But I would not give way—“ (Homer, IX. 253-256). Here, Odysseus exercises his free will. He decides they are to remain in the cave and wait for the Cyclops to return and reward them with gifts, as dictates in Greek culture. By not leaving earlier with the supplies they found, Odysseus damns not only himself but also his men.
while fugitives went inland running to call to the arms the main force of Cicones” (Homer lines 48-51). Odysseus’s men disobey him and end up having a surprise attack. The crew believes that the gods will forgive their actions if they conduct rituals and sacrifices. The men make a proposal to “..cut out the noblest of these cattle, for sacrifice to the gods who own the sky, and once at home, in the old country Ithaca…. we’ll build a costly temple and adorn it with every beauty for the Lord of Noon” (Homer lines 868-873).
This is prominent when he is faced with a difficult choice: starvation or Helios’ cattle. Eurylochus tells the others, "You've gone through everything; listen to what I say. All deaths are hateful to us, mortal wretches, but famine is the most pitiful, the worst end that a man can come to. Will you fight it? Come, we'll cut out the noblest of these cattle for sacrifice to the gods who own the sky..."
Odysseus decides to pray to the gods to end their hunger, but to no avail. A character named Eurylochus then suggests that the men eat the cattle, explaining that they should not listen to Odysseus because, in his opinion famine is the worst form of death. “‘Comrades,’ he said, ‘You’ve gone through everything: listen to what I have to say. All deaths are hateful to us, mortal wretches, but famine is the most pitiful, the worst end that man can come to’” (863-867).
In spite of Odysseus’s warning, the crew is unable to restrain itself, slaughtering and consuming the cows of Helios to satiate the primal need to feast, despite knowing that they would likely die as a result of doing so. Human beings are programed for survival, just like all other animals. This makes the actions of Odysseus’s crew, their willingness to lay down their lives for a meal, so poignant. In contrast with the fate crew members meet at the hand of Polyphemus, this decision is a conscious suicide. The entire situation is pitiful, especially because it Eurylochus, a trusted advisor and friend to Odysseus, that leads the charge.
This leads to influencing other cultures which can influence other poets, which is why you can see allusions to many different epics in poetry. Epic poems were common in ancient times because they were ideal for expressing stories orally(Fogie). To this day epics are discussed and taught in schools and are still held to a high standard this shows the influence of these Epics. The story of Gilgamesh written by Sin-Leqi-Unninni was one of the first recorded epics in history.
He used his perseverance to keep going on his journey despite being without his family for decades. He also used his smart and quick thinking to make good decisions on where his journey should go next. Odysseus was a hero throughout the Odyssey because of the character traits Homer has written him to have. Although the epic poem has been altered throughout the centuries since the original one was written, Odysseus has stayed a hero to the reader with his amazing skills and motivation to continue his journey. The theme of this epic poem was to keep your head high.
FANCY TITLE "Gluttony kills more than the sword." -George Herbert. “Gluttony: over-indulgence and over-consumption of food, drink, or wealth items to the point of extravagance or waste”(Dictionary.com). Homer uses food to show hospitality in ancient Greek culture, however, food is also used to represent temptation. (I need a hook)
For instance, he left his men in the dark; not knowing the truth about the cattle of the sun-god, and how they would die if they ate them. Odysseus told them, “The cattle here are not for our provision, or we pay dearly.” (Homer 674), not revealing the reason; which divulges his inordinate arrogance. Odysseus didn’t show leadership nor self-control here, so why is he considered a hero some might argue, but it’s inaccurate to judge people from their mistakes. Odysseus was called arrogant, but his real face is heroic; saving his army and winning the war for them.
Namit Arora in his article On Eating Animals denounces Americans’ everyday obliviousness towards the treatment of animals in slaughterhouses. With an accusatory tone Arora reaches out to meat-eating Americans that aren’t aware of the cruelty present in the meat industry. Furthermore, Arora writes to expose the hypocrisy of Americans who claim to be pro-animal despite their ignorance of the malice and the mistreatment of livestock in slaughterhouses. The context of this piece is the media’s reactions to cows escaping their doom and the modern day indifference of society toward the inhumanity of slaughterhouses. With grotesque imagery
“There was a ship. Out there. You said you’d keep the fire going and you let it out!” (Golding 70) Step 5: A Slice of Bread to Explain/Analyze the Quote
Odysseus had no choice but to land at this island because the men had no food or water. Unknown to Odysseus and his men, the island was inhabited by bloodthirsty Cyclopes. They went to check out the island and they find a cave in which they find some wine and cheese. The men didn’t want to stay, but Odysseus insisted they wait on the owner to return. While they are eating the chess and the wine, a large Cyclopes Polyphemus is not happy with what he sees and he eats two of the men, and “when the cyclops fills is huge belly with human flesh, he washed it down with milk, then stretched out in his cave among his flocks.”
Here we came upon a cave full of sheep and crates of milk and cheese. The men advise me to snatch some of the food and hurry off, but, unfortunately, I decided to linger. The cave’s inhabitant soon returned, and it was the Cyclops Polyphemus, son of Poseidon. He made a show of hospitality at first, but soon turned hostile. He devoured two of my men on the spot and imprisoned us for future meals.
When people get lost without a way home, they will usually sacrifice everything to get home. Being on the way home for ten years already caused Odysseus to make the brash decision of sailing past Scylla, even after Circe had warned, “No mariners yet can boast they've raced their ship past Scylla’s lair without some mortal blow”(9.108-109). This brash decision lead to death of some of his crew, he sacrificed his men for himself. Odysseus also decided that in order to get home he and his men we to go, “to the House of Death”, which is extremely dangerous. So many things could have gone wrong, they may have never even made it out to get out.
The odyssey, an epic told by Homer in ancient greece, has many major themes following odysseus’s adventures. While Odysseus is sentenced to never return home after the Trojan War. He is overcoming challenges to return home to his wife penelope and his son Telemachus. Throughout the story major themes of loyalty, hospitality and vengeance are hidden within the plot. The story continues to show his heroic side with three major traits.