Imagine living in a refugee camp. Every day you work really hard trying to get a job, and provide for your family, but to no avail. Every night you are extremely tired, but have a hard time sleeping because it is freezing cold. You wake up again, and go through this cycle of trying to get a job, house, and sleep. Hoovervilles are very similar to refugee camps. They are crowded, dirty, miserable, and they are places where the homeless gather to build temporary homes.
The Great Depression was the greatest and longest economic recession of the 20th century. It began with the United States stock market crash of 1929, and didn't completely end until after World War II, in 1946. During the Great Depression there was a mass unemployment in America. …show more content…
Unlike many of the towns and cities Hoovervilles weren't very segregated. The people who lived in Hoovervilles included everyone: men, women, children, blacks and whites, from all walks of life. Hoovervilles were filthy, tiny, and poorly built. They were built out of anything and everything. Some things they were built out of include: wood, stones, loose boards, cardboard, old bricks, boxes, crates, and tar paper. They weren't very warm during the winter and often didn’t keep out the rain, snow or hail. They did not have bathrooms; therefore, they were very unsanitary. A second reason why the sanitation was so horrible was because most Hoovervilles didn’t have access to clean water. Without clean water you cannot bathe, wash your hands, wash clothes or dishes, or have safe water to drink. You would have to bathe and wash your things in dirty water, or else not wash them at all. People who lived in Hoovervilles did not have access to medical facilities and the living conditions were prone to sickness and disease. Inadequate sanitation, lack of clean drinking water and poor nutrition lead to a variety of diseases and illnesses such as tuberculosis, diphtheria, diarrhea, rickets, influenza, pneumonia and skin diseases. When someone got sick, which was very likely, it spread like
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During the Great Depression a Midwestern phenomenon called the Dust Bowl affected many lives of newly settled Americans throughout the Great Plains region. Otherwise known as the “Dirty Thirties”, a storm of dry weather caused farmers and villagers to abandon their homes in hope to survive the deadly threat of the storm. The Dust Bowl was a big contributing factor to the Great Depression agriculturally, and economically. During the 1930’s America suffered extreme temperatures. A drought forming across all farm lands due to failure of successful crop rotation cause dust to form.
Hoover was not interested in the affliction caused by the Great Depression. In fact, people’s way of life started deteriorating as they had no support from the government. His inability to face national upcoming crisis was a mistake to the US economy and the way down to massive depression. Hoover marked into law the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act, which prompted an emotional decrease in global exchange; and also consenting to impose increments on homes, organizations, and checks. His business profession, and individual convictions, made him ill-suited to giveaway effectively with a monetary calamity as desperate as the Great Depression.
The Great Depression The Great Depression was by far one of the worst times of America’s history, and the world’s history. The Depression affected everyone except for the politicians and the wealthy. During the depression a lot of people lost their jobs which caused the unemployment rate to sky rocket to 14% of America’s population was unemployed, and the number would stay their till World War 2, and the depression started in the 1920’s. Middle class workers were hit the hardest in the depression. Most of the middle class citizens lost their jobs.
Many of Hoover’s policies favored big businesses and he believed that the growth of the economy depended on increasing capital given to big businesses would combat the depression, which is also known as the Trickle Down economics. If the government aided big businesses then their investments and success would “trickle-down” to the working class, this improving and expanding the economy (Doc 5). Many people criticized Hoover and his policies for not helping the needy. He refused to provide federal relief programs to help unemployed since he thought people would not be motivated to work if the government aided them (OI).As conditions worsened, makeshift homes popped up all over America and were nicknamed “Hoovervilles”, after Herbert Hoover. Hoover believed that that individual initiative and big businesses would solve the problems of the depression and that the economy would recover on its own (OI).
In the following days of October, an incredible misfortune occurred. This event would soon be known as “Black Tuesday”. This unfaithful day was the day where the stock market plummeted leading to a great crash in the economy. This led plenty of individuals to become homeless and live in a state of poverty. Many of these individuals began to create their own society's known as Hoovervilles.
People got sick easily and disease spread through the towns rapidly” (Ducksters). Living conditions were horrible, shacks were small, poorly shielded against lousy weather, lacked warmth, and lacked even the most basic resources like bathrooms! Hoovervilles' dire circumstances really showed the urgent need for government help to address the housing crisis and help to enhance the living conditions for the homeless. So where does the name Hooverville even come from? Well, “The name Hoovervilles were named after President Herbert Hoover, but it wasn't meant as a compliment or an honor.
The experience that the majority of urban and rural Americans shared together during the depression was a flat out lack of income. The differences were very few, but in the cities, the depression was more prominently visible because of a higher percentage of the population (Schultz 2014). Besides the lack of income and employment, most Americans underwent periods of time being extremely hungry. In the cities, people spent hours waiting in breadlines and were losing their homes to only end up living on the streets in communities referred to as "Hoovervilles" nicknamed after the president (Schultz 2014). In the country, families suffered because of unusual droughts of the 1930 's that caused crops to fail miserably meant the already indebted farmers commonly lost their properties.
The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in the history of the world. It began in the United States when the stock market crashed in October 1929. Everybody was sent into a panic and millions of investors were wiped out. Unemployment levels began to rise after consumer spending and investment dropped, while stock prices continued to increase. Companies started to lay off their workers, and soon nearly thirteen to fifteen million people in America were without jobs.
This is because many people lost family members, money, and homes. A lot of people died from starvation and disease. Many banks failed, causing people who had money in that bank to lose it. Many people were left homeless and even died. Finally, Herbert Hoover made the Hoover Dam in 1931, to control flooding and generate electricity in the area.
They were called Hooverville because during the time, President Herbert Hoover took no
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place during the 1930s. The article by Edwin Gay and pictures compiled by Cary Nelson are both descriptions of how the Great Depression was and the several impacts that it had on the American economy. The range of the great depression is unprecedentedly wide according to Edwin Gay. The great depression was believed to have started from the collapse of the US stock market in 1929. This was shown in a picture as compiled by Cary Nelson
During the 1930’s thousands of Dust Bowl migrant workers made their way from the central plain into California seeking work. In their search for work and some form of income many of the migrants and their families ended up in Hoovervilles, which were makeshift roadside camps that were greatly impoverished. Steinbeck was able to travel through the labor camps and recorded the horrible living conditions of the migrant workers. The collection of these recordings was published as Harvest Gypsies. During the tours of the labor camps he saw the oppression of the workers first hand in addition to workers being demoralized by wealthy land owners.
The air was filled with dust and dirt. Many mammals died from swallowing and breathing too much dust and dirt. It was during the Great Depression so animals were valued. Animals gave them money from their milk and meat. The Dust Bowl lasted a terrible ten years that changed many people's lives.
In what ways did the Great Depression affect the American people? After a decade of economic prosperity, what seemed like an era that defined the concept of the American dream, quickly came to an end when the stock market on Wall Street collapsed in 1929. The aftermath of the events that occurred on Wall Street would put its heavy mark on the years to follow among the citizens of the United States. Banks closed down, unemployment rose and homelessness increased. It was a widespread national catastrophe that had its impacts on both poor and rich.