The divine command theory, utilitarianism, Kant’s duty defined morality, natural law theory, and Aristotle’s virtue ethics are the five types of ethical theories. The divine command theory states that what is morally right and wrong will be decided by God. Utilitarianism states that “Action “A” is morally right if and only if it produces the greatest amount of overall happiness. Kant’s duty defined morality states that what is important is acting for the sake of producing good consequences, no matter what the act is. Natural law theory states that people should focus on the good and avoid any evil. The last theory is Aristotle’s virtue ethics which states that we should move from the concern towards good action and to focus on the concern with good character. This paper argues that Aristotle’s virtue ethics is better than the other ethical theories.
When sexual abuse occurs children often act or behave in ways that are counterintuitive to what society believes they should behave. In 1983, Dr. Roland Summit developed the Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome model to help others understand the many ways in which children react to sexual abuse. The model is broken down into 5 stages, the first two Secrecy and Helplessness are the preconditions to the occurrence of sexual abuse and the remaining three Entrapment and Accommodation, Delayed, Conflicted, and Unconvincing Disclosure, and the finally Retraction, are sequential contingencies which take on increasing variability and complexity (Summit, 1983).
Many confuse the terms sex and gender. Sex refers to physical, psychological, and biological characteristics whereas gender are behaviors learned from cultural expectations that distinguish women and men (Benokraitis 159). These terms lead us to sexual orientation which is partner preference. For instance, a desire of the same sex, opposite sex, or neither . In this article, Brandon Miller focuses on homosexual (those who are attracted to the same sex) men. The ignorance of society affects those individual who are categorized in sexual orientations. Furthermore, the confusion of the terms in society and the men acknowledging it, their sexual identity is questioned. Sexual identity being the awareness of ourselves as male or female and how we express our sexual values, attitudes, and feelings (Benokraitis
The divine command theory is a theory of an act is morally right because it is commanded by God and an act is immoral because God forbids it. The divine command theory has faced significant arguments that arose from Plato’s Euthyphro Dilemma. In Euthyphro, the dialogue started with Socrates questioning Euthyphro what is the state of nature, of being pious, in response, Euthyphro declares that being pious is the good with whatever the God or superior commands. This arose the following question, “Are acts pious because the gods love them, or do the gods love actions because they are pious?” (Landau pg67). Specifically, does God command us to do whatever because it is morally right, or is whatever we do morally right because God commands us to
On June 23rd 1972, Title IX was enacted to get rid of barriers in federal education environments regarding gender. It begins, “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” Title IX corrected the original imbalances among the school place that barred many from participation, and available opportunities due to sex including athletics. Since then the representation of sexual orientation has grown and progressed to express a many and diverse range of gender, orientation, and preference (1). Yet Title IX falls short of full adaption of the currently changing
Sexual orientation is a challenging subject for those who have no viable knowledge with the matter. For those who deal with sexual orientation confusion, coming to terms with oneself is a challenge. For those who are homosexual, and grow up in the Catholic Church, are subjected to gay conversion therapy to rid them of their sins. Gay conversion therapy is the act of treating homosexuals as though they are diseased of the mind and must be cured of their illness, their homosexual thoughts. Homosexual boys and men are either forced into conversion therapy or make a voluntary choice to attend because they were raised to believe their sexuality is unnatural. While some may argue that it could help the homosexual individual become closer to God, therapists should not allow gay conversion therapy because it takes away their fundamental human rights, discriminates against homosexuals, therefore, forcing them to conform to society's standards, and is damaging to the mental health of clients subjected to the treatments.
Cooper, A. (n.d.) Changing gay male identities. New York City, NY: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group. This book presented the changes in sexual identity. It showed the relationship of these sexual identity changes with traditional society and modern culture. In today’s world, where technology grows with a fast pace, humans are ready to do everything what will satisfy their mental needs and physical ideals. This book talked about the role of religion in today’s world, conflicts in society, emotions and social movements and sociology and grace. This book is very useful in context of understanding and accepting changes in sexual identity, what is very often in Western Europe and North America. Also, Cooper explained how these changes are rarely accepted in Eastern Europe and Asia.
