In the 1920s, homosexuals were widely accepted. The author of a popular play about homosexuality, Mae West, was an early advocate of gay rights. In the 1930s, the public didn’t want to deal with homosexuality in the actors, so they forced them to retire or keep their sexuality private. Homosexuals would not be accepted again until the 1960s. In the 1930s, life was harsh for homosexuals. Homosexuality, at this point, was regarded as a mental illness. Many had to hide their identity to avoid being made fun of and even imprisonment. Many police forces used young, undercover cops to try and get a confession out of homosexuals.
The novel The Sign of the Chrysanthemum by Katherine Paterson is a story a sef boy named Muna who runs away from his manor to the capital city of 12th century feudal Japan, Kyoto, in search of his samurai father. I will discuss the primes of social structure and politics. Katherine Paterson’s The Sign of the Chrysanthemum accurately portrays the Heiji Disturbance and the status of craftsmen and ronins.
Feudalism was a key component of life for those in both Western Europe and Japan. The two systems developed independently from each other yet still held a multitude of similarities. However, their many differences out shadow the unique parallels they shared. The major discrepancies between the two are found in each’s code, structure and regulations.
Medieval Europe and Tokugawa Japan lived in seclusion to each other, and yet there were many uncanny similarities between Tokugawa Japan and Medieval Europe.
Japan’s rich history of power, wealth, and influence had many remarkable eras. One of the more notable periods in Japanese history was that of the Tokugawa Period (1600-1868). The Tokugawa Period was talked about in Musui’s Story, an autobiographical book, written by Kokichi Katsu. (Katsu ix) Katsu wrote Musui’s Story for three main reasons: to share how he had transformed from a low-ranking samurai to a well-known hero, to show his sense of self, and to serve as a cautionary tale for his descendants. He showed his sense of self when he became his own person with spirits, shrewdness, and imagination. (xviii) His transformation was proven in his journey of risk taking, danger, family, and friendships that can be told the next generation as well
Japan and Europe had unique lifestyles, one part being its military. It consisted of archers, who wielded bows and skilled swordsmen, called samurai. In Europe however, their military consisted of archers and swordsmen called knights. These two military figures share many similarities between each other, outweighing the differences. The three similarities between samurai and knights are moral codes, training, and their ranking in feudalism.
The societies of Tokugawa Japan (c.1603-1867C.E.) and medieval Europe (c.1000-1500C.E.) had two things in common; a feudal system. A feudal system is something that features hierarchies or social structures. The feudal system normally starts with a religion, which is at the very top of the social pyramid, then it’s the King or monarch for Europe and the shogun for Japan, then there are the nobles for Europe and the daimyos for Japan. As we go down the pyramid there are the warriors, like the knight in Europe and the samurai in Japan, then there are the peasants. The peasants were included in both eras and are at the lowest part of the pyramid.
Within the scope of this discussion, different dimensions of “queer” are presented as emulated by villains. “Queer” can be described as an umbrella term used for sexual and gender minorities who are not heterosexual nor cisgender. Correspondingly, Disney cinema villains obliterate all established notions of gender and sexuality, especially heterosexual norms. Through this frame, Disney cinema villains such as Ursula, Maleficent, and Elsa may be read as queer-coded in contrast with the relatively more heteronormative heroes. Queer-coding is essentially understood as fictional characters, who have not been revealed as queer, but are given traits or are being read as non-heteronormative, because of the style, behavior, gestures or overall appearance. While Disney cinema appears to constantly equate queerness with evil, at the same time, they are opening the door for diverse representations of queerness by blurring the binary oppositions of gender and presenting dynamic expressions that challenge everything that is considered
Japan’s Tokugawa (or Edo) period, lasted from 1603 to 1867. This was the final era of the traditional Japanese government before the modern era. The Qin dynasty lasted from 221-206BC. Thought it was brief, it was very important in Chinese history. The main weakness of the Tokugawa was an internal crisis and Western intrusion. However, the Tokugawa had a great economy, commerce and manufacturing industry. The strengths of the Qing Dynasty were the ability to improve methods of irrigation, which increased farm production. However, the military was still not strong enough to protect against few invasions. In addition, the population was increasing rapidly, and the government was too weak to police and protect all of the people.
Society is shaped by a number of different forces and factors. Inevitably, these forces come together to construct the life of the individual. In this essay, C.W. Mills’ sociological imagination will be discussed. A personal problem,homosexuality, and a social issue, homosexuality, will be highlighted. In concluding the essay, a reflection on the usefulness of the sociological imagination will be offered.
In His Book “The Exclusion of Homosexuality from the Public Sphere in the 1930s” Author Chauncy George asserts anti-gay campaigns called the “pansy craze’ began in the early to mid-1930’s as gays and lesbians started to become more visible in nightclubs (p331). Newspapers started the pansy craze via news articles that featured stories about nightclubs Male MC’s wearing lavender makeup and accouterments and Men dressed as Female Impersonators. Newspaper accounts precipitated by a January 25th, 1931 gangland shooting at Club Abbey between gangster co-owner of the club Dutch Shultz and Charlie (Chink) Sherman over control of the “Broadway liquor trade.” Fear of a gangland war the prompted police to crack down on gangland clubs, specifically the “pansy clubs” that featured female
We will be highlighting Philippines as one of the examples of censorship. In 2011, Solar Entertainment of the Philippines, has censored a pivotal scene in Kurt and Blaine’s relationship where they shared a kiss. Although many Filipinos are very open about the issue of homosexuality - in fact they celebrate homosexuality in their country with Pride Parades, the media still has the strongest say in the controlling of what is able to be shown on TV. It is very plausible that this act is controlled by the Movie and Television Review and Classification Board. This is thus a very clear sign of hegemony where the ruling class, in this case the Philippines government, manipulates the system of values and mores of a society, so that their view becomes the world view. This also means that consumers of Glee acquises the ruling class to have the authority on manipulating their consumption choices. Here, we can see that hegemony in politics can play a huge part in the shaping of a culture and controlling what should be shown in media. This is because, although media resorts to censorship, it lead to a reverse reaction where the audience become more supportive and aware of homosexuality than
Homosexuality, liking the same sex, has existed throughout human history. In today’s society heterosexuality, liking the opposite sex, is considered the “norm”. On the other hand, homosexuality is considered deviant or unnatural. So why do some believe that homosexuality is deviant? Who decides what is considered deviant? Functionalists, conflict theorist, and interactionist all have different views and focus on different parts of society and its people.
Pornography is one of those terms that people know about and even engage in but are afraid to talk about. They way people have seen and engage in pornography have changed throughout the ages. People have developed a love and a hate towards pornography. For myself, I think that pornography is a good way to explore your sexuality.
For years, the lesbian, gay, bisexuals and transgender (LGBT) community in the Philippines have always make a stand for the equality and respect from our society and have been crying out for action from the government specifically for the passage of laws that will protect the rights of all people regardless of sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI). The 2011 Philippine National LGBT Conference official statement said that despite the growing tolerance towards LGBT people, acceptance is still yet to be achieved. LGBT persons in the Philippines still face violence and discrimination from the family, from civil society organizations, from medical and health institutions, in schools, in employment and from the government. They have been kicked out of their homes. They have been bullied at school. They have been denied basic privileges at work. They have been barred from establishments and ridiculed in public places. They have been denied the opportunity to participate in legislation. All these they experience because they do not conform to gender norms dictated by society, a society that is a witness to the worsening situation of violence against our ranks.