Short Essay On Hookworm

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Soil-transmitted helminths refer to the intestinal worms infecting humans that are transmitted through contaminated soil ("helminth" means parasitic worm). (CDC, 2013) One of the worms of this soil transmitted infections in humans is hookworm. These parasite infects humans by penetrating through the skin (usually feet that in contact with soil) and by ingesting their larvae, then it travels to the small intestine where it matures and lays eggs. The eggs will excreted out of human body by defecation, then the eggs will hatch into infective form of larvae which will infect human again by passing through the skin or by ingesting it. Number of infections are high in warm tropical countries like Indonesia. With warm and humid environment of Indonesia, this helminths will thrive and ready to infect. Also, with poor sanitation and hygiene, there’s no doubt infection will happen. There are 2 main types of hookworms that infect human (definitive host) : Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale, with Necator americanus being more common than Ancylostoma duodenale as it lives optimally at 28o-32oC which is the normal temperature in Indonesia. (Staf Pengajar Parasitologi FKUI, 2013)…show more content…
Meanwhile, the symptoms of adult hookworm depends on the species and number of hookworms, and nutritional status of the host. Many adult hookworm infections show no symptoms, but chronic or heavy infection may cause anemia, iron and protein deficiency (caused by blood loss at the site of the intestinal attachment of the adult worms) but not death. When children are continuously infected by many worms, the loss of iron and protein can retard growth and mental development. (CDC, 2017) This will impact the child’s achievement in school and learning development. So, it is important to keep children from getting infected. It can also impact on adult’s

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