Hong Kong Urbanization

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Hong Kong is a remarkable city with a relatively small urban footprint, but it can still support a large population of Hong Kong residents of more than 7 million people and it is estimated that Hong Kong could receive 70 million tourists annually by 2017 (Chan, 2014). Nonetheless, because of the inhospitable topography of Hong Kong, characterized by rugged uplands and steep slopes, and its ever-expanding population pressure, Hong Kong has been brought into a chronic problem of shortage of useable lands, ossifying Hong Kong’s development process (Miao, 2013). In these years, Hong Kong’s rapid urbanization process create a tremendous demand for land resources in meeting different urban development purposes, like recreational, commercial and…show more content…
Hong Kong is well known to be a ‘vertical city’, with 558 skyscrapers across the whole city compare with New York’s 360 in 2011 (Chau, 2011). In the nineteenth century, there are three technical innovations make the practice of building tall buildings become more practicable and common. They are mechanical ventilation, elevators which helps people to reach higher ground with minimum efforts and steel structural frame which provides a better weight-bearing wall for well support of tall building (Rizzoli,…show more content…
However, some citizens from local concerned groups mention that volumetric intensification will cause public spaces and local shops along the sideway to be diminished. In Hong Kong, land that can be developed is very precious in developers’ eyes. As the developers want to maximize the economic return of the land, they will turn those land into other uses rather than leave as public spaces so that the developers can make profit. Nevertheless, it in turn reduces the number of public space in Hong Kong which is then complained by the local concerned groups. As public space have indispensable functions to the city. Public spaces can help facilitate public life, extending one’s living space. In some old housing estate of Hong Kong, there are large podiums offered, providing public area for residents to gather and chat with each other, enhancing human touch in today’s Hong Kong. Therefore, this can show that public spaces play a vital role in the social and economic life of residents and are especially crucial to social cohesion (Gri,
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