The Columbian Exchange was the process of exchanging animals, agriculture, and diseases. The most important change that I believe occurred was the agriculture exchange. The old world introduced more tropical fruits than what was available as well as grains. They brought over cash crops such as sugar and coffee beans because in Europe those were the crops that were priced the highest. In fact, it was so lucrative to grow sugar in the Carribean, they imported all of their food out so they had more room to grow it.
There was also a class of wealthy merchants with considerable capital came into existence due to vibrant commercial activities at the late Edo period due to the expansion of commerce and the growing productivity of agriculture. Because Bakufu’s policy toward economy was not so consistent in controlling tax and preventing private business. The Han encourage the development of simple rural industries. Sometimes, Han promoted certain industries to enrich local population and raise more tax revenue to cover the huge expenses charged by the Bakufu which allow growing wealth in farmer and merchant class. One of the Han that succeeded was Tokushima Han.
Farmers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age by forming organizations such as the Granger movement and the Farmers Alliance as well as creating the Populist Party. Industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age by forming labor unions such as the Knights of Labor and by fighting for his or her rights through strikes and riots. Farmers during the Gilded Age were angry with industrialization because the rapid increase in industry caused an economic decline and caused the farmer’s profits to decrease significantly. Industrialization is defined as the development in industry in a country or region. Due to J. D. Rockefeller, who was a very wealthy entrepreneur of his time who found a product he could use, improve, and make a successful business out of selling, and other
Under a task system, slaves would be assigned several specific tasks for a particular day and when all their work was finished, the slaves could leave for the day. The expansion of the cotton dynasty carried millions of Americans to the southwest. Within fifty years the territorial size of the United States had nearly doubled as settlers were lured west in hopes of cheap land and rich natural resources. Southern plantations had become an important factor to economic success for both the United States and Southern economies. Plantations played a vital role in developing the world's global market by producing the four biggest cash crops: rice, cotton, tobacco, and sugar.
Even though the machine would help the slaves work, they were needed to grow and pick the cotton now that the cotton was such a huge producer. Slaves were a main part of the South, and now that the Cotton Gin was in effect more slaves could not be freed. In fact, plantation owners began to move to larger plantations where they would need even more slaves. Southern farmers did not want to have to go out in the field and do the work that they could buy slaves to do for them. However, the Cotton Gin was a success in the South because it increased the population, and helped the production of Cotton become stronger.
During the Gilded age billionaires like Carnegie, Vanderbilt, and Rockefeller were earning massive profits off of the backs of cheap, underpaid labor. Working conditions in the late nineteenth century were terrible and the pay was even worse.Workers would work for 12 hour days in harsh dangerous conditions with no job security and no safety standards These employees would earn a bare minimum wage of one dollar a day for six days a week. Outraged workers wanted better conditions and better pay, so they formed unions like the Knights of Labor (KoL) and the American Federation of Labor (AFL). These unions fought for eight hour work days, better conditions, and better pay along with other topics. The Knights of Labor included black and female members unlike the American Federation of Labor.
The period between 1865 to 1900, also known as the Gilded Age, was an era of rapid industrialization, immigration, and capitalization in America. After the civil war, previously used factories remained and flourished as manufacturing started to replace farming; which was possible due to vast immigration from Southern and Eastern part of Europe. With an available cheap labor source, businesses rose to great heights, and competition thrived. While companies thrived, working laborers and citizens suffered. Because industrial statesman expanded wealth and created opportunities, but also exploited workers, disrupted competition, and manipulated factors of production, it is justified to characterize the industrial leaders of the Gilded age as both
Economic were more of a driving force because they were in need for natural resources for them to improve technology and their nation. Europeans wanted African resources like rubber and oil.They also wanted to create new markets for their goods that would lead them to great wealth for their nation. Several European industries benefited from African resources. Cotton, rubber, oil, zinc , coffee, gold, diamonds, peanuts, bananas, cocoa, sisal, ivory and gum were exported(Doc D). Out of all these resources they made lots of products and made money off of it.
In Robert Marks’ “The Industrial Revolution and Its Consequences, 1750-1850” Marks goes on to describe the end of the biological old regime and the beginning of Industrial Revolution that mechanized the world. In the old regime, people’s necessities all came exclusively from the land. However, in a revolution powered by coal, surplus goods could be manufactured in industries. This allowed the population capacity of the world to increase and a different set of challenges unseen in the old regime to arise. One of the most influential evolutions occurred in the textile industry after the mechanization of spinning and weaving fabrics like cotton.
The Pullman Strike in 1894 was also a secret union and again, it’s illegal but they risked it for better working conditions, an eight-hour working day, and thirty percent back to their wages. This strike was formed because the government cut the wages by thirty percent which affected three thousand citizens (lecture, February 12). These people struggled for social justice and equality and these organizations improved society and the Gilded Age which is soon to be the Progressive