( C.Moulton, 1983) In one hand, he mentions the farms and rural areas of the peacetime to highlight how war is ferocious and ugly. In the other hand, he mentions the three famous nature’s forces, Water, fire, and wind to show how the war is harsh. ( C.Moulton, 1983) Again, the controversial Iliad’s similes have uniqueness to its reader. They can be read as the glory of Greek at the battle of Troy. Homer is a Greek after all, he has written it in a way that commemorate this unique moment in the history of the Greek and the world.
Homer, in his poem, incorporates scenes in which the characters contemplate how meaningful war and violence really is; a thought which, tragically, many individuals in today’s world contemplate every day. Despite having been written nearly two millenniums ago, the Iliad’s themes still ring true today and further illustrate how human nature has not changed. Throughout the poem, Homer portrays how military victory and honor, or kleos, was valued in Greek and Trojan society,
In our modern, American cultural context our views of degradation of women are very different than the view of degradation of women in the time The Odyssey was written, and because of these different views, we cannot judge the poem in this modern context. The defense also used the book The Power of Myth by Joseph Campbell to explain that myths have four main functions. The defense explained that if we judge the poem with this limiting modern view, the meaning is lost and we gain nothing from the poem. The prosecution argued that the poem needs to be taken in modern American cultural context because that is the viewpoint that is the most relevant to us. However, the defense brought up the fourth
The Odyssey is a fantastic story full of interesting characters, conflicts, and theme. The Odyssey was written by Homer who was a blind poet. It was written in the 8th century B.C during a time of Greek god worship. With intricate characters, exciting conflicts, and an impressive theme the Odyssey is an amazing book for anyone. Odysseus showed the heroism of a mighty hero buy his heroism was not without foibles.
Many of the most striking similarities between The Aeneid and The Iliad occur in the final confrontations between the two opposing heroic warriors. Before his final duel with Aeneas, “Turnus madly flees across the field” (Aeneid 12.983), just as Hektor leads Achilles in a chase around the perimeter of Troy. Even the language used to describe
In Homer’s The Odyssey, men and women show traits that are still applicable in today’s society. Despite the epic poem being written in the Ancient Greek world, we must learn from the examples that the characters set of right and wrong. In the twenty-first century, people assume that they could never make the grave mistakes that past cultures did. It is through literature that humanity learns how to thrive. Despite the fact that the The Odyssey was written in the 8th century BCE, society can still learn from the erroneous ideals and expectations for men and women that it displays.
Things like the story’s obstacles and underlying theme for example, are more well hidden and require critical thinking to find, instead of just basic observational skills. One example of a reference William Saroyan makes to The Odyssey is the main character’s name. “Homer” Is the name of the author who wrote the Odyssey back in 800 B.C.E.. Homer’s brother, Ulysses, Is the name of the main character in both The Iliad and The Odyssey. References such as these may seem superficial and unimportant, but they can have additional uses in writing. These types of allusions tend to play lesser roles, and less add to the story then enhance existing parts.
Basically saying they’re worthless and have no meaning to them, the gods, because they are just considered an object or a prize. Treating women as a prize or materialistically would be another way that makes the Iliad a sexist work. The ignorance of the males in the book pave the way to show that women are just objects and basically have no emotions. Later in book 6 around line 344 Helen begins to refer to herself as a dog and wishes she had died at birth. Due to the fact of not having her voice “heard” by men basically ignored, the sexist theme of the book comes to the surface once again.
These changes are important because they start for glory and honor like most Greek heroes do, but in the end they get rid of their honor and pride and instead go for their own personal desires. The Iliad teaches us about how gruesome war is and that it is something that is terrible, but it has always been there and there is no way around it. The Odyssey teaches us that pride and honor can destroy a person and being patient is a virtue that is worth having. The Greeks believed that in the end justice would emerge and that good would always triumph. They also believed that in war they must respect each fighter and give them a swift
In these poems, Homer introduces the concept of Virtue (aretê in Greek), excellence, the ideal of perfection of the epic heroes’ bravery, cunning, strength, nobility, and achieving immortal glory. The virtue of courage and competition is also introduced with the famous phrase, derived from the sixth book of Iliad translated as: “to strive always for the highest aretê, and to excel all others” or "ever to excel and be better than the rest" Homer, per Kitto, “enshrined all wisdom and all knowledge…combined with his hopeless fatalism, with the fierce joy in life and the exultation in human achievement and in human personality. We hear in the Iliad and in most Greek literature, the tragic note produced by the tension produced by two forces: passionate delight in life and clear apprehension of its unalterable framework:” The following few lines of the Homeric poetry of the Iliad describes man’s generations on earth, and their fate. “As is the generation of leaves, so is that of humanity, The wind scatters the leaves on the ground, but the live timber; Burgeons with leaves again in the season of spring