Hong Kong Migration

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Historically, Hong Kong is made of migrants (Wong, et al 2008). What is a formerly a fishing village, Hong Kong has been transformed into a metropolis where people and capital converged. Since the 19th century there is little restriction on movement of people between China mainland and Hong Kong (Wong, et al). The movement is characterized by circular migration from rural to urban. Hong Kong was also mainly used as transit city for Chinese from Mainland China who migrated to other country. Some entrepreneurs who fled China during the Cultural Revolution settled in Hong Kong and established their businesses. The presence of immigrants from China has been met by Hong Kong government with utmost cautiousness. On one hand, immigrants from Mainland…show more content…
Dr. Jose Rizal, Philippine’s national hero, lived in Hong Kong between December 1891 to June 1892 and practiced ophthalmologist before he finally left for United Kingdom. Emilio Aguinaldo, the first President of the Philippines agreed to live in Hong Kong where he continued his revolutionary activities and assisted Americans fighting against Spain in the Spanish-American War. The earliest known migration of musicians to Hong Kong was in late 1940s. More came in 1960s and started to dominate Hong Kong bars and restaurants and by 1980s they have to compete with karaoke bars and musicians from other nationalities as well as with Chinese musicians (Watkins, 2008). Filipino artists and musicians continue to be in demand in Hong Kong. There are many Filipino artists working in Disney Hong Kong. Filipino small and large entrepreneurs also settled in Hong Kong. The Worldwide House, a shopping arcade located in Central Hong Kong is rented out to small traders who sell telecommunications and banking services, to Filipino food, and magazines. The arcade is popular with the large Filipino population especially during Sundays and…show more content…
This impacts the present deployment of workers from the Philippines to Hong Kong particularly on domestic workers and most likely in the future too.
This paper describes Hong Kong’s various types of immigration policy for foreign skilled and unskilled workers. It shows that Hong Kong’s immigration policy is market-driven conveniently designed to benefit and strengthen its own economic interests. It is selective since it gives favorable work contracts to the best and the brightest, a stark contrast on how it treats their foreign non-skilled workers who are in greater number. This is similar policy and approach being pursued by most Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) labor receiving countries.
The paper is divided into following sections. Part 1 focuses on Hong Kong’s immigration policy for skilled workers and non-skilled workers through its various visa schemes, the requirements and procedures involved to be able to secure visa, discriminatory aspects of the policy particularly when it comes to foreign domestic workers, and the bodies that protect migrant workers. Part 2 deals with the immigration policy of the Philippine government and challenges in managing labor migration. The last part is
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