The gay topic in hip hop is not trying to destroy hip hop. Cashun is a gay rapper, who challenged the homophobia with enough dignity. “Disidentification resists an unproductive turn toward good dog/bad dog criticism and instead leads to an identification that is both meditated and immediate, a disidentification that enables politics.” Black gay folks who are in the middle of different dominances find the practice of disidentificacion more seductive and enabling than major subjects. Black queer subjects in black, presumed heterosexual or gay (mostly whites) contexts find that an identification with larger groups is more a liberatory exit for survival than those people who identify themselves with dominant ideologies. “Gay rappers disidentifying with the heteronormative conditions of the hip hop nation must often employ the very premises intended to badger them.” Deep Dickollective recontextualizes a popular term in a song that said “in a circle of faggots your name is mentioned”, giving this term another meaning:
The Divine Command Theory (DCT) explains which actions are moral based on whether or not God commands it. The theory is difficult to support due to its flaws, arbitration, and even due to the essence of God. While Divine Command Theorists may completely support this theory, I will argue why the theory is impractical and cannot dictate what is morally right or wrong.
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) occurs when minors are forced, coerced or otherwise involved in the commercial sex industry. The majority of people who are sex trafficked are females under the age of 18; Research suggests that the average age for a young girl to be recruited into prostitution is 12-14 years old. However, males are just as victimized by this crime as females. Victims of domestic minor sex trafficking often experience feelings of helplessness and self-hatred. They are also easy targets for sicknesses and infections; HIV and AIDS known to be prevalent. They may also experience pelvic pain, vaginal tearing, and/or urinary difficulties as a result of commercial sex work. The best way to help prevent sex trafficking is to
“Although concerning sexual practices between adults and children have existed throughout history and across cultures, whether such behavior was conceived of and defined as ‘abuse’ has been dependent on the societal values of the particular period” (Denov, 2004). In today’s society, sex offending has become an increasingly, concerning phenomenon that individuals must become more aware of. Although generally regarded as a male phenomenon, over time, female perpetrators have become equally important as male perpetrators. Due to the lack of public awareness, female sexual predators go unreported. As a result, society must become more aware of female sexual perpetrators, as many incidents of females assaulting both young men and women have gone unreported for some time. The following paper will focus specifically on why female sex offending is an important issue that the public must become more aware of.
To most ears, it probably sounds inoffensive. A little outdated and clinical, perhaps, but harmless enough: homosexual. But that five-syllable word has never been more loaded, more deliberately used and, to the ears of many gays and lesbians, more permissiveness.
We sometimes find ourself contemplating about who we are and what do we want in our life. As a gay man I have found myself stuck in many places, this is totally normal. We all try to find that perfect life but sometimes it involves barriers. Being wrong and owning up to what you want in life makes the ride easier. Thus being said, I would like to introduce myself with memories that shaped who I am and the struggles that I’ve achieved.
Homosexuality was once considered sacred in ancient Rome, albeit being treated poorly since the middle ages. Like this, homosexuality has been suppressed for a long time and thenceforth, the public opinion towards it has been on a downward road until recent years when LGBT groups started stepping up front and coming out along with the increasing controversy towards their rights.
Lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transgender, and queer community needs equality because they are humans, they need love and care, and they should be respected by everyone. This community is also known as LGBT or LGBTQ community. LGBTQ community is a group of people who are lesbians, gays, bisexual, transgender, and queer. This group of people is also known as homosexuals. This people experienced harassment, discrimination, and threat of violence because of their sexual orientation. They experienced this things because of homophobia or hatred of homosexuality. LGBT has many problems that they need to face. In some countries, being homosexual is a moral sin. There are many argument about sexuality and religion. And in some