Irving uses contrasts, personification and imagery in his description of setting, and symbolism to create an atmosphere of mystery in his stories. Irving uses contrasting tones and ideas to confuse the reader and create mystery. Irving contrasts the realistic description of setting with the unearthly mystery, and tranquility with creepiness in “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”. In this story Irving gives a fairly realistic description of the setting to the reader with vivid imagery and details. At the same time though, he is telling a tale that is not very realistic at all as he is talking about a “ghost” that has a “nightly quest for its head” (Irving, “Sleepy” 4).
He is up at midnight, deep in thought, and he does not mention that he almost falls asleep. He clearly says that he "nearly napped", implying that he no longer sleeps at night, but only catches brief moments of napping during his long nights of obsession. “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I
He states “his room was as black pitch with the thick darkness” (538:5). This makes the story spine-chilling and it makes you automatically think of what could be in the dark room. Poe tries to make the story as scary as possible for the reader to enjoy. Another hint of knowing it is completely dark is when it says “for the shutters were closed fastened through fear of robbers”(538:6). The old man felt scared and violated being looked at in the middle of the night and not knowing who or what could it be.
Gothic literature is a popular literary genre that combines the elements of horror, mystery, and drama. These types of stories have a darker tone than most stories, making you want to turn all the lights on in your bedroom and curl up under the covers. But sometimes, the authors of these types of stories took things a little too far. Those authors make their stories feel like they aren’t actually happening. There are Gothic stories that make you feel safe with the lights off, but there are others that make you wish that daylight never ended.
Early in the text, readers are able to learn the time the events in the poem take place. “Once upon a midnight dreary” (Poe S1). This citation explains to readers that it is midnight, the darkest hour of them all. I can gather that Poe wanted to create an ominous setting, therefore he had midnight play a role, creating another factor of fear, haunting, and terror. Furthermore, the way the narrator describes his household furniture is more proof of why I feel forlorn whilst reading “The Raven.” In the beginning of the text, before the narrator opens the door and discovers no one there, he personifies the drapes in a cheerless, dejected way.
As he continues to ask questions to it, he discovers that nevermore is the only thing the raven will say. The questions became more and more personal and filled with pain the further the poem progresses. Not getting any answers results in the narrator becoming more and more desperate and insane. In this analysis I want to focus on how Poe’s writing in The Raven progressively gives the reader the feeling that the narrator turns insane. How does he create the progression from a seemingly normal man to an insane one?
He establishes an eerie setting “Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary” and “Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December”. The “bleak December” night, book of “forgotten lore” and the sudden knock establish a gothic mood. The narrator falling asleep before the knock makes it unclear if he’s awake or dreaming through the rest of the poem
Poe uses an alliteration of the “d” sound to add to the dismal atmosphere of the room. Using several various tenses of the word dream, as well as doubting, dared, and darkness all reiterate the gloomy presence. Another factor that added to the atmosphere of doom due to repetition is the simple word “Nevermore”. For example, the raven says the words on several different occasions throughout the course of the poem. This otherwise irrelevant words builds suspense because it’s meaning can be interpreted differently each time the word is used on it’s rollercoaster to it’s climax.
Gothic texts combine fiction, horror, and death to prompt readers to feel extreme emotion, and the story employs darkness and gloom to this effect. When the narrator describes the way he approaches the old man 's darkened room each night, just at midnight, slowly inserting his head and his "dark lantern" through the door, we know what his intention is. His obsessive repetition of these actions, undertaken in darkness, only adds to the growing tension. Further, on the night the old man hears the narrator and sits up wide awake in bed, we know the narrator is waiting in the gloom, increasing our anxiety and terror for the old man 's well-being. It 's quite terrifying when the narrator says the old man tried to comfort himself in vain "because
All of his novels are dense and difficult but, unless my memory is faulty, this is the only one written in this particular way. Furthermore, some of the repetition, for example ‘Ossipon, nicknamed Doctor’, occurs on subsequent pages in the text, and, for me, it is absurd to think Conrad wouldn’t have noticed. This suggests that these flaws were perhaps intentional, that it was a style choice. However, one is then, of course, faced with coming up with some way of justifying that style