Homelessness Is Important To The Causes Of Homelessness In Malaysia

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Imagine feeling lost and not knowing where to go. You spend each night looking for a clean spot where you could lay out your piece of card-board. As you wake up to the chattering noises each morning, you wonder which public place will allow you to clean yourself up. An estimated 100 million people; one-quarter of the world 's population is living in such condition (United Nations Commission on Human Rights, 2005). Homelessness is a growing phenomenon worldwide. In its broadest sense, homelessness is defined as the state of having no shelter. According to (McKinney, 2001), people who are homeless are most often unable to acquire and maintain regular, safe, secure and adequate housing, or lack fixed, regular, and adequate night-time residence. The population of homeless people in Malaysia’s capital city has been growing in tandem with the economic expansion over the last decade. What constitutes homelessness in Malaysia? Why is it still a problem? While poverty is central to the causes of homelessness, the problem has been necessitated by three major factors; rural-urban migration, housing inequality and social exclusion. These factors are often accompanied by individual problems, such as unemployment, financial pressures, domestic violence, poor physical and mental health, substance abuse and addictions. Increasing homelessness in urban areas are a consequence of rural-urban migration. According to (Cecilia Tacoli, 2015) rural–urban migration is seen as contributing to

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