Cornel West, a philosopher, made his view on heterosexism very clear in an interview with Vitka Eisen and Mary Kenyatta, in 1995. In the interview, West claimed that heterosexism has always been practiced and enforced throughout history for the sake of religion and consistency, and subsequently, the fight against heterosexism necessitates a great political courage.
Nature versus Nurture is an age old debate in Psychology. Nature vs Nurture relates to an individuals behaviour and characteristics and whether they are inherited through their DNA and genes, which can be seen as an innate approach to the debate.This is because innatism believes that the mind is born with all knowledge.Nurture states our behaviour and characteristics are learned through our environment and experiences, This therefore can be seen as empiricist approach as empiricism states that we are born a blank slate and everything we know is learned through our senses. Reproductive behaviour looks at how patterns are established and formed to continue the survival of humanity. Reproductive behaviour can fall under either Nature or Nurture
The diversity in the United States continues to grow, increasing the demand of creating more cultural competent programs. Health outcomes are addressed by race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. In research. race and ethnicity are potential predictors for a particular outcome. There is need for more research studies in order to provide an understanding of the different needs among ethnic minority groups. An abundance of research studies aggregates health data of different origin groups such as Hispanics or Asian/Pacific Islanders. The method is used in order to offer a result of a large population that may have multiple subgroups. Therefore, some may argue that aggregating results provides a more feasible process in analyzing a large ethnic
In Nella Larsen’s novel, The Passing, Irene Redfield is an outgoing Harlem woman. She opens a letter from Clare Bellew, who is married to a white man who does not know that his wife is black. Clare insists that she is lonely, isolated as she is from her own people, and she asks Irene to meet her again. Irene recalls her encounter with Clare in Chicago two years prior, in Clare’s home, she and another light-skinned black woman had been forced to listen to attacks about black people delivered by Clare’s racist husband. Now, Irene understands that Clare wants to use her in order to enter the Harlem society, although still pretending to be white, she can be with her own race. Sexual passing and racial passing play a major role in this novel,
In the article, Paula England explains that sexual attractions and behaviors are affected by biology and can be affected by social construction. However, social norms regulate how society views things as sexually appealing or disgusting. Sexual orientation refers to whether individuals are attracted to members of the sex, the same
Yip’s article discusses how religious texts such as the bible and the Quran, become a basis for marginalizing the non-heterosexuals. As mentioned in the article, it is true that homosexuals are always looked at negatively in these religious scriptures, but does it give the right for religious authorities to suppress these people? This essay will discuss some of the main points of the article and will tackle the different critiques about homosexuals in the Quran and in the bible.
Studies show between 3 and 1 percent of people are attracted to members of the same sex. Scientist reference back to the Sexual Orientation Continuum chart that show someone’s excepts of sexual orientation. The Sexual Orientation Continuum is meant to show if someone is more excepting toward heterosexuality or to homosexuality. If the person favor towards more one end then the other they are more likely to except the most favored one. Studies also state that most people are in between and can pick a heterosexual life and be happy but if they lean more towards homosexuality they would most likely; will live an unhappy life style trying to be heterosexual, this may lead to sadness and depression. This occurs with individuals that land somewhere
There are many institutions that play a role in defining certain aspects of our social construct. We can connect sexuality, and its concepts to the family structure, government, demography, medical field, education, literature etc. Thus, coining the terms such as homosexuality and heterosexuality stems from the institutions listed above. Although, the medical profession was extremely unscientific during the birth of these terms. Sexuality has not always been the forefront of societies consciousness, so why now in modern society has it become such a topic of conversation? Through the lectures, we have touched on the importance world events such as World War II, and mainly how the psychiatric community has influenced the perception of sexuality.
Alfred Charles Kinsey altered the way in which people of the twentieth century understood homosexuality. This created a great deal of discussion and controversy that became an enduring part of American culture, which introduced the world into viewing homosexuality as customary. Historian Dagmar Herzog supports Alfred Charles Kinsey’s findings by observing Europeans reactions to Kinsey’s report in comparison to Americans reactions. Historian Dagmar Herzog argues what Kinsey accomplished was phenomenal, he took ordinary people and the rage and intensity of their sexual longings and the diversity of their actual sexual practices seriously as no one had done before (Herzog, 2006). Therefore, Kinsey influenced the way the world viewed homosexuality
Sexuality is often deemed as biological and contingent rather than conditioned. Much of this belief is due to the word confusion with sex. Today, the terms sex and sexuality are thought to be intertwining, in that one’s sexual activities dictates their sexual identity. The concept of sexuality is assumed to derive from the instincts or animal ancestry desire for sex, thus reducing the concept of sexuality purely to the urge of reproduction. Moreover, seeing as though the only way to reproduce is to engage in heterosexual relations, the theory sexual identity is based upon the law of nature is argued. This perspective, also known as biological essentialism gives way to the ideology sexual relations is “’natural’ in the sense of being ‘god given’”(Jackson and Rahman 203). Furthermore, sexual identity has been deduced to the simplistic explanation that heterosexuality is developed in accordance to the basic instinctual, natural and biological root of people’s desires. This word connotation between sex and sexuality has developed that normalization of heterosexuality because it thought to derive from a person’s
Throughout the history, homosexuals have faced much discrimination and obstacles, where they are have been subjugated by the masses. Their rights have always been suppressed, where they have yet to achieve full legal equality as heterosexual couples and are often persecuted for their inability to conform into what society deems to be “normal” or what is “appropriate”. The homosexual movement was instigated in Germany on 1871, where there were harsh penalties for those who were caught in the act of sexual intercourse with those of the same sex, which was also seen as huge taboo in the Christian bible. The traces of prejudicial treatment towards gays and lesbians can be traced back to Roman Law and towards the medieval times, where the criminalizing
The Study of Twins by Bailey and Pillard When researchers are very interested in studying that genetics has a big factor in the appearance of certain characteristics or homosexuality, they knew that the best thing to do is to take a look and study the people who are closely and very
David Halperin is a Social Theorist who is one of the more known researchers when it comes to the study of proving that homosexuality is in fact acquired after birth. “Halperin believed in Planophysical theory. This theory believes that homosexuality is a freak of nature, an error” (Heffner). Halperin strongly believes that homosexuality stems from one child’s hatred of the same sex parent not being resolved, thus, ending in a favor attraction of the same sex. According to Christopher Heffner, Halperin’s theory involving failure to resolve an individual’s Oedipal issues is actually looked down upon by the psychological community as for most believe homosexuality is derived from one’s genes. “He postulates that a weak father and strong mother,
Sexuality has three assumptions to it 1. Sexuality of members 2. Institutions of society such as family, religion, 3. What is appropriateness or inappropriateness of sexual behavior with in the cultural it occurs in. Society and culture shapes human sexuality that is what is interesting to sociologists. There are several levels in societal influences as well on human sexuality which includes macro levels, society as a whole and ethnic groups which could have the impact of one’s sexuality.
Abstract: Cultural understanding of sexuality is based on the ideas of behavior and attitudes of men and women in a society. Throughout the ages, male body has been cited as aggressive and women’s sexuality is seen as a response to that aggressive male desire, which later on described as a natural phenomenon. Therefore, from social to psychology, most of the critics believe that sexuality is a social constructed. Every age has its specific ideology of being a man; like, Masculinity in 3000 B.C. was defined by the valour and courage, Medieval masculinity was essentially based on Christianity and chivalric, Victorian masculine ideology was marked with responsible, well behaved, domestic, protective and breadwinners of family, Modern masculinity