focuses on homeless in the U.S as a vulnerable group. Ideally, at the same time as interventions to cut short and stop homelessness perhaps may diverge across groups. However, ending homelessness enduringly needs housing plus the kinds of services held up by programs controlled by the U.S. HHS
While circumstances can vary, an individual’s first choice is rarely to choose homelessness due to the inability to afford housing or other unforeseen circumstances. The support of friends, family, and community programs/shelters are first suggestions when a person becomes displaced. When these suggestions become inadequate, living on the streets is the next favorable/affordable option. According to the National Alliance to End Homelessness, on a night in January of 2015, there were 564,708 people homeless in the United States (para 3). On a larger scale, more than one million people are homeless in America and of that population, 50 percent are chronically addicted to alcohol, drugs, or both (Substance abuse mental health, 2011 para 6). Research has brought more attention to risk factors that contribute to homelessness such as the epidemic of substance abuse.
Homelessness is one the most ignored problems in the United States with citizen and politician. Homeless people are walked by and ignored. Nobody ever thinks that they will be homeless. Due to the economy, people live paycheck to paycheck making house payments very difficult. Most people will want to believe most homeless people are drug addicts or alcoholics, but most people will be surprise to know that it is no all true. Veterans with PTSD (Post-traumatic stress disorder) have a high risk of becoming homeless. Homelessness is cause by drug and alcohol dependencies, the economy and veterans who suffers from PTSD or other forms of mental illness.
The purpose of their study was to establish a better understanding of the characteristics of the mentally-ill homeless adults. Upon the collection of data through a review of the archived shelter medical records of the 74 subjects included in the study, the researchers aggregated and analyzed the data, calculating the medication adherence rates for the previous 30days. Mental illness and substance use disorders in the study were identified in 67.6 percent and 44.6 percent of the participants respectively. These findings prompted the acknowledgement that homeless individuals suffering from mental illness that specialized transitional shelters serve constitutes of population whose psychiatric, social and mental needs are complex. Thus, the characteristics of homeless populations are complicated by the numerous needs that need systematic assessment and thoughtful addressing to enhance the likelihood of successful outcomes (Viron, Bello, Freudenreich, & Shtasel, 2014).
Women Living with Mental Illness and Homelessness-Stigma and Victimization • Serious mental illnesses are common among the homeless population as estimates indicate that more than 25 percent of homeless in the United States live with a mental illness (Bonugli, Escandon, & Lesser, 2013). • According to Deering, Duff, and Gibson (2011) the lifetime prevalence of homelessness in women was 88 percent, with majority women sleeping on the streets starting at age 17. • Rates of a mental illness among women are higher than that of men even though there is estimated to be more homeless men than women (Bonugli et al., 2013; Deering et al., 2011). • Among homeless women living with a mental illness, lifestyle, gender, high-risk behaviors, and exposure to stressful life events are risk factors associated with susceptibility. For women who live with this stigma, the risks of
Group Project Health disparities are common contributors to homelessness. A homeless person’s risk of being ill or injured increases between two and six times that of persons who are housed (Wright, 1990). The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) (2011) estimates 26% of homeless adults living in shelters are living with serious mental illness and nearly another 46% live with severe mental illness and/or substance use disorders (“The 2010 Annual, 2011). Homeless populations are at increased risk of; injury, hypothermia, dermatological problems, violence, and infectious diseases such as; hepatitis, tuberculosis, and HIV. (Kushel, Evans, Perry, Robertson, & Moss, 2003).
making Mental illness the third major cause of homelessness. C. Most people believe it 's their own fault or it is over drug and alcohol abuse or just being lazy period, but according to rock center by Jessica Hopper believe it or not 20% of people that have jobs who are not on any alcohol substance or drug abuse are also homeless, which leads us to the requirement wages in order to afford a place to stay in. Not just in TN but in every state more than minimum wage is needed, Families need to earn a housing wage of 15$ an hour in order to afford a two-bed room apartment. Transition: it is very clear to us that homelessness is a major problem in our society, and that we need to take action, let 's look at some ways we can help to aid these types of situations. II.
Some homeless individuals are so mentally ill that pedestrians assume this person must be on drugs. Yes, some do drugs, but most homeless individuals who use drugs started using them after they have lost their home. For most, drugs were not the leading cause of their loss of housing but can potentially give them trouble finding a spot within a homeless shelter since “Many shelters will not admit anyone who is drunk or high. Those who do not have shelter or enough income come join us here daily to eat or take a nap”(Gretchen, St. John’s Kitchen). Many of them suffer from mental illnesses, “25.6% were diagnosed with anger management problems, 19.1% with ADHD, 15.2% with hyperactivity, 4.5% with dyslexia”(Toronto Star Newspaper).
Increase the number of the free clinics that will provide some health issue. Homeless population are at risk for chronic illness making them vulnerable to volience and substance abuse. This population has limited access to resources; difficulty in essentials of daily living: food, clothing, shelter. Often these individual has an underlining mental health issues or substance abuse problems. They do not have support outside their homeless community.
In one survey, 36% of people stated that they would not want to work closely with an individual who has an acute mental illness (McGinty, Webster & Barry, 2013). This survey can also shed insight on the problems that nurses face and the toll it takes on them over time when dealing with homeless patients, who have many mental disabilities in addition to physical ailments. The standards and lifestyles and quality of life between nurses and the homeless population are very much culturally different. Outside of the medical arena, these different groups of people rarely intermingle within society. There is a lack in the full understanding that the homeless population does not live in, or have direct access to clinics, hospitals, shelters, or any other medical establishment where advice and/or medical instructions or diagnoses are held.
According to Goldstein, Luther, Haas, Gordon, & Appelt (2009), “many homeless individuals with psychiatric difficulties experience often untreated general health problems” (p.200). TB, HIV, lung disease, and other critical healthcare concerns are of the many medical issues faced by homeless veterans. Although there are benefits and insurance for war veterans, some veterans who become homeless do not have that option to cover insurance and therefore cannot see a medical professional to cure any disease that could impede this veteran once homeless for a long period of time. Analyze the Impact of Local, State, and National Public Policies on the Quality and Accessibility of Clinical Mental Health Services Luckily there have been many advocates for the homeless veterans who have been fighting to change the world and give these heroes a place to call home.