Brutus is explaining why he killed Caesar in his funeral speech. Brutus states, “As he was ambitious, I slew him”(JC, III, 28). Brutus is giving a logical statement using facts. His reason for killing Caesar is because Caesar is ambitious. Instead of using logos, Antony decides to use pathos in his speech and he manipulates the romans feelings.
However, Zeus saw the two sides of the gods’ feelings towards Odysseus. “‘Great Odysseus/ who excels all men in wisdom... it’s the Earth-Shaker, Poseidon, unappeased,/ forever fuming against him..’” (1.78-83). Zeus created an equilibrium so that Poseidon could take out his anger on Odysseus through punishment, and Athena receives the duty of making sure Odysseus gets home to Ithaca. Another situation where the moral was shown in the story is the difference between Odysseus and Telemachus’s view towards the suitors. Although they both knew that the suitors had to leave, they had different methods of doing so.
It is through these events, and not his victories on the battlefield, Achilles became a hero. It is his torment and suffering which makes Achilles a compassionate figure. The Iliad is a chronicle of Achilles' grief and rage. After the death of Patroclus, Achilles kills Hector. Before his death, Hector begged Achilles to return his body to his
In Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey, the greek values of cleverness, hospitality, and loyalty are featured and are either rewarded or punished. The greek value of cleverness is presented in Homer's epic poem The Odyssey and is either rewarded or punished due to the degree it is used by and by whom. For example, when Odysseus and his men are trapped in Cyclops’ cave, and they need to trick him to escape but when he asks for Odysseus’ name, he responds with, "My name is Nohbdy; Mother, father, and friends. Everybody calls me Nohbdy." (IX 397-398) Odysseus is clever by doing this because he will never get the blame when Cyclops wants revenge after they escape.
Odysseys actions of betraying his family and abandoning people that he is indebted during his journey portray the abhorrence of the Greek characteristics of selfishness by the Roman culture . Rome is a united culture while the Greeks are selfish and internally destroy their societal
These arguments of Furies make it clear that their judgement is matriarchal biased. They think tradition produces such an approach to the justice. Furies believe justice fails when Athena decides there will be a trial with Athenians being the judges . Mortals participating as decision makers while the divine justice being ignored causes Furies to think themselves as insignificant and they start showing humanely emotions such as rage . This shows even the powerful old gods demonstrate weak mortal behaviours which indicates their judgement could not be taken as absolute due to such weakness.
Achilleus, who considers himself a greater fighter than Agamemnon, does not believe that he should be taking orders from Agamemnon, and becomes angered when Agamemnon takes his prize, Brisies when he has to give up his prize, Criseis. Achilleus asks Agamemnon how “Anyone of the Achaians readily obey you” (79) and looses his temper. Achilleus becomes so enraged that he turns on his
Do Not Ignore the Laws of the Gods Loyalty to the state should not undermine a person’s loyalty to their gods. When the king challenges or ignores the authority of the gods, he is headed for failure. Sophocles trumpets this message throughout his tragic play, Antigone. After Polyneices rebelled against Thebes and killed his brother Eteocles in battle, King Creon decreed that a traitor to the state cannot be buried. Worse, the body of a traitor is left to rot above ground as food for scavengers.
Since Polyphemus refuses to give Odysseus hospitality, there is no chance of civility and this will not help Odysseus, only hurt him. To prove Polyphemus’ incivility even more, he asks where Odysseus boat is so he can destroy it. Another example of negative hospitality is the suitors blatant disrespect for Penelope’s good hospitality.
Virgil proves how in the Roman culture the Romans put god in front of themselves and what they believe. In order to gain the Trojans trust, Virgil uses the Greeks to manipulate the Trojans into thinking the gift was from the gods. The Romans immediately accept the Trojan horse when they find out