In Iliad, the first revenge action was made by Menelaus, the king of Sparta. He enraged and decided to take a revenge from the Trojans, because of loss of his wife, Helen. When he went to war, plenty of his companions joined him, such as Achilles, the leader of the Myrmidons, Odysseus, the king of Ithaca, Ajax the Greater, the king of Salamis, etc. After that, in book 16, Achilles lends Patroclus his armor, sends him off with a stern admonition to not to pursue the Trojans. However, Patroclus ignoring Achilles’ command, pursues and reaches the gates of Troy and is killed by Hector.
“Like strength is felt from hope, and from despair” (Homer). Odysseus -the reigning king of Ithaca- took part in the Trojan War for 10 long years. He then ventured on for another 10 years to return to to his homeland of Ithaca. On and on he raced to go home but was challenged with many challenges along his journey. Three major events were when Odysseus got caught in the land of the cyclopes, the journey through the ventures, and when he challenges the suitors to a duel to win back his home and wife.
The Odyssey revolves around a household without its master, Odysseus, who has been lost for 10 years. Despite that, Agamemnons’ death by his faithless wife isn’t the main focus of the Odyssey, but it is still frequently mentioned. Aegisthus can be thought of as the suitors who are seen at the beginning of the Odyssey feasting and sipping wine all day. His affair with Clytemnestra, his murder of Agamemnon and then later on, his death by Agamemnons’ son Orestes, foreshadows the inevitable death waiting to consume the suitors’ lives for their efforts to destroy Odysseus household. The stories set up is similar in a way that there are two returning heroes, Agamemnon and Odysseus, their sons, Orestes and Telemachus, and their wives, Clytemnestra and Penelope respectively.
7 young women and 7 young men were sent to the city-state of Crete every 9 years. What did they do there? They were sacrificed to the Minotaur. And if you do not know what that means, it means they were killed. A Greek hero was brave, had the ideal body, and was loved by everyone.
It is usually done because these poems are lengthy and complex but the basic story line stays familiar to the audiences. Still the poet begins with the announcement of the recitation that was about to be revealed. The central idea of The Illiad is stated at the beginning of the poem which is of is the Achilles’s wrath. An essential epic as a rule has numerous appellations. These designations are re-namings of the characters, divine beings, or things by stock expressions.
Homers contributions to Greek mythology is displayed by his work. To begin with one of the most surprising things about the Iliad is how well known the details of the full Trojan War story Homer leaves out. The poem gives no details of how the war started. There are many of the most popular incidents in the opening and the closing parts of the Trojan war and if you pay attention. For example when the sacrifice of Iphigenia happened, and Odysseus and Achilles came along in the poem, , and one of the most important ones the Trojan Horse, and the fall of Troy.
What type of bonding experience is that, slaughtering men together out of cold blood is a good way to greet your son after 20 years apparently. Finally, you might say that Odysseus is so smart that even gods like Athena recognize his wits. If he is so smart though why did he go into Polyphemus’ lair. Killing 6 men and making their journey even longer. Also, if he is so smart why did he not realize that he spent 7 years on Calypso’s island.
The Greek epic poet, Homer tells the story of the Odyssey which details Odysseus’s journey home after the trojan war. Odysseus and his men face life threatening challenges including his encounters with the Cyclops, Sirens, Scylla, and Charybdis.While facing danger, the gods also tested Odysseus. Despite struggling for 20 years, he eventually prevails and returns to his wife Penelope. Not only does figurative language entertain and help the audience visualize the moments, but it also emphasizes the struggles and pain of the characters. The language depicts society’s values and helps readers understand the significance of social structure and one’s relationship with the gods.
Bob Dylan, one of the greatest musicians of the 1960’s, won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2016. The decision received a lot of controversy, for many people questioned his qualification for the award. Many people felt disrespected, as they felt more talented in literature, and believed that Dylan was a musician, not a poet. However, the lyrics that Dylan writes, are written with so much meaning and emotion, that they do deserve the title as poetry. Therefore, in 2016, he did deserve the Nobel Prize in Literature, for his poetic lyrics did influence the world with his meaningful music.
The Odyssey written by Homer is a hero’s story based on the character Odysseus. Odysseus fought among the other Greek heroes at Troy and struggled to return to his kingdom in Ithaca. The story is his ten-year journey home and all of the obstacles he has to overcome. The major themes of the book include perseverance, determination, hospitality, pride, and suffering. The narrator speaks in the third person as if he already knows the story.